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Kalandula Falls

Kalandula Falls, Angola
Kalandula Falls in dry season / Paulo César Santos, Wikimedia Commons, CC0 1.0

Main characteristics

Coordinates: 9.0740 S 16.0005 E
No:417        (list of all attractions)
Category:Waterfalls
Values:Geology, Visual
Rank:3
Address:Africa, Angola, Malanje Province, east from Calandula
Name in Portuguese:Quedas de Kalandula
Alternate names:Calandula Falls, Duque de Bragança Falls, Dianzundu Falls
Height:105 m (?)
Width:410 m (580 m at floods)
Average annual flow:566 m3/s (1)
Stream:Lucala
Kalandula Falls, Angola
Waterfall is eroding the cliff. Could this fall really be 105 m tall? / L.Willms, Wikimedia Commons, CC BY-SA 3.0

Kalandula Falls belong to the largest waterfalls of Africa. This waterfall is 410 m wide and (possibly) up to 105 m tall.

Falls have formed on Lucala river, the largest tributary of Kwanza.

The stream of this horseshoe shaped waterfall is divided into countless smaller trickles by the crevices and boulders at the rim of falls. As a result Kalandula Falls have their own, very special beauty, they differ from any other large waterfall of the world. The stream is eroding the cliff, large boulders and smaller rubble often falls down together with water.

Tourist handbooks often mention that falls are 105 m (or a bit more) tall. On images this waterfall though seems lower.

The eternal vapour of falls has sustained a small oasis of rainforest around the river. In rainy period (February to April) this waterfall is especially impressive - then the stream becomes powerful, falls are up to 580 m wide. Mist of falls then is seen from afar.

Although Kalandula Falls belong to most spectacular falls of the world, here are no ticket offices, railings, souvenirs and hordes of tourists.

Lucala valley from Kalandula Falls, Angola
Lucala river below the falls / L.Willms, Wikimedia Commons, CC BY-SA 3.0

It has not been like this in earlier times - earlier here operated a hotel with carefully moved lawn up to the rim of falls. Before the independence of Angola in 1975 falls were named after Duke of Braganza - one of the highest titles of Portuguese noblility.

Map

See Kalandula Falls on the map of Angola!

References

  1. Kalandula Falls, World Waterfall Database. Accessed in 08.07.2013.

Landmarks of Angola

Pungo Andongo, Angola
Pungo Andongo / Paulo César Santos, Wikimedia Commons, CC0 1.0

Highlights of Angola could be the otherwordly cliff formations - such as Pungo Andongo and Tundavala cliffs with ravines. Scientifically important are archaeological landmarks left by many local cultures - but it seems that many discoveries are still to be made. Country has gorgeous waterfalls and also interesting examples of Portuguese colonial architecture.

Waterfalls and rapids

Iguazu Falls from air
Iguazu Falls from air. Brazil to the right, Argentina - to the left / Gorkaazk, Wikimedia Commons, CC BY 3.0

Some of the most fascinating and awe inspiring natural monuments are waterfalls, or locations where a river abruptly changes its elevation.

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