Here are listed monuments and attractions No. 501 - 600 described in this Website.
Click on headings to sort the table!
|501||Hvalsey Fjord Church||Greenland, Kujalleq||Churches||3||Best preserved Norse church in Greenland and America, built around 1300 AD. Some granite blocks of this church are more than 5 tons heavy.|
|502||Kefrida Falls||Algeria, Béjaïa||Waterfalls||4||Lower of the three falls, 44 m tall waterfall which ends in a small lake. Beloved tourist attraction.|
|503||Syri i Kalter (Blue Eye)||Albania, Vlorë||Springs, Caves||3||The most powerful spring in Albania, discharging from a deep blue pool which is more than 50 m deep. Average discharge - 6 000 l/s.|
|504||NW Eifuku Champagne Vent||Northern Mariana Islands, Northern Islands||Geothermal fields, Fumaroles, Springs||5||A submarine vent which emits almost pure liquid carbon dioxide at 1,600 m depth. Such phenomenon is known in three places on Earth and at Eifuku it is most abundant.|
|505||Tugela Falls||South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal||Waterfalls||2||The second tallest waterfall in the world. Total height of falls is 948 metres and the largest single drop is 411 metres tall.|
|506||Wadi El Rayan Falls||Egypt, Faiyum||Waterfalls||5||Largest waterfall in Egypt, a group of 10 m tall cascades on a 6 - 10 m wide river. Waterfall and its stream are manmade.|
|507||Kaive Oak||Latvia, Kurzeme||Trees||5||Tree with the largest girth in Latvia - at 1.3 m height this oak (Quercus robur) has a circumference of 10.4 m.|
|508||Caverne Patate||Mauritius, Rodrigues||Caves, Fossil finds, Hidden treasure||4||The longest cave in Mauritius, 1 140 m long. In the cave have been found remnants of recently extinct animals.|
|509||Horsetail Fall in Yosemite Valley||United States, California||Waterfalls||3||Seasonal waterfall, some 630 m tall, the tallest drop - 480 m. In February each year, if weather allows, the fall is illuminated by the sunset, creating an eerie illusion of falling fire.|
|510||Yasuni Forest||Ecuador, Orellana and Pastaza||Ecosystems||2||Most likely this is the most biodiverse place in the world with unsurpassed number of tree, reptile, freshwater fish, insect species. In this rainforest live also uncontacted people.|
|511||Mount Bosavi Crater||Papua New Guinea, Southern Highlands||Ecosystems, Volcanoes||4||Forested volcano which is isolated from other highlands of Papua New Guinea. Here in the montane forests live numerous species of plants and animals which are not met anywhere else in the world, including a giant rat and fish which emits grunting noise.|
|512||Bisi Falls (Wasi falls)||Papua New Guinea, Southern Highlands||Waterfalls, Springs||3||Very impressive, some 100 m tall and 90 m wide waterfall with huge amount of water. Next to it are numerous spring waterfalls which form some 200 m wide weil of falling water.|
|513||Palm Valley, Northern Territory||Australia, Northern Territory||Ecosystems||3||Valley in the central deserts of Australia with permanent springs. Here grows a rare palm Livistona mariae - the only place where palms grow in the central part of Australia. This palm most likely was brought by people some 15 - 30 thousand years ago.|
|514||Sima Aonda||Venezuela, Bolívar||Sinkholes||2||383 m deep sinkhole, the deepest in Venezuela. This giant sinkhole has formed in siliceous rocks and is traversed by a river, which soon after the sinkhole emerges in the vertical wall of Auyan Tepui, forming a 100 m tall waterfall.|
|515||Blakitnaja Krynica (Blue Well)||Belarus, Magileu Region||Springs, Prehistoric and ancient shrines||5||The most powerful spring in Belarus with an output of 60 litres per second. Ancient shrine.|
|516||Abismo Guy Collet||Brazil, Amazonas||Caves||4||World's deepest cave in quartzites, 671 m deep. Located on Serra do Aracá - impressive tableland which rises tall above the Amazonian rainforest.|
|517||Eldorado Falls||Brazil, Amazonas||Waterfalls||3||Tallest waterfall in Brazil, 353 m tall, with a single, almost vertical plunge.|
|518||Desabamento Falls||Brazil, Amazonas||Waterfalls||5||Very tall waterfall in Brazil, falling with a single, approximately 200 m tall leap over the rim of Serra do Aracá. Below the falls has formed a large, steep slide in bright orange-brown color - possible sinter formation.|
|519||Gouina Falls||Mali, Kayes||Waterfalls||4||Impressive waterfall - approximately 500 m wide and 16 m high. Sometimes it is called - Niagara of Mali.|
|520||Rabbitkettle Tufa Mounds||Canada, Northwest Territories||Spring tufa, travertine and other formations, Thermal springs||3||The most impressive travertine terraces in Canada - two large tufa mounds with hundreds of rimstone pools formed by thermal (20 - 21° C) springs.|
|521||Hammam Meskhoutine (Hammam Meskoutine) springs||Algeria, Guelma||Spring tufa, travertine and other formations, Thermal springs||3||Large travertine mound created by very hot, powerful springs. Mound is approximately 30 m tall, with rimstones. Site of legends.|
|522||Gocta Falls||Peru, Amazonas||Waterfalls||2||771 m tall waterfall, one of the tallest and most impressive ones in the world. Waterfall has two main drops, the tallest one is 540 m tall.|
|523||Onneto Hot Falls and springs (Yuno-taki waterfall)||Japan, Hokkaidō||Mineral springs, Thermal springs, Waterfalls, Ecosystems||4||Unique springs with some 30 m tall, 47 degrees hot waterfall. Here is ongoing the formation of manganese mine and the site serves as a unique natural laboratory for the exploration of this process.|
|524||Gdańsk St. Mary's Church||Poland, Pomerania||Churches||3||Third largest brick church in the world and the largest Lutheran church in the world in the 16th - early 20th century. Built in Gothic style in 1379 - 1502.|
|525||Daallo Frankincense Forest||Somalia, Sanaag||Ecosystems||5||Unique forest in the rainiest place of Somalia. Here grow pure stands of the legendary Coptic Frankincense trees, the forest is fragrant.|
|526||Monemvasia||Greece, Peloponnese||Cities and towns, City walls||4||Medieval fortification - walled town on island, founded in 582 - 583 AD. One of the last standing Byzantian and Venetian fortresses, a living museum with more than 40 old churches and numerous old residential buildings.|
|527||St. Peter's Basilica||Vatican||Churches||1||One of the most important structures in the world: giant church which was constructed in 1506 - 1626 and represents an outstanding monument of Renaissance art and architecture. Devoted to Saint Peter - the founder of Christian church who, according to legends, is buried under the basilica.|
|528||San Marino Basilica||San Marino||Churches||6||The main church in San Marino, holding the relics of Saint Marinus - founder of the state. Fine example of Neo-Classical architecture, built in 1838.|
|529||Echternach Basilica||Luxembourg, Grevenmacher||Churches||5||Church at the oldest Anglo-Saxon monastery in continental Europe which was founded in 700 AD. The first church was built here before 700 AD, it has been rebuilt several times, last time in 1953 in Romanesque style.|
|530||Tournai Cathedral||Belgium, Hainaut||Churches||2||The largest church in Belgium, outstanding monument of architecture, built in 1110 - 1255. One of the greatest achievements of Romanesque architecture and inspiration for the Gothic style.|
|531||Church of St. Anne in Vilnius||Lithuania, Vilnius||Churches||3||Small un almost unique church in Flamboyant Gothic style, built in 1495 - 1500. It has been built from brick, forming intricate and beautiful facade from this material.|
|532||Rhine Falls||Switzerland, Schaffhausen and Zürich||Waterfalls||2||Second most powerful waterfall in the mainland of Europe, 150 m wide and 23 m high.|
|533||Saharna Falls (Gipsy Hole)||Moldova, Rezina||Waterfalls||6||Approximately 5 - 8 m tall waterfall in ravine, with large plunge pool under it.|
|534||Eisriesenwelt||Austria, Salzburg||Caves||2||World's largest ice cave. Total length of cave exceeds 42 km. First kilometre of the cave is lined with beautiful ice formations.|
|535||Prohodna||Bulgaria, Lovech||Caves||3||Giant tunnel - cave, which is 262 m long and has up to 45 m tall entrance. Cave has a striking feature - two giant openings in the ceiling which are shaped like eyes and named - Eyes of God.|
|536||St. Vitus Cathedral||Czech Republic, Prague||Churches||2||Largest church in Czech Republic, outstanding Gothic cathedral which influenced Late Gothic style around Europe.|
|537||Voroneţ Monastery and Saint George Church||Romania, Suceava||Christian monasteries, Churches||2||Possibly the best known Moldavian painted monastery with an ornate church which is covered with frescoes inside and outside. Monastery was constructed in 1488 in local style - unique fusion of Gothic, Renaissance and Byzantines styles.|
|538||Ochtinská Aragonite Cave||Slovakia, Košice||Caves||3||The best known aragonite cave which is covered with very unusual crystals. Cave is only 300 m long.|
|539||Tallest yellow meranti tree, Maliau Basin||Malaysia, Sabah||Trees||3||89.5 m tall yellow meranti (Shorea faguetiana) - one of the tallest trees in the world.|
|540||Gorno Nerezi St. Panteleimon church and monastery||Macedonia, Skopje||Churches, Christian monasteries||4||This Byzantine church and monastery around it were built in 1164. Interior of the church is adorned with beautiful frescoes - splendid example of late Byzantine art which in many aspects precedes the Italian Renaissance.|
|541||Szepvolgyi System (Pál-völgy Cave)||Hungary, Budapest||Caves||4||Longest cave system in Hungary - 30.1 km long cave system only some 3 - 4 km from the centre of Budapest.|
|542||Mileševa Monastery||Serbia, Zlatibor||Christian monasteries||3||Medieval monastery of Serbian Orthodox church, important centre of knowledge. In the church is one of the most famous frescoes in Serbia - White Angel.|
|543||Pliva Waterfall||Bosnia and Herzegovina, Central Bosnia||Waterfalls||3||Large and picturesque, 22 m tall and some 50 m wide waterfall in the centre of Jajce city. Waterfall has formed on travertine and has been reinforced by concrete.|
|544||Hiilawe Waterfall||United States, Hawaii||Waterfalls||3||Powerful 442 m high waterfall in the legendary Waipio Valley. One of the most impressive waterfalls in Hawaii.|
|545||Wall of Tears, Maui||United States, Hawaii||Waterfalls||2||Group of waterfalls which slide down along a steep side of impressive, green canyon. Height of falls reaches up to 488 m.|
|546||Waihilau Falls||United States, Hawaii||Waterfalls||2||Very tall waterfall which consists of four parallel threads of water sliding down along very steep cliff. Waterfall is roughly 792 m tall.|
|547||Waipoo Falls||United States, Hawaii||Waterfalls||3||Magnificent 244 m tall waterfall in the Grand Canyon of Hawaii - Waimea Canyon.|
|548||Wailua Falls||United States, Hawaii||Waterfalls||4||Beautiful double-tiered waterfall, some 26 m tall.|
|549||Coober Pedy||Australia, South Australia||Cities and towns, Rock cut architecture||4||Opal mining city which was established circa 1916 - 1917. Due to the extreme heat major part of the buildings are built underground and most people here live below the ground.|
|550||Sveti Stefan||Montenegro, Budva||Cities and towns, City walls||4||Fortified Venetian trade port - town which covers small island in Adriatic. This 15th century town has been turned into resort.|
|551||Hranice Abyss (Hranicka Propast)||Czech Republic, Olomouc||Caves, Sinkholes, Lakes, Geographical extremes||3||Cave with the world's deepest known cave lake. Lake is more than 404 m deep, total known depth of the cave is 473.5 m.|
|552||Visoki Dečani Monastery||Kosovo, Gjakova||Christian monasteries||3||Important Serbian Orthodox monastery which was built in 1327 - 1335 in Serbian Byzantine style. Interior of the church is adorned with the largest gallery of Serbian medieval art - murals with thousands of compositions.|
|553||Hisarya walled Roman town||Bulgaria, Plovdiv||Ancient cities and towns, City walls||4||Well preserved remnants of once important Roman resort with very impressive, up to 13 m tall city walls. City developed since the prehistoric times around thermal springs.|
|554||Cave of the Crystals, Naica||Mexico, Chihuahua||Caves, Geographical extremes||1||Small cave with giant, up to 12 m long gypsum crystals, some of the largest crystals in the world.|
|555||Huanglong Valley||China, Sichuan||Spring tufa, travertine and other formations, Thermal springs||1||Most impressive travertine terraces in the world - 3.6 km long system of diverse travertine formations in beautiful colors.|
|556||Dragon Hole||South China Sea, Paracel Islands||Sinkholes||3||The deepest underwater sinkhole in the world, 300.89 m deep.|
|557||Tallest Giant Sequoia in Converse Basin||United States, California||Trees||7||The tallest known giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum), 95.8 m tall.|
|558||Tallest Shorea tree, Danum Valley||Malaysia, Sabah||Trees||3||94.1 m tall Shorea sp. - one of the tallest trees in the world.|
|559||Virginia Falls||Canada, Northwest Territories||Waterfalls||2||One of the most powerful waterfalls in the world, 90 m tall and up to 259 m wide.|
|560||St. Magnus Cathedral in Kirkwall||United Kingdom, Scotland||Churches||4||Northernmost cathedral in British Isles, magnificent example of Norman architecture. Construction started in 1137.|
|561||Kawah Ijen||Indonesia, East Java||Volcanoes, Lakes||3||Volcanic crater which contains world's largest lake of acid and rich find of sulphur. In the night the sulphurous gases burn with impressive blue flames.|
|562||Multnomah Falls||United States, Oregon||Waterfalls||3||The tallest waterfall in Oregon - gorgeous, 194 m tall waterfall with several drops.|
|563||Giant Forest, California||United States, California||Ecosystems||1||The best known grove of giant sequoias. In this forest are located five of the ten largest (by volume) trees on the planet.|
|564||Lake Bonney, Antarctica||Antarctica||Lakes, Ecosystems, Rare materials||4||Saline lake which is permanently covered with ice. East lobe of this lake is oversaturated with nitrous oxide - "laughing gas" and dimethylsulfoxide. Another part of lake contains huge amount of dimethylsulfide - possibly produced by microorganisms.|
|565||Usterling Growing Rock (Johannisfelsen)||Germany, Bavaria||Spring tufa, travertine and other formations, Springs||4||Almost unique natural landmark - a naturally formed tufa wall with a stream flowing along its upper rim - tufa runnel or fissure ridge. This wall is 37 m long and up to 5.4 m tall.|
|566||Daikoku Sulfur Cauldron||Northern Mariana Islands, Northern Island Municipality||Volcanoes, Lakes, Geothermal fields, Ecosystems, Animal colonies||3||One of the few lakes of liquid sulfur discovered on Earth. Lake is covered with black crust and contains pure sulfur at the temperature of 187° C.|
|567||Oklo Mines||Gabon, Haut-Ogooué||Rare natural materials||4||The only known place on Earth where natural nuclear reactor formed. It was active approximately 1.7 billion years ago and produced at lest 15,000 MW of energy per year.|
|568||Ikaite tufa columns in Ikka Fjord||Greenland, Sermersooq||Rare natural materials, Rock spires, Submarine springs||4||Almost unique natural landmark: up to 18 m tall submarine tufa columns which are formed from ikaite - mineral which disintegrates if water is not cold.|
|569||Patomskiy Crater||Russia, Irkustk Oblast||Volcanoes||3||Unusual crater - 40 m tall and 160 m wide mound/ring of limestone blocks with a smaller mound inside. Most likely it was created by gaseous eruption some centuries ago, although it has not been proved yet.|
|570||Ol Doinyo Lengai||Tanzania, Arusha||Volcanoes||3||The only known active carbonatite volcano in the world. These unique lavas turn snow white, thus the volcano looks quite unusual.|
The largest (thickest) tree in Latvia and Baltic States is Kaive Oak - a beautiful tree which has a circumference of 10.4 m.
Images of Horsetail Fall in Yosemite Valley create a sensation in social networks almost every year. For a few days in a year in February it shines in the light of the setting Sun and, it seems, it even emits an eerie light!
There are no palms in the extensive deserts of central Australia... except for Palm Valley and some places near it. This small, picturesque valley is a unique oasis with hundreds of animal and plant species and quite a few are found only here - nowhere else in the world.
As if having world's tallest waterfall (see Angel Falls) is not enough, the spectacular Ayan Tepui has many more wonders of nature. Sima Aonda is one of them - a 383 m deep hole near the rim of the giant wall, with a cave stream flowing through it. This is the deepest sinkhole in Venezuela.
Although there are reports about taller waterfalls in Brazil, Eldorado Falls currently are declared to be the tallest ones. These 353 m (at least) tall falls are truly spectacular and are located in spectacular natural setting.
The amazing Hammam Meskhoutine springs are well known since the antiquity. These hot springs have formed numerous amazing travertine formations including approximately 30 m tall mound with beautiful rimstone pools and petrified waterfalls.
For several long centuries the largest Lutheran church in the world was Gdańsk St. Mary's Church - an enormous structure built from brick in Gothic style.
Which building is the most important in the world? One of the contenders for this title is Saint Peter's Basilica. This giant church tells tales about the limitless power of the religion and politics and above all - about the immense creativity of humans.
One of the major rivers of Europe has a waterfall on it - and, of course, this is one of the largest waterfalls in Europe. These are the magnificent Rhine Falls in Switzerland - some 23 m tall and 150 m wide.
The gorgeous Prague has it all... even one of the greatest Gothic cathedrals in the world! Construction of St. Vitus Cathedral lasted for centuries and, most likely, many generations dreamed to see it completed. We have this privilege now.
Dramatic events and agreement between two outstanding historical personalities led to the construction of one of the most beautiful buildings in this part of Europe - Voroneț Monastery with its gorgeous Saint George Church. Thanks to the frescoes on the outer walls of the church it is nicknamed by some: "Sixtine Chapel of the East".
One of the most spectacular waterfalls in Hawaii is Hiilawe Waterfall - spectacular 442 m tall waterfall majestically sliding down along the steep cliff.
Hawaii Islands have their own Grand Canyon - Waimea Canyon. Contrary to the real Grand Canyon, Waimea Canyon is adorned with an enormous waterfall - the 244 m tall Waipoo Falls.
It is possible that entrails of the Earth hide more caves like this - but up to this day Cave of the Crystals is unique. The chamber of this improbable cave is adorned with phantasmagoric crystals of incredible size - it looks like a surreal fantastic movie about other planets but it is real and here - on Earth!
One of the most unusual volcanoes on the world is Kawah Ijen. It contains the largest lake of acid in the world but especially impressive are the eerie blue flames around the solfataras in the crater - an unforgettable sight in the night.
Sometimes humans can help the nature in creation of its wonders and Usterling Growing Rock in Bavaria is one of such cases. Thanks to centuries long effort there has developed a highly unusual formation - natural, up to 5.4 m tall stone wall with stream flowing along its upper rim