Start \ Classification of attractions and landmarks \

List of described attractions, 401 - 500

Here are listed monuments and attractions No. 501 - 600 described in this Website.

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NoNameCountry, regionCategoryRankDescription
401 Mount Nimba Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire and Liberia Ecosystems 3 Eroded mountain chain covered with montane forest and grasslands - biodiversity refuge in savannah. Contains hundreds of endemic species of plants and animals. Mountain consists of high grade iron ore.
402 St. John Falls near Gbedin Liberia and Guinea Waterfalls 6 Large, some 25 - 30 m tall waterfall.
403 Cotton Tree in Freetown Sierra Leone, Western Area Urban District Trees 5 Symbol of Sierra Leone - more than 500 years old cotton tree (Ceiba pentandra) in the very centre of Freetown.
404 Baji Cypress (King Cypress) Tibet, Nyingchi Trees 5 Largest known Tsangpo River Cypress in the world, some 50 m tall and with a diameter of 5.8 m. According to legends planted in the lifetime of the founder of Bön religion more than 2,500 years ago.
405 Paro Taktsang Monastery Bhutan, Paro Buddhist shrines 2 Monastery in a dramatic cliff setting, located in nearly vertical cliff 900 m above Paro valley. Constructed in the 17th century at the site where the Second Buddha - Padmasambhava lived in the 8th century.
406 Njupeskär Sweden, Dalarna Waterfalls 4 Tallest waterfall in Sweden - 125 m tall. Highest plunge is 93 - 95 m tall. Popular tourist destination.
407 Kongou Falls Gabon, Ogooué-Ivindo Waterfalls 3 One of most powerful waterfalls in the world, 56 m tall and 3.2 km wide. Surrounded by pristine rainforest.
408 Sheikh Zayed Mosque, Abu Dhabi United Arab Emirates, Abu Dhabi Islamic shrines 3 One of most beautiful religious structures of modern times, built in 2007. Mosque unites diverse styles of Islamic architecture and modern technologies and contains outstanding works of art and craftmanship.
409 Phophonyane Falls Swaziland, Hhohho Waterfalls 6 80 m tall waterfall - a slide along steep face of gneiss. Formed on 3.55 billion years old rock - one of world's oldest exposed rocks.
410 Maletsunyane Falls Lesotho, Maseru Waterfalls 3 192 m tall waterfall with a single, vertical cascade. Stream is approximately 25 m wide, in winter large icicles form around falls.
411 Island of Mozambique Mozambique, Nampula Cities and towns 3 Island with historical town. Former Arab trading town and capital of Portuguese East Africa, contains the oldest European buildings south of Sahara.
412 Kubu Island (Ga'nnyo) Botswana, Central Ecosystems, Prehistoric and ancient shrines 3 Eerie site - granite hill rising over salt flats. Contains a grove of giant baobabs and prehistoric dry stone ruins.
413 Day Forest (Goda Mountains) Djibouti, Tadjourah Ecosystems 7 Unique juniper forest - isolated island of montane forest. Little researched, most likely contains endemic species. Forest is in danger - its area is decreasing.
414 Massawa Old City Eritrea, North Red Sea Cities and towns, Ancient cities and towns 4 Ancient port city which has existed for millenia, flourished in the 16th and 19th centuries. Historical Old city is built on an island, most buildings are in Ottoman style.
415 Lamadaya Somalia, Sanaag Waterfalls, Spring tufa, travertine and other formations 5 Tall waterfall with several cascades and plunge pools. Flows throughout the year.
416 Bombaim Falls São Tomé and Príncipe, São Tomé Waterfalls 8 Picturesque, some 7 m tall waterfall in rainforest.
417 Kalandula Falls Angola, Malanje Waterfalls 3 Powerful, 410 m wide waterfall with a possible height of 105 m. One of most spectacular waterfalls in Africa.
418 Lake Tele Republic of the Congo, Likuala Cryptozoology 2 Round, shallow lake in the middle of large tropical swamps. Habitat for more than 100,000 gorillas, possible habitat of mokele-mbembe - possible dinosaur and other mysterious animals.
419 Likhubula Falls Malawi, Mulanje Waterfalls 6 Powerful, 12 - 15 m tall waterfall sliding down along the granite cliff.
420 Santiago de Compostela Cathedral Spain, Galicia Churches 2 Final destination of important pilgrimage routes, enormous and sumptuous cathedral built over the grave of Saint James. One of most important religious buildings in Western Europe.
421 Drago Milenario Spain, Canary Islands, Tenerife Trees 3 Most famous dragon tree (Dracaena draco) in Canary islands, the largest specimen of its species. This enormous tree has a circumference of 17.4 m.
422 Nossa Senhora do Rosário church in Cidade Velha Cape Verde, Santiago Churches 5 World's oldest colonial church, built in Portuguese Gothic style in 1495.
423 Diana's Peak National Park Saint Helena Island Ecosystems 3 Relict of ancient, 10 million years olf African tropical forest. This small patch of tree fern thicket contains numerous endemic species.
424 Dendrosenecio woodlands on Mt. Kilimanjaro Tanzania, Kilimanjaro Ecosystems 4 Unusual mountain woodland, dominated by endemic and stunning Dendrosenecio johnstonii and Dendrosenecio kilimanjari trees.
425 Karera Falls Burundi, Rutana Waterfalls 5 Spectacular waterfall, which consists from three main cascades on two streams. Total height of falls - approximately 80 m.
426 Rusumo Falls Rwanda, Eastern Waterfalls 7 Waterfall on Kagera river, some 15 m tall and approximately 40 m wide. Soon might be flooded by power station.
427 Niubizi tiankeng (Niubidong) China, Chongqing Municipality Sinkholes 4 Enormous sinkhole - tiankeng, 195 m deep and up to 380 m wide pit with vertical walls. Here starts the giant, 68 km long San Wang Dong cave system with its own climate system.
428 Boali Falls Central African Republic, Ombella-M'Poko Waterfalls 4 One of the best known landmarks in Central African Republic: 50 m tall and 250 m wide waterfall.
429 Qingkou tiankeng and waterfalls China, Chongqing Municipality Sinkholes, Waterfalls 2 Giant sinkhole - tiankeng, up to 295 m deep and up to 250 m wide pit with vertical walls. Nearly unique erosional tiankeng, formed by the flow of surface water. Several waterfalls fall into this sinkhole up to this day.
430 Er Wang Dong Cave China, Chongqing Municipality Caves 3 42 139 m long cave with enormous, impressive cave passages and rooms. Cave opens to Qingkou and Niubizi tiankengs and has its own climate.
431 San Wang Dong Cave China, Chongqing Municipality Caves 2 67 825 m long cave with some of the most impressive cave passages and rooms in the world. Cloud Ladder House is the seventh largest cave room in the world, with its own clouds.
432 Msoura stone circle (Mezorah Ring) Morocco, Tangier-Tétouan Prehistoric and ancient cemeteries, Megaliths 3 Megalithic stone ring with 167 standing stones up to 5.5 m tall and burial mound in the middle. Possible burial of early Mauretanian king from the 3rd - 4th century BC.
433 Lobé Falls Cameroon, South Waterfalls 4 Up to 270 m wide and 10 - 17 m tall waterfall discharging directly in the sea.
434 Agadez Mosque Niger, Agadez Islamic shrines 4 Historical mosque, built from adobe in 1515 and partly rebuilt in 1844. Contains the tallest adobe structure in the world - 27 m tall minaret.
435 Leptis Magna Libya, Murqub Ancient cities, Abandoned cities 2 Abandoned city, one of the best preserved Roman cities, a showcase of Roman art and architecture from the 2nd - 3rd century AD.
436 Ancient Carthage Tunisia, Tunis Ancient cities, Abandoned cities 2 Ruins of ancient city, former capital of Carthagian Empire and major city in Roman Empire, one of the largest cities in the ancient world. Founded between 846 and 813 BC, destroyed in 698 AD.
437 Wassu stone circles Gambia, Central River Megaliths, Ancient and prehistoric cemeteries 3 Group of 11 megalithic stone circles, erected in the 7th - 9th century AD, with later burials inside. Site of legends.
438 Gorée Island (Goree) Senegal, Dakar Cities and towns 4 Island (18.2 ha) which is covered exclusively with historical buildings. Important trade port founded in 1444, predecessor of Dakar. Numerous valuable buildings, such as the legendary House of Slaves.
439 Bobo Dioulasso Grand Mosque Burkina Faso, Hauts-Bassins Islamic shrines 3 Large and unusual mosque, built in the late 19th century. One of the largest Sudano-Sahelian style buildings.
440 Basilica of Our Lady of Peace of Yamoussoukro Côte d'Ivoire, Lacs Churches 3 World's largest church building, constructed in 1985 - 1989. Church can accomodate 18,000 worshippers, it is 158 m tall.
441 Kpalimé Falls Togo, Plateaux Waterfalls 5 More than 100 m tall cascade - almost vertical waterfall with many cascades.
442 Jōmon Sugi Japan, Ryukyu Trees 3 The largest tree in Japan and largest known cryptomeria. Tree grows in pristine temperate rainforest, its circumference is 16.4 m, age may exceed 3,000 years.
443 Antiphonitis church Cyprus, Kyrenia Churches 5 Medieval church with unusual architecture. Church contains valuable frescoes from the 12th and 15th centuries. Unfortunately most frescoes have been looted.
444 Kanas Lake Monsters China, Xinjiang Cryptozoology 3 Gorgeous lake where frequently are seen enormous monsters. It is possible that here live giant fish - taimens of unseen size.
445 Kokkol Falls Kazakhstan, East Kazakhstan Waterfalls 5 Approximately 60 - 80 m tall, fan-shaped waterfall, one of the most beautiful waterfalls in Altai Mountains.
446 Arslanbob Forest Kyrgyzstan, Jalal-Abad Ecosystems 4 World's largest walnut forest with an area of some 11,000 ha. Most sorts of contemporary walnuts come from this forest, since Alexander the Great brought these nuts to Europe.
447 Krubera Cave Georgia, Abkhazia Caves, Ecosystems 1 Deepest known cave in the world, the only cave which is deeper than 2 km. Here is found the deepest living terrestrial animal in the world - springtail Plutomurus ortobalaganensis.
448 Tnjri (Skhtorashen plane-tree) Azerbaijan, Yukhari-Karabakh Trees 4 Most likely this is the largest plane-tree (Platanus orientalis) in the world. Circumference of the tree is 27 m, height - 54 m, purported age - more than 2,030 years.
449 Somawathie Stupa Sri Lanka, North-Central Buddhist shrines, Sites of legends 3 One of the oldest stupas (Buddhist shrines) in Sri Lanka, built in the 2nd century BC. Multiple and diverse miracles have been reported in this site including powerful beams of light, mysterious apparitions and other events.
450 Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin Mosque Brunei, Brunei-Muara Islamic shrines 3 One of the most beautiful mosques in South-East Asia, built in 1958. Enormous structure covered with white marble and topped with golden dome.
451 Garden of Eden, Sarawak Malaysia, Sarawak Sinkholes 3 Approximately 1 - 2.2 km wide valley which from three sides is flanked by 150 - 300 m tall limestone walls and from the fourth - by steep mountain side. Accessible through Deer Cave - giant cave passage. Possible world's largest sinkhole.
452 Bukit Timah Monkey Man Singapore Cryptozoology 7 Legendary monkey man - a cryptid supposedly living in the only pristine rainforest of Singapore - Bukit Timah forest which has an area of 164 ha.
453 Angkor Wat Cambodia, Siem Reap Hindu shrines, Buddhist shrines, Man made extremes 1 World's largest religious structure, built in the first half of the 12th century as the central shrine of Khmer Empire. This Hindu (now - Buddhist) temple is one of the most beautiful and iconic monuments of architecture in the world.
454 Caracol Falls Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul Waterfalls 3 Gorgeous, 131 m tall waterfall with two cascades. Especially impressive is the tallest plunge which falls from an overhanging cliff.
455 Son Doong Cave (Hang Sơn Đoòng) Vietnam, North Central Coast Caves 1 World's largest cave by volume. Main, more than 5 km long passage is up to 200 m high and 150 m wide. Cave contains possible world's tallest stalagmites and largest cave pearls.
456 Helmcken Falls Canada, British Columbia Waterfalls 3 One of the greatest waterfalls in Canada - 141 m tall waterfall falling with a single plunge over a cliff ledge.
457 Schwarzenbach Falls Canada, Nunavut Waterfalls 3 The largest waterfall that far north, total height is approximately 520 m.
458 Mahasthangarh Bangladesh, Rajshahi Ancient cities and towns, Abandoned cities and towns, City walls 4 Remnants of important, enormous ancient city, capital of the ancient Pundravardhana state. Founded in the 3rd century BC or earlier and inhabited until the 18th century AD. Contains impressive city walls and hundreds of other structures.
459 Giant Tingle Tree ("Hollow trunk") Australia, Western Australia Trees 5 The stoutest known red tingle (Eucalyptus jacksonii) in the world. Tree has a girth of 22.3 m, its height is 30 m.
460 Reakaly baobab (Ampanihy baobab) Madagascar, Atsimo-Andrefana Trees 5 Giant Adansonia za baobab, with a circumference of 23 m. Possible stoutest tree in Madagascar.
461 Kamou no Ohkusu Japan, Kyushu Trees 4 The largest known camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora) with a circumference of 24.22 m. Age of this tree is approximately 1,500 years.
462 Banyan in Lomteuheakal Vanuatu, Tafea Trees 3 Enormous Chinese banyan (Ficus microcarpa) with approximate trunk circumference of 26 m. Tree has a single trunk contrary to many large banyan trees with multiple trunks.
463 Blood Falls, Antarctica Antarctica, Victoria Land Waterfalls, Springs, Mineral springs, Ecosystems 4 Approximately 15 m tall seepage of water, which has been colored in red color by iron salts. This water comes from subglacial ecosystem which has been isolated from the outside world for 1.5 - 2 million years.
464 Airdevronsix icefalls Antarctica, Victoria Land Waterfalls 2 One of world's most impressive icefalls, some 5 km wide and more than 400 m tall.
465 Warren icefall Antarctica, Victoria Land Waterfalls 4 One of world's most impressive icefalls, approximately 920 wide and more than 400 m tall.
466 Pissing Mare Falls Canada, Newfoundland Waterfalls 5 One of the tallest waterfalls in the eastern North America, 343 m tall. Tallest drop is approximately 250 m tall.
467 Del Norte Titan United States, California Trees 4 93.6 m tall tree with a circumference of 22.73 m, coast redwood (Sequoia sempervirens) with the stoutest single stem.
468 Cola de Caballo, Jalisco Mexico, Jalisco Waterfalls 5 More than 150 m tall waterfall with an impressive, vertical plunge.
469 Caño Cristales Colombia, Meta Ecosystems 2 Unique river with a bottom covered with the endemic Macarenia clavigera plants which in autumn turn bright red, thus making the river very colorful.
470 Patan Durbar Square Nepal, Bagmati Cities and towns, Ancient cities and towns 3 One of the most beautiful city squares in Asia, a testimony to the outstanding Nawar skills in crafts. Patan was founded around the 3rd century BC and flourished in the 16th - 18th century, when numerous very ornate structures were built in the city.
471 Pakari Brikshya Nepal, Lumbini Trees 5 Giant tree - weeping fig (Ficus benjamina). Circumference of its trunk reaches approximately 16 - 20 m but width of crown - 30 - 35 m.
472 Boole Tree United States, California Trees 4 Enormous giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum) with a girth of 24.3 m and height - 81.9 m.
473 General Grant Tree United States, California Trees 3 Third largest tree in the world - giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum) with a circumference of 27.8 m and height - 81.7 m.
474 Árbol del Tule Mexico, Oaxaca Trees 2 Montezuma cypress (Taxodium mucronatum) with a circumference of 36.2 m, what makes this species third stoutest in the world.
475 Cachoeira da Fumaça (Fumaca Waterfall) Brazil, Bahia Waterfalls 4 340 m tall waterfall with a single leap.
476 Rokeb di Firmihin Yemen, Soqatra Ecosystems 2 The last remnant of unique Dragon's Blood Tree forest which developed in isolation for more than 20 million years.
477 Manjang Cave South Korea, Jeju Caves 4 8,928 m long lava tube - one of the longest and most impressive lava caves in the world. This is show cave with numerous amazing lava formations including world's tallest lava column which is 7.6 m high.
478 Belfry of Cagsawa Church Philippines, Albay Churches 4 Ruins of Baroque church which was built in 1724 and destroyed by eruption in 1814. Some 200 people died inside the church.
479 Wulai Waterfall Taiwan, New Taipei City Waterfalls 5 Approximately 80 m tall waterfall which flows down along the cliffside of an impressive canyon.
480 A-Ma Temple China, Macau Other contemporary shrines, Buddhist shrines 5 This temple is older than Macau, built in 1488. It is devoted to sea goddess.
481 Palmyra Syria, Homs Abandoned cities and towns, Ancient cities and towns 2 Ruins of abandoned, one splendid caravan city. Palmyra was one of the richest and most sophisticated cities in the first centuries of our era.
482 Merv Turkmenistan, Mary Abandoned cities and towns, Ancient cities and towns 3 Ruins of one of the world's largest medieval cities. Founded in the 7th century BC as oasis city, later turned into influential centre of art, science and religion. Decline of Merv started in the early 13th century.
483 Kalta Minor, Khiva Uzbekistan, Xorazm Islamic shrines 4 29 m tall, massive base of unfinished minaret, works ended in 1855. Minaret is covered with glazed tiles in deep blue and other colors.
484 Mingora emerald mines (Swat emeralds) Pakistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province Gemstone finds 6 Several mines in Pakistan, Swat Valley where high quality emeralds are found. Emeralds here are small, with intense color and have been mined for millenia.
485 Shrine of Ali, Mazar-i-Sharif Afghanistan, Balkh Islamic shrines 3 One of the most beautiful structures in Afghanistan - a blue tiled mosque which was built in the 15th century above the purported grave of Ali ibn Abi Talib. Some through consider that here is buried Zoroaster.
486 Nimrud Iraq, Nineveh governorate Ancient cities and towns, Abandoned cities and towns 4 Ancient capital city of Assyrian Empire, flourished in 883 - 706 BC. Numerous works of art and treasures have been found here. In March 2015 the remnants are deliberately demolished by Islamic state.
487 Petra Jordan, Ma'an Ancient cities and towns, Abandoned cities and towns, Ancient and prehistoric cemeteries, Rock cut architecture 1 Remnants of unique, abandoned Nabatean city which was built by cutting structures in rock in narrow canyons in the 2nd century BC - 2nd century AD.
488 Masada Israel, South Ancient cities and towns, Abandoned cities and towns, City walls 2 Rock fortress of crucial importance to Jewish self-awareness. Fortress was built in the 1st century BC-1st century AD and in 73 AD captured by Romans. According to Roman sources almost all - 960 defenders of the fortress commited suicide.
489 Bala'a sinkhole (Baatara sinkhole) and waterfall Lebanon, North Sinkholes, Caves, Waterfalls, Natural arches 2 At least 255 m deep, nearly vertical cave which starts with some 70 m deep sinkhole. A waterfall flows in the cave and there are three natural arches at its entrance stacked one above other.
490 Batalha Monastery Portugal, Leiria Christian monasteries, Churches 2 Large, very ornate Gothic monastery and church, built in 1386 - 1517 to commemorate the victory over Castilians. Symbol of Aviz dynasty, main construction site in the late Medieval Portugal.
491 Risco Waterfall Portugal, Madeira Waterfalls 5 Some 100 m tall waterfall in pristine forests of Madeira. Waterfall has two tall, nearly vertical cascades.
492 Monte Brasil "Phoenician sanctuaries" Portugal, Azores Rock cut architecture, Ancient and prehistoric shrines 5 Rock cut chambers in the cliffs of ancient volcano. Chambers contain water cistern and a system of water channels. There exist theories that these chambers are temples created by ancient Phoenicians around the 4th century BC.
493 Gorham's Cave United Kingdom, Gibraltar Caves, Early human finds, Prehistoric and ancient shrines, Petroglyphs and rock art, Prehistoric cave and rock paintings 2 Some 100 m long cave of extremely high importance to science. Here have been found the most recent traces of the existance of Neanderthals some 24 thousand years ago. Cave was also an important shrine of Phoenicians, guarding the entrance to Atlantic Ocean.
494 Church of Santa Coloma d'Andorra Andorra Churches 4 Oldest church in Andorra, built in the 8th or 9th century. Church has fine belltower, built in the 12th century. Part of the 12th century murals have been preserved.
495 Monaco Cathedral Monaco Churches 5 Large cathedral in Neo-Romanesque style, built in 1903. The burial site for the rulers of Monaco. In the cathedral are important Renaissance works of art.
496 Assumption Cathedral in Volodymyr-Volynskyi Ukraine, Volyn Churches 5 Oldest building in Volyn, built in 1156 - 1160. Westernmost cathedral of Kievan Rus. Current building is a reconstruction done in 1900.
497 Mnajdra Malta, Southern Region Prehistoric and ancient shrines, Megaliths 2 One of world's oldest stone structures - a group of prehistoric temples built in 3600 - 2500 BC. Meghalitic temples have sophisticated architecture and, most likely, are aligned to Sun and stars.
498 Skellig Michael monastery Ireland, Kerry Christian monasteries 2 Well preserved early medieval monastery on a small island - rocky pyramid rising the rough seas west from Ireland. Monastery was inhabited starting from around 7th century to 13th century.
499 North-Western solfatara field of Shiashkotan Russia, Sakhalin Oblast Springs, Geothermal fields, Fumaroles, Geysers 5 Geothermal field with several hot springs with some characteristics of geysers. Most impressive springs are Chornij Drakon, Geizernij and Burljaschij which spout water up to 1.5 m high.
500 Ventas Rumba (Venta Rapids) Latvia, Kurzeme Waterfalls 4 The widest waterfall in Latvia and Europe, up to 275 m wide but only 2 m high.

Featured:

Guinea: Mount Nimba

Landscape in Mount Nimba, Guinea
Landscape in Mount Nimba / Chad K, / public domain

Beautiful... and very endangered is Mount Nimba. This ancient mountain range is a treasure trove for biologists with hundreds of very rare species - and, unfortunately, this mountain consists of high grade iron ore.

United Arab Emirates: Sheikh Zayed Mosque, Abu Dhabi

Sheikh Zayed Mosque in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
Sheikh Zayed Mosque in Abu Dhabi / Andrew Xu, , CC BY-SA 2.0

The new Sheikh Zayed Mosque testifies the ambitions of Abu Dhabi to become a regional centre of culture and religion.

It is one of the most beautiful religious buildings of modern times and it represents a vision of strong and harmonious Arabic society, assured to be tolerant to other religions and cultures.

Lesotho: Maletsunyane Falls

Maletsunyane Falls, Lesotho
Maletsunyane Falls / BagelBelt, Wikimedia Commons, public domain

The best known natural landmark in Lesotho is Maletsunyane waterfall. It belongs to top-league waterfalls of the world due to its impressive height (192 m), magnificent setting, rather wide stream and "clean", uninterrupted fall.

Botswana: Kubu Island (Ga'nnyo)

Kubu Island, Botswana
Kubu Island / abi.bhattachan, Flickr, CC BY 2.0.

Kubu Island is unusual place: a granite island with giant baobabs and mysterious ruins rising over seemingly endless, white salt flats.

Angola: Kalandula Falls

Kalandula Falls, Angola
Kalandula Falls in dry season / Paulo César Santos, Wikimedia Commons, CC0 1.0

Kalandula Falls belong to largest waterfalls of Africa. This waterfall is 410 m wide and (possibly) up to 105 m tall.

Spain: Santiago de Compostela Cathedral

Obradoiro facade of Santiago de Compostela Cathedral, Spain
Santiago de Compostela Cathedral / sedoglia, , CC BY 2.0

It was long ago and no one knows for sure how this happened - but may be the roots of modern Western Europe start exactly in Santiago de Compostela. According to legends here is buried Saint James who brought Christianity to this part of the world and the gorgeous Santiago de Compostela Cathedral is built over his grave.

Tanzania: Dendrosenecio woodlands on Mt. Kilimanjaro

Mist in Dendrosenecio kilimanjari woodland, Tanzania
Mist in Dendrosenecio forest / Brendon, / CC BY 2.0

The amazing Dendrosenecio woodlands near the top of Kilimanjaro mountain belong to the most unusual woodlands in the world. The breathtaking landscape here is adorned with alien looking plants - giant groundsels and lobelias.

Central African Republic: Boali Falls

Boali Falls, Central African Republic
Boali Falls / The EITI, / CC BY-SA 2.0

Boali Falls belong to the best known landmarks in Central African Republic. This impressive waterfall is some 50 m high and 250 m wide.

Morocco: Msoura stone circle (Mezorah Ring)

Msoura (Mezorah Ring) in 1830, Morocco
Msoura stone circle (Mezorah Ring) in 1830 / Arthur de Capell Brooke, Sketches in Spain and Morocco, Volume II, 1831.

Not too far from Tanger is located mysterious and impressive megalith - Msoura stone circle. In the middle of this ring is located enormous mound - burial.

Libya: Leptis Magna

Theatre, Leptis Magna in Libya
Theatre in Leptis Magna / Rob Glover, Flickr, CC BY-SA 2.0.

One of the best preserved Ancient Roman cities in the world (next to Palmyra, Jerash, Herculanum and Pompeii) is Leptis Magna in Libya. It is beautiful tourist destination - extensive ruins, numerous art values and no hordes of tourists.

Senegal: Gorée Island (Goree)

Gorée Island from the air, Senegal
Gorée Island from the air, as seen from the west / Ji-Elle, , public domain

Africa has many interesting island cities - small islands which are covered with historical buildings. Gorée Island - predecessor of Dakar - though is one of the oldest, best preserved and interesting colonial cities in Africa.

Côte d'Ivoire: Basilica of Our Lady of Peace of Yamoussoukro

Basilica of Our Lady of Peace of Yamoussoukro, Côte d'Ivoire
Basilica of Our Lady of Peace of Yamoussoukro / Willy Stephane Awaho, / CC BY 2.0

The largest basilica in the world - Basilica of Our Lady of Peace of Yamoussoukro - was financed by the president of Côte d'Ivoire Félix Houphouët-Boigny. It was built in his birthplace - current capital of the country.

China: Kanas Lake Monsters

Unusual Kanas Lake, China
The unusual color of Kanas Lake / kudumomo, / CC BY 2.0

There are no doubts that some enormous animals live in Kanas Lake - possibly the largest freshwater fishes in the world. Nevertheless their existence has not been proved yet.

Azerbaijan: Tnjri (Skhtorashen plane-tree)

Tnjri - giant plane-tree, Azerbaijan
Tnjri - possibly the world's largest plane-tree / Norayr Ghazaryan, , CC BY-SA 3.0

Most likely the largest plane-tree (Platanus orientalis L.) in the world grows in Karabakh. This tree, reportedly, is more than 2,030 years old and its trunk has a circumference of 27 m.

Sri Lanka: Somawathie Stupa - the site of mystery

Mysterious light effects above Somawathie Stupa, Sri Lanka
Mysterious light effects above Somawathie Stupa / Screenshot from Youtube movie somawathi budu ras malawa, most likely filmed in 2013.

It happened in 1947 when Buddhist monk Sirimalwatte Piyaratana Thera with some other monks walked through remote jungle in the northern part of Sri Lanka. They noticed a bright ray of light rising from the jungle towards the sky. As they reached this light, they discovered an ancient stupa covered with jungle. Thus the legendary and mysterious Somawathie Stupa was rediscovered two millenia after its construction.

Malaysia: Garden of Eden

Garden of Eden as seen from Deer Cave, Malaysia
Garden of Eden as seen from Deer Cave / Gido, / CC BY 2.0

There exists Garden of Eden! But in order to reach it one should walk through one of the greatest cave passages in the world! This wonder is found in the spectacular Gunung Mulu mountains, in Borneo.

Brazil: Caracol Falls

Caracol Falls in sunset, Brazil
Caracol Falls in sunset / Gabriel Figueiredo Fontes, Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 3.0

One of the most beautiful waterfalls in Brazil is Caracol Falls. This 131 m tall waterfall by far is not the tallest or largest but it has a rare quality - there are excellent viewpoints where the beauty of Caracol Falls and surrounding forests and mountains can be observed.

Bangladesh: Mahasthangarh

Ruins of Mahasthangarh, Bangladesh
Ruins of Mahasthangarh / P.K.Niyogi, Wikimedia Commons, public domain

True wonder of the ancient past of Bangladesh is Mahasthangarh. This enormous city was founded at 300 BC or even earlier and served as a capital of Pundravardhana state.

Australia: Giant Tingle Tree ("Hollow trunk")

Giant Tingle Tree, Western Australia
Giant Tingle Tree with a person in front of the tree / Amanda Slater, Flickr, CC BY-SA 2.0.

In the southern part of Western Australia is found unique subtropical forest - Valley of the Giants. Here grow some of the largest trees in the world, including the Giant Tingle Tree.

Antarctica: Airdevronsix icefall

Airdevronsix icefall, Antarctica
The fantastic Airdevronsix icefall from 17.5 km distance! Warren icefall is seen in the left side / P.Wright, US Geological Survey, public domain

You may think that you know all about the greatest natural landmarks of our planet... But have you heard about Airdevronsix icefall - 5 km wide and 400 m tall icefall?

Colombia: Caño Cristales

Caño Cristales, Colombia
Caño Cristales with waterfall and the red Macarenia clavigera. September 2012 / Mario Carvajal, / CC BY-SA 3.0

On the ancient Serrania de la Macarena tableland in Colombia is found one of the most spectacular rivers in the world - Caño Cristales. Bottom of this river is colored in seemingly unnatural, gaudy colors.

United States: General Grant Tree

General Grant Tree sometimes around 1936, California
General Grant Tree sometimes around 1936 / George A. Grant, / public domain

Those who have seen this tree say that no images, numbers or descriptions can create the real life impression. General Grant Tree by all accounts is an unforgettable view - this is the third largest tree in the world, a giant sequoia with a circumference of 27.8 m and height of 81.5 m.

Mexico: Árbol del Tule

Árbol del Tule, Mexico
Tree is 1,400 - 1,600 years old / Fernando Tapia Rodríguez, / CC BY-SA 2.0

One of main tourist attractions in the Mexican state of Oaxaca is an amazing tree - Árbol del Tule (Tule Tree). This Montezuma cypress at the breast height has a circumference of 36.2 m, thus making this species third stoutest in the world.

Syria: Palmyra

Ruins of Palmyra, Syria
Ruins of Palmyra, temple of Bel / Paul Stocker, / CC BY 2.0

One of the richest and most sophisticated cities of antiquity was Palmyra. Today one can only imagine what impression this beautiful city left on caravans after long walk through the desert.

Uzbekistan: Kalta Minor, Khiva

Kalta Minor in Khiva, Uzbekistan
Kalta Minor in Khiva / Fulvio Spada, / CC BY-SA 2.0

One of the last great buildings in the great Khanate of Khiva was Kalta Minor. This had to be the tallest structure in Khiva and even in the whole Central Asia. Works ended abruptly in 1855, leaving this beautiful minaret unfinished.

Jordan: Petra

Al Khazneh, Petra in Jordan
Al Khazneh, Petra. / Sylvain L., / CC BY 2.0

There are hundreds of magnificent ancient cities around the world but none is similar to Petra. This amazing city was developed by Nabateans in the labyrinth of narrow cliff canyons and some of the most beautiful structures were directly cut in the sandstone cliff.

Israel: Masada

Masada fortress, Israel
Masada fortress. Double fortification wall around the plateau is well visible. / Israeltourism, / CC BY 2.0

Best known monument of the Jewish resistance against foreign occupation is Masada - an impressive fortress not far from the Dead Sea. According to ancient writings 960 Jews killed themselves here, when Romans managed to take this fortress in 73 AD.

Portugal: Batalha Monastery

Batalha Monastery, Portugal
Batalha Monastery / Dr. Emerson Costa, , CC BY 2.0

Batalha Monastery is not just a monastery - it is a lot more than this, a monument to the unity of nation and union with England, an expression of the power of Aviz dynasty and above all - a wonderful monument of architecture and art.

Gibraltar: Gorham's Cave

Entrance in Gorham's Cave, Gibraltar
Entrance in Gorham's Cave - the last refuge of Neanderthals / Gibmetal77, / CC BY 3.0

The impressive Rock of Gibraltar hides many secrets but some of the most intriguing are linked to Gorham's Cave. This could be the last refuge of another human species - Neanderthals and this cave was also a shrine of Phoenicians, guarding the entrance in Atlantic Ocean.

Ukraine: Assumption Cathedral in Volodymyr-Volynskyi

Assumption Cathedral in Volodymyr-Volynskyi, Ukraine
Assumption Cathedral in Volodymyr-Volynskyi / Viacheslav Galievskyi, Wikimedia Commons, CC BY-SA 4.0

Not too far from the Polish borders is located one of the oldest extant buildings in Ukraine - Assumption Cathedral in Volodymyr-Volynskyi. This is a resurrected monument from the times before the Mongol invasions, the westernmost cathedral of Kievan Rus.