Start \ Classification of attractions and landmarks \

List of described attractions, 101 - 200

Here are listed monuments and attractions No. 1 - 100 described in this Website.

Click on headings to sort the table!

NoNameCountry, regionCategoryRankDescription
101 Haha Falls United States, Hawaii, Moloka'i Waterfalls 8 Approximately 240 m tall fall, one of seven tall waterfalls at the upper rim of Kamalo Canyon.
102 Waimanu Falls, Moloka'i United States, Hawaii, Moloka'i Waterfalls 8 Approximately 550 m high waterfall, the highest drop - 120 m.
103 Lonad Caves India, Maharashtra Rock-cut architecture, Buddhist shrines, Hindu shrines 7 Small group of ancient Buddhist rock-cut caves from 5th century AD. Chapel - chaitya - contains valuable stone carvings.
104 Gavi Gangadhareshwara India, Karnataka Rock-cut architecture, Hindu shrines 5 Unique monument of architecture and planning - unusual rock-cut Hindu temple from 9th century, where the Sun shines on shrine only for short while during the religious festivity in middle of January.
105 Mahakali Caves or Kondivita Caves India, Maharashtra Rock-cut architecture, Buddhist shrines 9 Group of 19 caves built by Buddhists in 1st century BC - 6th century AD and located in suburbs of Mumbai.
106 Sistema Zacatón Mexico, Tamaulipas Sinkholes, Ecosystems, Springs, Caves 1 Unique system of numerous sinkholes up to 339 m deep, created by thermal acidic waters from the bottom up. Some sinkholes have sealed up in natural way and possibly contain unique organisms.
107 La Pilita sinkhole, Sistema Zacatón Mexico, Tamaulipas Sinkholes 8 110 m deep sinkhole in the unique Zacatón karst field.
108 El Nacimiento spring, Sistema Zacatón Mexico, Tamaulipas Springs, Sinkholes 7 Powerful spring and sinkhole in the unique Zacatón karst field, united with El Zacatón sinkhole through 230 m long underground passage.
109 Poza del Caracol, Sistema Zacatón Mexico, Tamaulipas Sinkholes 7 Deep sinkhole in the group of unique Zacatón sinkholes. Full depth has not been reached.
110 Poza Verde, Sistema Zacatón Mexico, Tamaulipas Sinkholes 8 Large sinkhole in the unique Zacaton karst field.
111 Cenote Azufrosa and La Cristalina, Sistema Zacatón Mexico, Tamaulipas Sinkholes, Springs 8 Part of the unique Sistema Zacaton. Cenote Azufrosa is silted sinkhole - now small, shallow pool. La Cristalina is crystal clear, up to 50 m deep pool along the edge of Cenote Azufrosa.
112 Cavernas Las Quarteles, Sistema Zacatón Mexico, Tamaulipas Caves 8 Part of the unique Zacatón karst field - dry, large cave passage system, over 1,500 m long, with numerous collapse sinks.
113 Palmita, Sistema Zacatón Mexico, Tamaulipas Sinkholes 9 Smaller sinkhole in the unique Zacatón karst field.
114 Poza Seca, Sistema Zacatón Mexico, Tamaulipas Sinkholes, Ecosystems 4 Sinkhole closed with travertine cap, part of the unique Sistema Zacaton. Most likely it hides unknown life forms, not investigated.
115 Poza Tule, Sistema Zacatón Mexico, Tamaulipas Sinkholes 7 Largest sinkhole (by diameter) in Sistema Zacaton. It has two travertine lids.
116 Poza Garapata, Sistema Zacatón Mexico, Tamaulipas Sinkholes, Ecosystems 8 One of the sinkholes of the unique Sistema Zacatón. Possibly covered with travertine lid.
117 El Zacatón sinkhole Mexico, Tamaulipas Sinkholes, Ecosystems 4 The deepest water filled sinkhole in the world. Total depth - 339 m, lake is 319 m deep.
118 Cueva La Iguana, Sistema Zacatón Mexico, Tamaulipas Caves 9 One of the caves in the unique Sistema Zacatón.
119 Laguna Colorada, Sistema Zacatón Mexico, Tamaulipas Sinkholes 8 One of the unique sinkholes in Sistema Zacatón, little explored.
120 Cenote Amarillo, Sistema Zacatón Mexico, Tamaulipas Sinkholes 8 One of the unique sinkholes in Sistema Zacatón.
121 Atascosa pool, Sistema Zacatón Mexico, Tamaulipas Sinkholes 9 Shallow pool created by the unique karst processes of Sistema Zacaton.
122 Cenote Alameda, Sistema Zacatón Mexico, Tamaulipas Sinkholes 8 One of the unique sinkholes in Sistema Zacatón.
123 Caverna Travertina, Sistema Zacatón Mexico, Tamaulipas Springs, Caves 7 Powerful spring flowing out of cavern with impressive travertine formations.
124 Calçoene megalithic observatory - Amazon Stonehenge Brazil, Amapa Megaliths 6 The largest known megalithic stone ring in north-eastern Brazil. Consists of 127 vertically placed granite slabs which possibly were used to calculate winter solstice.
125 Sótano de las Golondrinas - Cave of the Swallows Mexico, San Luis Potosí Sinkholes 3 Giant, 372 m deep sinkhole - largest and one of the deepest cave shafts in the world.
126 Hoya de las Guaguas Mexico, San Luis Potosí Sinkholes 5 Sinkhole - cave of giant size. Entrance shaft is 202 m deep, total depth 478 m, cave chamber up to 290 m tall. Thousands of swifts and parrots live in the sinkhole.
127 Sótano del Barro Mexico, Querétaro Sinkholes 5 One of the largest sinkholes of the world. 455 m deep hole in the ground (410 m direct fall), 420 m long and 200 m wide, formed in Lover Createcous limestone.
128 Pozzo del Merro Italy, Lazio Sinkholes 5 The deepest known water filled sinkhole - cave system in the world with at least 392 m deep waterbody, total measured depth - 472 m, formed in Triassic limestone.
129 Black Hole of Andros Bahamas, South Andros Sinkholes, Ecosystems 3 Black hole - the only formation known in the world where microorganisms have increased the temperature of water - here it reaches 36°C. Approximately 300 m wide and up to 47 m deep round karst formation.
130 Dean's Blue Hole Bahamas, Long Island Sinkholes 4 The 202-203 m deep Dean's Blue Hole is the deepest known blue hole in sea. It is used in yearly world championship of freedivers and numerous world records are set here.
131 Great Blue Hole Belize, Belize District Sinkholes 4 124 m deep, perfectly round, submerged, deep blue sinkhole in the middle of atoll. At the depth of 40 metres contains numerous stalactites which provide valuable information about the past of Earth climate.
132 Minyé sinkhole and cave Papua New Guinea, East New Britain Sinkholes, Caves 3 Up to 510 m deep, giant sinkhole in equatorial jungle. At the bottom it is crossed by powerful underground river, opening entrances in enormous, at least 5.4 km long cave with some of the largest cave chambers in the world.
133 Naré sinkhole Papua New Guinea, East New Britain Sinkholes, Caves 4 Enormous sinkhole in intact rainforest of Nakanai Mountains in New Britain. Depth of sinkhole is up to 310 m, below there is powerful river with extensive cave passages.
134 Mamo plateau Papua New Guinea, Southern Highlands Sinkholes 6 Unique limestone plateau with more than 100 giant karst dolines close next to other. These structures are similar to sinkholes and are formed by underground rivers, which discharge in the middle part of spectacular escarpment - southern rim of plateau.
135 Mamo Kananda Cave Papua New Guinea, Southern Highlands Caves 5 Longest cave in Papua New Guinea. Total known length 54,800 m, depth - 528 m. Contains several giant chambers.
136 Xiaozhai tiankeng China, Chongqing Municipality Sinkholes, Ecosystems 1 Largest known sinkhole in the world, up to 662 m deep and 626 m wide pit with vertical walls. On the bottom grows unique forest.
137 Dashiwei tiankeng China, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Sinkholes, Caves, Ecosystems 2 Second largest known sinkhole in the world, 613 m deep and 600 m wide pit with vertical walls and unique forest at the bottom.
138 Majlis al Jinn Oman, Ash Sharqiah Region Sinkholes, Caves 4 Giant cave room with natural lighting through three holes in the ceiling. Majlis al Jinn is single, 58,000 m2 large and up to 120 m high cave room formed by karst processes.
139 Tawi Atair sinkhole and cave Oman, Dhofar Governorate Sinkholes, Caves 6 211 m deep and up to 140 m wide sinkhole with partly flooded cave at the bottom. Endemic fish lives in the cave lake - the only freshwater fish in 600 km radius.
140 Teiq sinkhole and cave Oman, Dhofar Governorate Sinkholes, Caves 5 One of the largest sinkholes in the world. Volume - 90 million cubic metres, depth up to 250 m, width 750 - 1000 m. Two perennial streams enter this sinkhole and disappear underground.
141 Crveno Jezero - Red Lake Croatia, Split-Dalmatia Sinkholes 3 One of the largest and most impressive sinkholes in the world - approximately 530 m deep, with nearly vertical walls. Contains 280 - 290 m deep lake with endemic species of fish.
142 Modro Jezero - Blue Lake Croatia, Split-Dalmatia Sinkholes 6 Giant collapse structure - sinkhole. Depth 290 m, at the bottom for most part of the year is seen deep blue lake - popular swimming place.
143 Catatumbo Lightning Venezuela, Zulia Meteorological phenomena 4 The most persistent thunderstorm of the world and most powerful generator of upper tropospheric ozone in the world, linked to certain location. Sometimes in one night can be seen even 20,000 flashes of lihgtning.
144 Morning Glory of Carpentaria Gulf Australia, Queensland and North Australia Meteorological phenomena 4 The only location in the world where on regular basis can be observed highly unusual atmospheric phenomenon - low lying, up to 1000 km long, narrow, rope-like clouds quickly passing by in early mornings.
145 Cherrapunji (Sohra) India, Meghalaya Meteorological phenomena 6 One of the rainiest places of the world with rainfall reaching up to 24,555 mm per year.
146 Mawsynram India, Meghalaya Meteorological phenomena 6 One of the rainiest places of the world, Mawsynram gets 11,872 mm of medium annual precipitation.
147 Nohkalikai Falls India, Meghalaya Waterfalls 4 335 m tall waterfall with a single plunge, one of the most impressive in India. Name of falls comes from a legend about tragic events in local village.
148 Mawsmai Cave India, Meghalaya Caves 9 The first show cave in Meghalaya, approximately 250 m long cave with beautiful cave formations.
149 Mawjymbuin Cave India, Meghalaya Caves, Hindu shrines 9 209 m long cave, famous due to peculiar stalactite and stalagmite, the latter resembles a Shiva linga thus turning the cave into Hindu shrine.
150 Chir Batti India, Gujarat Meteorological phenomena, Site of legends 6 Balls of light floating near the ground level around the plains of Banni grasslands, noticed since ancient times. There is no scientific explanation to this phenomenon.
151 Naga fireballs of Mekong Thailand, Northeast and Laos, Vientiane Province Meteorological phenomena, Site of legends 4 Mysterious phenomenon - red balls of light rising up from the waters of Mekong, especially frequent at full moon in October. There is no convincing explanation of these lights.
152 Roopkund - Skeleton Lake India, Uttarakhand Meteorological phenomena, Site of legends 6 Small lake in Himalaya located at great height. At the lake are located skeletons of more than 500 piligrims who died here in 850 AD. Most likely reason of their sudden death is sudden hailstorm.
153 Markansu Desert - Valley of Tornadoes Tajikistan, Kuhistoni-Badakhshon Autonomus Province Meteorological phenomena, Site of legends 7 Valley with extreme climate, lowest temperatures outside polar areas and very frequent and dangerous dust devils similar to tornadoes. This valley was crossed by the Great Silk Road and numerous caravans have perished here.
154 Katabatic winds at Commonwealth Bay Antarctica Meteorological phenomena 5 Windiest place on Earth with powerful katabatic winds possibly exceeding 320km/h speed. Medium annual speed of wind here is 80km/h - similar to storm.
155 Dome A - coldest place on Earth Antarctica Meteorological phenomena, Other natural landmarks 6 Eventually the coldest place on Earth, located in Antarctic desert some 4090 m above the sea level. Coldest measured temperature is -83.5°C but it is expected that temperature here may fall even below -100°C.
156 Ridge A - best place for astronomy research on Earth Antarctica Meteorological phenomena 7 The place with the clearest sky in the world, best suited location for astronomical observations. Possible the coldest place on Earth, not reached by people yet.
157 Paasselkä devils Finland, Southern Savonia Meteorological phenomena, Sites of legends, Impact craters 7 Unusual phenomenon - bright lights howering above the water of Lake Paasselkä, observed by local people at least for several centuries.
158 Hessdalen lights Norway, Sør-Trøndelag Meteorological phenomena 5 In this location often are observed balls of light floating in the air. This phenomenon has been researched since 1983 but no explanation has been found thus far.
159 Poás Volcano and Laguna Caliente Costa Rica, Alajuela Volcanoes, Ecosystems, Meteorological phenomena 5 2,708 m high volcano with the unique Laguna Caliente - extremely acid crater lake experiencing frequent phreatic explosions. Volcano creates some of the most acid rains of the world, creating area devoid of any vegetation.
160 Gandom Beryan in Lut Desert Iran, Kerman Meteorological phenomena 6 This dark colored lifeless plateau has the hottest land surface on Earth with temperatures reaching up to 71° C. This is enough to fry an egg.
161 Yungay - the driest place in the world Chile, Antofagasta Meteorological phenomena, Ecosystems 5 Lifeless, extremely dry area near an abandoned nitrate mining town. Possibly the only soil without any traces of life on Earth. Researched by astrobiologists as this location might provide answers about the borderline between liveable and nonliveable environments.
162 Kifuka - place where lightning strikes most often Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sud-Kivu Meteorological phenomena 7 Location with the highest known frequency of lightning flashes. Lightning strikes every square kilometre of the land near Kifuka 158 times per year.
163 Inga Falls Democratic Republic of the Congo, Bas-Congo Waterfalls 4 The largest rapids of the world. Congo River here falls 96 m over the distance of 15 km. Numerous endemic fishes live here, in the deepest river of the world.
164 Yoro Fish Rain - Lluvia des Peces Honduras, Yoro Meteorological phenomena 7 Once in a year in May - July strong thunderstorm comes to Yoro. After this storm in the meadows is found stranded fish which is not native to Yoro. Most likely the fish is not falling from the clouds but is rather brought by flash floods.
165 Balete tree in Maria Aurora (Millenium Tree) Philippines, Aurora Trees 3 Giant banyan - balete tree. Height of this tree reaches 60 - 65 m, girth of the trunk seems to exceed 30 m. One can enter inside the tree.
166 Salinas Salt Springs Philippines, Nueva Vizcaya Springs 6 Unique spring which once created large, white travertine cupola with rimstone pools.
167 Barangay Alegria Toog Philippines, Agusan del Sur Trees 4 One of the highest trees in the world - 96.9 m tall Philippine rosewood tree.
168 Doerner Fir United States, Oregon Trees 4 The tallest coast Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii) in world, 99.4 m tall.
169 Klinki in Bulolo Valley Papua New Guinea, Morobe Province Trees 7 The tallest known araucarias in the world - reportedly up to 88.9 m tall Araucaria hunsteinii.
170 Swartwater Tree South Africa, Limpopo Province Trees 5 One of the largest trees in South Africa. Circumference of trunk is 24.55 m, height 28.4 m.
171 Hyperion United States, California Trees 2 The tallest known tree in the world - 115.61 m tall coast redwood (Sequoia sempervirens), diameter 4.84 m.
172 Neeminah Loggorale Meena - the tallest Tasmanian blue gum Australia, Tasmania Trees 7 The tallest known Tasmanian blue gum (Eucalyptus globulus) in the world, 90.7 m tall.
173 White Knight - the tallest manna gum Australia, Tasmania Trees 7 The tallest known manna gum (Eucalyptus viminalis) in the world, located in Tasmania. Height - 91.3 m, girth 11 m.
174 Tallest Giant Sequoia United States, California Trees 7 Tallest known giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum) in the world, 94.9m tall.
175 Raven's Tower - tallest Sitka spruce United States, California Trees 7 Tallest known Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis), 96.9 m tall.
176 Noble Fir in Goat Marsh United States, Washington Trees 8 Tallest known noble fir (Abies procera), 89.9 m tall. Tree is dead.
177 Mele Cascades Vanuatu, Shefa Waterfalls 7 One of the most popular tourist attractions in Vanuatu - waterfall with numerous travertine cascades. Tallest plunge is 45 - 50 m high.
178 Norfolk Island subtropical rainforest Australia, Norfolk Island Ecosystems 5 Remnant of unique subtropical rainforest. Here still are found numerous endemic species of plants and animals including Norfolk pine and the tallest tree fern of the world - up to 20 m tall Cyathea brownii.
179 Christmas Island subtropical forest and red crabs Australia, Christmas Island Ecosystems, Animal colonies 3 Unique rainforest with the highest diversity of land crabs in the world. Forest ecosystem is dominated by endemic red crabs Gecarcoidea natalis whose yearly migration to the sea is one of most impressive animal migrations worldwide.
180 Hosnies Spring mangroves Australia, Christmas Island Ecosystems, Springs 5 120,000 years old grove of mangroves. The ground here has rised 24 - 37 m above the sea level and ecosystem is maintained wet by springs. Mangrove trees have reached exceptional size.
181 The Dales of Christmas Island Australia, Christmas Island Ecosystems, Springs 7 Seven - eight valleys in the rainforest of Christmas Island, contain numerous biological values including blue land crabs. Several dales form deep ravines.
182 Hugh's Dale Waterfall Australia, Christmas Island Waterfalls, Springs 8 10 - 15 m tall waterfall. Spring water has precipitated tufa, forming impressive wall and several rimstone pools below it.
183 McDonald Islands Australia, Heard Island and McDonald Islands Volcanoes 7 Remote, little known group of islands of volcanic origin. Volcanic activity restarted in 1992 after 75,000 years long period of dormancy and eruptions in 2001 significantly increased the size of islands.
184 Hapupu dendroglyphs New Zealand, Chatham Islands Other archaeological monuments 5 Unique monument of culture - carvings in kopi trees left by Moriori people in 17th - early 19th century. In late 1990 here still were 82 trees with 98 carvings. Purpose and meaning of carvings is not clear.
185 Taia dendroglyphs New Zealand, Chatham Islands Other archaeological monuments 7 Second largest group of kopi trees with carvings left by Moriori people in 17th - early 19th century. In late 1990 here still was 21 tree with 26 carvings. Purpose and meaning of carvings is not clear.
186 Lake Kairae dendroglyphs New Zealand, Chatham Islands Other archaeological monuments 7 Second largest group of kopi trees with carvings left by Moriori people in 17th - early 19th century. In late 1990 here still were 16 trees with 22 carvings. Purpose and meaning of carvings is not clear.
187 Talava Arches and Caves Niue Natural arches, Caves, Sinkholes 6 Impressive system of karst formations: several beautiful caves, three large natural arches up to 35 m wide and a sinkhole.
188 Ara Metua - ancient Polynesian road Cook Islands Roads and paths, Megaliths 6 One of the most impressive ancient Polynesian roads - 29 km long road which until recent times was paved with basalt and corall stones. Built circa 1050 AD.
189 Arai Te Tonga - most sacred marae in Rarotonga Cook Islands Ancient shrines, Megaliths 7 The most sacred site in Rarotonga Island, developed circa 1250 AD and serving as the administrative and spiritual centre of the island until early 20th century.
190 Wairere Falls New Zealand, Waikato Waterfalls 6 The tallest waterfall in North Island. Height of falls - 153 m, formed over tectonic fault.
191 Browne Falls New Zealand, Southland Waterfalls 6 The tallest waterfall in New Zealand, cascading down from Lake Brown into Doubtful Sound. Height of falls is 836 m over the distance of 1130 metres.
192 Sutherland Falls New Zealand, Southland Waterfalls 3 One of most impressive falls in the world, 580 m tall waterfall with three cascades.
193 Nusa Roviana hillfort and shrines Solomon Islands, Western Province Prehistoric settlements, Fortifications, Ancient shrines, Sites of legends 5 Fortified settlement of Roviana head hunters, with 13 legendary shrines. Includes the famous Tiola shrine with mythical idol - dog sculpture. Built in 1350 - 1800 AD.
194 Kakamora Caves - mystery of the dwarf people Solomon Islands, Makira - Ulawa Province Caves, Cryptozoology 7 Unidentified limestone caves in the central part of Makira island where purported mythical beings - kakamoras - are or were living. These legends might point to a tribe of small people really living here before the coming of current inhabitants of Makira.
195 Dwarfie Stane United Kingdom, Scotland Rock cut architecture and sculptures, Megaliths, Ancient burials, Sites of legends 5 Enormous sandstone slab - glacial erratic. Circa 3,000 - 2,500 BC hollowed out with a passage with two side chambers. Passage was plugged with a 1.5 tons heavy stone plug - door.
196 Stonehenge United Kingdom, England Megaliths, Ancient burials 1 One of the best known megaliths in world. Stonehenge was developed in its present form in 3100 - 2300 BC and consists of complex stone settings including a stone ring with lintels. Stone settings have astronomical orientation and serve as a centre of large complex of archaeological monuments.
197 La Hougue Bie United Kingdom, Jersey Megaliths, Ancient burials 3 One of the most impressive and best preserved passage graves in Western Europe, built circa 4000 - 3500 BC. Passage is 18.6 m long, covered with 12.2 m high mound with medieval chapels on the top of mound.
198 Le Noir Pré orchid meadow United Kingdom, Jersey Ecosystems 7 Prominent display of Jersey orchids - some 2.5 ha large meadow. Thousands of these orchids are flowering here each year in late May - early June.
199 Pentre Ifan United Kingdom, Wales Megaliths 5 One of the best preserved and most picturesque dolmens in Wales, built circa 3500 BC. Impressive feature is 16 tons heavy capstone placed 2.4 m high on the sharp tips of three standing stones.
200 Le Déhus passage grave (Le Dehus) United Kingdom, Guernsey Megaliths, Ancient burials 5 Large, altered passage grave, made circa 3500 BC. Contains unique artwork - a stone carving showing a bearded man with a bow and arrows.

Featured:

India: Lonad Caves

Lonad Caves, sculptures depict scenes from Vessantara Jataka
Lonad Caves, sculptures depict scenes from the history of Buddhism., Flickr / CC BY-SA 2.0

Near Janwal village there is located a group of several rock-cut Buddhist temples, made circa 5th century AD - Lonad Caves.

India: Mahakali Caves or Kondivita Caves

Mahakali Caves, Cave II
Cave II in south-eastern group, entrance / , Flickr / CC BY 2.0

Suburbs of Mumbai hide several groups of unique monuments - ancient rock-cut temples. One of such monuments is the ancient Kondivita Caves - nowadays more often called Mahakali Caves.

Mexico: El Zacatón sinkhole

El Zacaton sinkhole
El Zacaton sinkhole / Gatis Pāvils, compilation of DEPTX mapping (2007) and M.O.Gary and J.M.Sharp Jr., CC-BY-SA-3.0

One of the most impressive natural landmarks in Mexico is El Zacatón sinkhole. It is the deepest known water filled sinkhole in the world, containing endemic classes of microorganisms and unusual floating islands.

Mexico: Sótano de las Golondrinas

Caver rappelling down into the Sótano de las Golondrinas
Caver rappelling down into the Sótano de las Golondrinas / Stubb, Wikimedia Commons, Free Art License

One of the most impressive sinkholes in the world is Sótano de las Golondrinas - Cave of the Swallows. This hole in the ground is that large that it is nearly impossible to comprehend it - even if one is sitting at the rim of it.

Bahamas: Dean's Blue Hole

Dean's Blue Hole, Bahamas
Dean's Blue Hole, Bahamas / Ton Engwirda, Wikimedia Commons, CC-BY-SA-3.0 Netherlands

There exists a broad term "blue hole" describing any deep, water filled, vertical caves. The deepest known blue hole in the sea is the 202 - 203 m deep Dean's Blue Hole in Bahamas, Long Island.

Croatia: Crveno Jezero

Crveno Jezero sinkhole
Crveno Jezero sinkhole / Tieum512, Wikimedia Commons, CC BY 3.0

The largest and, as it seems, the most impressive karst formation in Dinaric Alps is Crveno Jezero - one of the largest sinkholes of the world.

India: Nohkalikai Falls

Nohkalikai Falls, India
335 m tall Nohkalikai Falls falling from Cherrapunji plateau are fed just by 2 km long stream. Without heavy rains it would be much smaller / , Flickr / CC BY 2.0

One of the tallest and certainly - some of the most beautiful falls in India are Nohkalikai Falls. Water here falls in a single plunge approximately 335 m high.

Antarctica: Katabatic winds at Commonwealth Bay

Winter at Mawson Hut, Cape Denison, Antarctica
Storm at Mawson Hut / Frank Hurley, 1911-1914, State Library of New South Wales.

Commonwealth Bay and especially Cape Dennison is considered to be the windiest place of the world.

Costa Rica: Poás Volcano and Laguna Caliente

Laguna Caliente in Poas crater in white color
Laguna Caliente in Poás crater in white color / Richie Diesterheft, Flickr. CC BY 2.0

There are many interesting volcanos around the world but few are as interesting as Poás volcano in Costa Rica, which contains one of the most acidic lakes of the world - Laguna Caliente - which often changes color and often throws up the acid like a geyser - even hundreds of metres high! This acid lake and surrounding fumaroles produce acid fogs and rains which have wiped out the vegetation near the summit.

Philippines: Balete tree in Maria Aurora (Millenium Tree)

Balete tree in Maria Aurora, Philippines
Balete tree in Maria Aurora / , Flickr / CC BY 2.0

There is eerie and somewhat creepy balete tree amidst papaya plantations near Maria Aurora village. It is some 60 - 65 m tall and some 60 adult people are needed to get their arms around this incredible tree.

Australia: White Knight

White Knight, Tasmania
White Knight / Nicolás Boullosa, Flickr. CC BY 2.0

Several coincidences have spared the highest known white gum of the world - White Knight - from felling. Now this 89 m tall tree is popular tourist destination.

Vanuatu: Mele Cascades

Mele Cascades, Vanuatu
Mele Cascades, upper part / , Flickr / CC BY 2.0

Visit to the beautiful Mele Cascades fulfills the wish of many tourists to see the real nature of Vanuatu - especially if most part of the vacation has been spent in cosy hotels and beaches.

New Zealand: Hapupu dendroglyphs

Dendroglyphs on Rehoa Island
Dendroglyph in Rehoa island / Vasey R., Wikimedia Commons. CC-BY-SA-3.0

The best known dendroglyphs in the world are located on the largest of Chatham Islands - Rehoa. The largest group of dendroglyphs - Hapupu dendroglyphs is found in J.M. Barker National Historical Reserve. In late 1998 here were found 82 trees with 98 carvings.

New Zealand: Wairere Falls

Wairere Falls from road, New Zealand
Wairere Falls from road / Ravisha Wijesinghe. CC BY 2.0

It is considered that Wairere Falls are the tallest in Northern Island. This beautiful waterfall is 153 m tall.

United Kingdom: Dwarfie Stane

Dwarfie Stane, with a man in entrance
Dwarfie Stane, with a man in entrance / , image by Des Colhoun / CC BY-SA 2.0

The central part of Hoy Island justifies the stereotypes about harsh, nordic, desolate Orkney Islands. Wild cliffs rise above the desert-like peatlands, no trees or shrubs are seen.

Here, in the peatlands (corries) between Quoys and Rackwick is located mysterious monument of the past - Dwarfie Stane.

United Kingdom: Stonehenge

Stonehenge
Stonehenge with people / , Flickr CC BY-SA 2.0

The word "megalith" brings one immediate association to many people around the world - Stonehenge. This archaeological monument certainly is a part of popculture. It is silent heroe of numerous movies, paintings, comixes and - countless pseudoscientific theories and even religious movements.

Guernsey: Le Déhus passage grave (Le Dehus)

Le Dehus passage grave, interior
Le Déhus passage grave, interior / , Richard Scott-Robinson / CC BY-SA 3.0

Contrary to many other exciting archaeological monuments, Le Déhus is located in a rather unromantic setting - in a sharp bend of street opposite the market garden in the densely populated island of Guernsey. This monument has been extensively excavated and a lot here has been rebuilt and reconstructed. Nevertheless this is magnificent and enigmatic monument of history.