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Guam

Main attractions

Guam, sunset
Guam, sunset / Takuya Asada, / CC BY 2.0

Guam – the largest island in Micronesia – is 541,3 km² large. The landscape of this island has been modified to a large extent by US military bases and multiple settlements but nonetheless there have been preserved interesting natural and archaeological landmarks.

Highlights of Guam are:

  • Caves with petroglyphs and cliff paintings. Petroglyphs of Guam might seem not too spectacular but some of them are truly interesting and mysterious.
  • Karst features. Island has very high number of caves, sinkholes and powerful springs.
  • Latte stone sites. Here and there in the jungle still are found mysterious megalithic structures of Chamorro people – latte stones.

Natural landmarks

Caves and sinkholes

  • Amantes Pit Cave – northeastern part. A narrow, 6 m wide and 45 m deep pit - a hole in otherwise flat meadow.
  • Matt’s Cave – northern part. Large submarine cave, explored length – 200 m, going up to 65 m deep below the sea level.
  • Piggy Cave – northeastern part. A 120 m long cave with pools and waterfalls.
  • Tarague natural wells – northern part. A group of eight sinkholes with vertical walls. Sinkholes are up to 20 m deep, reaching up to 12 m below the sea level.

Springs

  • Coconut Crab Cave spring – northern part. Powerful spring, discharging 225 l of fresh water per second in the ocean. Located at sea level.
  • Janum Spring – northeastern part. A powerful spring, discharging directly in ocean. It contains a high quality water, which after heavy rain might become reddish.
  • Natural Arch Spring – northern part. A collapsed cave with a large natural arch at the sea. Powerful spring flows in the ocean.

Waterfalls

Talofofo Falls, Guam
Talofofo Falls / bmarmie, / CC BY 2.0
  • Cetti Falls – southwestern Guam. Beautiful set of 7 waterfalls.
  • Sigua Falls – central Guam, south from Hagåtña. Beautiful, impressive waterfall.
  • Talofofo Falls – 9 m tall, fine waterfall on Ugum River.
  • Tarzan Falls – south from Hagåtña. Waterfall with five steps, the lower one is 12 m tall, in a beautiful jungle setting.

Other natural landmarks

  • Limestone forest – northern part, in the area of Andersen Air Force Base. Last remnants of the original tropical forest of Guam. Contains many rare and endemic species of plants.
  • No Can Fracture – northwestern part. Very narrow canyon. At the base of this canyon is water – freshwater above and salt water below.
  • Rock of Fu’una in Fouha Bay – southeastern part. 45 m tall rock spire. Site of legends – according to Chamorran stories here is the resting place of goddess Fu’una – creator of the world.
  • Serianthes nelsonii tree in Ritidian Point – northern part. The only mature specimen of this species of tree in Guam.

Man made landmarks

Megalithic monuments

  • Latte Stone Park – Hagåtña. Archaeological park, where eight latte stones are displayed, transferred here from the other parts of Guam. Latte stones are prehistoric megalithic structures – large, erect stones with a rounded capstone on them. The rounded capstone has a flat top. It is speculated that latte stones formed a foundation of houses. There are some 270 sites with latte stones in Guam.
  • Urunao beach latte stones – northern part of island. A group of megalithic structures – latte stones in their original setting. This is the site of an ancient village, with wells.

Petroglyph sites

  • Gadao’s Cave – southeastern part. A cave named after a legendary chief Gadao, contains some 50 prehistoric petroglyphs and white cliff paintings. These petroglyphs represent human drawings, diverse undeciphered symbols, one drawing shows a fish.
  • Ritidian burial Caves and Starcave complex – northern part of island. Cave with amazing petroglyphs from sometimes around 1000 AD. Some authors consider that one of them depicts constellation of Orion and other - stars.
  • Talagi Cave – northern part. A cave with petroglyphs near the site of prehistoric village. 13 petroglyph are visible now, most show people.
  • Talofofo Caves – southeastern part. A system of six caves with prehistoric petroglyphs. One of caves has a natural arch - Talofofo's Kissing Rock. Many petroglyphs show stars in the sky and may have served to memorize the stars for orientation during the sea voyages.

Other man made landmarks

Puntan Hugua Humaguiya, Guam
Puntan Hugua Humaguiya - Two Lover's Point / Aaron Headly, / CC BY 2.0
  • Agana Spanish Bridge – Hagåtña. Old bridge, built of stone and concrete in 1800.
  • Gef Pa’go cultural village – southeastern part. An ethnographical village which illustrates the material culture of Chamorro people.
  • Puntan Hugua Humaguiya (Puntan Dos Amantes, Two Lover’s Point) – northern part. A spectacular, 115 m tall seaside cliff. Site of legends – two lovers tied their hair here and jumped off the cliff.
  • Tailafak Bridge (Taleyfac Bridge) – Hagåtña. Old Spanish built bridge, constructed in 1785.
  • Yokoi’s Cave – southern part. A cave where in 1944 – 1972 hid Japanese soldier Shoichi Yokoi.

List of described attractions

Guam is unincorporated territory of United States.

ArrowLatte Stone ParkMegaliths

Map of Guam

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