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List of described caves

List of described caves

Here are listed caves (including locations of cave paintings) described in this Website.

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NoNameCountry, regionTypeLength (m)Depth (m)ValueRank
38 Denisova Cave Russia, Altai Krai Karst? 600 Biology, Archaeology, Geology 3
66 Armamalai Cave India, Tamil Nadu ? ? ? Art, Architecture, History, Archaeology 7
67 Sittanavasal Cave and Eladipattam India, Tamil Nadu ? ? Art, Architecture, History, Archaeology 4
72 Jata Shankar, Pachmarhi India, Madhya Pradesh Karst? ? ? History, Archaeology, Geology 8
77 Bhimbetka cave shelters India, Madhya Pradesh Weathering cave group cave group Art, History, Archaeology, Geology 2
79 Ravan Chhaya rock shelter near Sitabinji India, Orissa Gap between rocks 4.7 ? Art, Architecture, History, Archaeology 7
80 Jogimara Cave, Sita Bengra Cave India, Chhattisgarh ? 14 ? Art, Architecture, History, Archaeology 5
106 Sistema Zacatón Mexico, Tamaulipas Karst cave group cave group Geology, Biology, Visual 1
108 El Nacimiento spring, Sistema Zacatón Mexico, Tamaulipas Karst 230 ? (>17 m) Geology, Visual 7
112 Cavernas Las Quarteles, Sistema Zacatón Mexico, Tamaulipas Karst 1 680 ? Geology, Biology 8
118 Cueva La Iguana, Sistema Zacatón Mexico, Tamaulipas Karst ? ? Geology 9
123 Caverna Travertina, Sistema Zacatón Mexico, Tamaulipas Karst ? ? Geology, Biology, Visual 7
125 Sótano de las Golondrinas Mexico, San Luis Potosi Karst 303 512 Geology, Visual, Biology 3
128 Pozzo del Merro Italy, Lazio Karst ? 472 Geology, Visual, Biology 5
132 Minyé sinkhole and cave Papua New Guinea, East New Britain Karst 5 421 ? (>510 m) Geology, Visual 3
132 Naré sinkhole Papua New Guinea, East New Britain Karst 2 000 415 Geology, Visual 4
135 Mamo Kananda Cave Papua New Guinea, Southern Highlands Karst 54 800 528 Geology, Visual 5
137 Dashiwei tiankeng China, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Karst 6 000 ? (>613 m) Geology, Visual 2
138 Majlis al Jinn Oman, Ash Sharqiah Region Karst 340 178 Geology, Visual 4
139 Tawi Atair sinkhole and cave Oman, Dhofar Governorate Karst ? ? (>211 m) Geology, Biology, Visual 6
140 Teiq sinkhole and cave Oman, Dhofar Governorate Karst ? ? (>250 m) Geology, Visual 5
148 Mawsmai Cave India, Meghalaya Karst ~ 250 ? Geology, Visual 9
149 Mawjymbuin Cave India, Meghalaya Karst 209 ? Geology, Visual 9
187 Talava Arches and Caves Niue Karst ? ? Geology, Visual 6
194 Kakamora Caves - mystery of the dwarf people Solomon Islands Karst ? ? Archaeology, Unexplained, Geology 7
238 Sally Ward Spring United States, Florida Karst 529 85.3 Geology, Visual 6
239 Wakulla - Leon Sinks cave system United States, Florida Karst 51 483 106.7 Geology, Visual 3
240 Indian Spring, Wakulla United States, Florida Karst 3 626 30 Geology 7
241 St. Marks River Rise United States, Florida Karst ~ 3 000 ? Geology 7
243 Pierre Saint-Martin Cave France, Aquitaine Karst 80 200 1 408 Geology 2
248 Khoun Xe Cave (Xe Ban Fai Cave) Laos, Khammouane Karst 13 600 ? Geology, Visual, Biology 2
251 Fontaine-de-Vaucluse (Vaucluse Spring) France, Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur Vauclusian spring ? 308 Geology, Visual 2
259 Moqua Caves and Moqua Well Nauru Karst ? ? Geology 8
264 Nanumanga Fire Caves Tuvalu Karst ? ? Archaeology, Geology, Unexplained 6
282 The Marble Caves (Cavernas de Mármol) Chile, Aisén Coastal erosion, Karst ? ? Visual, Geology 4
283 Milodon Cave (Cueva del Milodón) Chile, Magallanes ? 200 20 Biology, Archaeology, Visual, Geology 5
288 Puerto Princesa Subterranean River Philippines, Palawan Karst > 24 000 100 Geology, Biology, Visual 2
320 Crystal Cave, Bermuda Bermuda, Hamilton parish Karst ˜ 500 62 Geology, Visual, Biology 5
333 Blue Grotto in Capri Italy, Campania Sea cave 54 > 15 Visual, Geology, Archaeology 3
334 Grotta dello Smeraldo Italy, Campania Bradyseism > 45 > 24 Visual, Geology 6
339 Boiling Hole in Lake Catherine Turks and Caicos Islands, West Caicos Karst > 206 > 18 Geology 7
350 Cavannagh Cave Anguilla Karst 87 ? Geology, Biology 7
351 Aripo Main Cave Trinidad and Tobago Karst 862 160 Geology, Biology 6
352 Quadirikiri Cave Aruba Karst 150 ? Archaeology, Biology 6
354 Hato Caves Curaçao Karst 240 ? Geology, Archaeology, Biology 6
356 Animal Flower Cave Barbados Coast erosion ? ? Geology 7
391 Škocjan caves Slovenia, Slovenian Littoral Karst 6 200 223 Geology, Archaeology, Biology, Visual 1
393 Vrtiglavica cave Slovenia, Slovenian Littoral Karst ? 643 Geology, Visual 3
430 Er Wang Dong cave China, Chogqing Municipality Karst 42 139 441 Geology, Visual 3
431 San Wang Dong cave China, Chogqing Municipality Karst 67 825 343 Geology, Visual 2
447 Krubera Cave Georgia, Abkhazia Karst 16 058 2 197 Geology, Biology 1
455 Son Doong Cave (Hang Sơn Đoòng) Vietnam, North Central Coast Karst & 9 000 ˜ 150 Geology, Visual 1
477 Manjang Cave South Korea, Jeju Lava cave 8 928 ? Geology, Visual 4
489 Bala'a sinkhole (Baatara sinkhole) and waterfall Lebanon, North Karst ? 255 Geology, Visual 2
493 Gorham's Cave United Kingdom, Gibraltar Sea cave ˜ 100 ? Archaeology, Geology 2
503 Syri i Kalter (Blue Eye) Albania, Vlorë Vauclusian spring ? > 50 m Geology 3
508 Caverne Patate Mauritius, Rodrigues Karst 1,140 18 Geology 4
516 Abismo Guy Collet Brazil, Amazonas Quartzite 896.4 670.6 Geology 4
534 Eisriesenwelt Austria, Salzburg Karst > 42,000 407 Geology 2
535 Prohodna Bulgaria, Lovech Karst 262 ? Geology 3
538 Ochtinská Aragonite Cave Slovakia, Košice Cryptokarst ˜ 300 ? Geology 3
541 Szepvolgyi System (Pál-völgy Cave) Hungary, Budapest Thermal karst 30,100 123 Geology 4

Featured:

Oman: Majlis al Jinn

Ascending from the floor of Majlis al Jinn, Oman
Majlis al Jinn, ascending towards the Cheryl's Drop / Wikimedia Commons, CC-BY-SA-3.0

One of natural wonders of Oman is the giant underground chamber - Majlis al Jinn or Khoshilat Maqandeli. This cave represents a sinkhole in early stage of development - giant underground chamber with small opening above it.

Mexico: Sistema Zacatón

El Zacaton sinkhole
El Zacaton sinkhole / Gatis Pāvils, compilation of DEPTX mapping (2007) and M.O.Gary and J.M.Sharp Jr., CC-BY-SA-3.0

The area of the extensive El Rancho Azufrosa contains numerous very unusual natural landmarks - some of the deepest sinkholes of the world filled with warm, slightly acidic water. Some of these sinkholes have sealed themselves with plain travertine lids, others have floating travertine islands. This is the unique Sistema Zacatón - area where karst processes are influenced by volcanic heat.

Niue: Talava Arches and Caves

One of Talava natural arches
Talava natural arch at the sea / Pia Waugh, Flickr. CC BY 2.0

The coastline of Niue is adorned with unique geological landmarks - chasms - which closer to the sea turn into beautiful caves and finally open towards the sea. Possibly the most amazing formation of this kind is Talava Arches and Caves in the northern part of this small island country.

Bermuda: Crystal Cave

Diving betweeen stalagmites of Crystal Cave, Bermuda
Diving betweeen stalagmites (so called "twin peaks") in Crystal Cave. These stalagmites formed, when the cave was above the water level / / public domain

The best known of the many caves in the small Bermuda islands is the gorgeous Crystal Cave - a major tourist attraction for more than a century.

Philippines: Puerto Princesa Subterranean River

Entrance into Puerto Princesa Subterranean River
Entrance into Puerto Princesa Subterranean River / Donabel and Ewen, / CC BY 2.0

There is no other habitat like this in the whole world - tides bring the salty sea water 6 km far into the enormous passages of Puerto Princesa Subterranean River. Passages of this giant underworld are more than 24 km long and here is located one of the largest cave halls in the world - Italian's Chamber.

Aruba: Quadirikiri Cave

Quadirikiri Cave, Aruba
Quadirikiri Cave / Ian Mackenzie, / CC BY 2.0

The legendary Quadirikiri Cave is one of the largest and most interesting caves in Aruba.

Vietnam: Son Doong Cave

Camp in the entrance part of Son Doong cave, Vietnam
Camp in the entrance part of cave / Doug Knuth, / CC BY-SA 2.0

The largest known cave in the world by volume is Son Doong Cave in Vietnam. This cave is one of the great natural wonders of the world.

Austria: Eisriesenwelt

View from Eisriesenwelt, Austria
View from Eisriesenwelt / Allie Caulfield, Flickr, CC BY 2.0

The most impressive known ice cave in the world is Eisriesenwelt - a giant cave not too far from Salzburg. Total length of this cave exceeds 42 kilometres and the first kilometre at its entrance is covered with huge amount of ice which forms beautiful formations.