Guam – the largest island in Micronesia – is 541,3 km² large. The landscape of this island has been modified to a large extent by US military bases and multiple settlements but nonetheless there have been preserved interesting natural and archaeological landmarks.
Highlights of Guam are:
- Caves with petroglyphs and cliff paintings. Petroglyphs of Guam might seem not too spectacular but some of them are truly interesting and mysterious.
- Karst features. Island has very high number of caves, sinkholes and powerful springs.
- Latte stone sites. Here and there in the jungle still are found mysterious megalithic structures of Chamorro people – latte stones.
Caves and sinkholes
- Amantes Pit Cave – northeastern part. A narrow, 6 m wide and 45 m deep pit - a hole in otherwise flat meadow.
- Matt’s Cave – northern part. Large submarine cave, explored length – 200 m, going up to 65 m deep below the sea level.
- Piggy Cave – northeastern part. A 120 m long cave with pools and waterfalls.
- Tarague natural wells – northern part. A group of eight sinkholes with vertical walls. Sinkholes are up to 20 m deep, reaching up to 12 m below the sea level.
- Coconut Crab Cave spring – northern part. Powerful spring, discharging 225 l of fresh water per second in the ocean. Located at sea level.
- Janum Spring – northeastern part. A powerful spring, discharging directly in ocean. It contains a high quality water, which after heavy rain might become reddish.
- Natural Arch Spring – northern part. A collapsed cave with a large natural arch at the sea. Powerful spring flows in the ocean.
- Cetti Falls – southwestern Guam. Beautiful set of 7 waterfalls.
- Sigua Falls – central Guam, south from Hagåtña. Beautiful, impressive waterfall.
- Talofofo Falls – 9 m tall, fine waterfall on Ugum River.
- Tarzan Falls – south from Hagåtña. Waterfall with five steps, the lower one is 12 m tall, in a beautiful jungle setting.
Other natural landmarks
- Limestone forest – northern part, in the area of Andersen Air Force Base. Last remnants of the original tropical forest of Guam. Contains many rare and endemic species of plants.
- No Can Fracture – northwestern part. Very narrow canyon. At the base of this canyon is water – freshwater above and salt water below.
- Rock of Fu’una in Fouha Bay – southeastern part. 45 m tall rock spire. Site of legends – according to Chamorran stories here is the resting place of goddess Fu’una – creator of the world.
- Serianthes nelsonii tree in Ritidian Point – northern part. The only mature specimen of this species of tree in Guam.
Man made landmarks
- Latte Stone Park – Hagåtña. Archaeological park, where eight latte stones are displayed, transferred here from the other parts of Guam. Latte stones are prehistoric megalithic structures – large, erect stones with a rounded capstone on them. The rounded capstone has a flat top. It is speculated that latte stones formed a foundation of houses. There are some 270 sites with latte stones in Guam.
- Urunao beach latte stones – northern part of island. A group of megalithic structures – latte stones in their original setting. This is the site of an ancient village, with wells.
- Gadao’s Cave – southeastern part. A cave named after a legendary chief Gadao, contains some 50 prehistoric petroglyphs and white cliff paintings. These petroglyphs represent human drawings, diverse undeciphered symbols, one drawing shows a fish.
- Ritidian burial Caves and Starcave complex – northern part of island. Cave with amazing petroglyphs from sometimes around 1000 AD. Some authors consider that one of them depicts constellation of Orion and other - stars.
- Talagi Cave – northern part. A cave with petroglyphs near the site of prehistoric village. 13 petroglyph are visible now, most show people.
- Talofofo Caves – southeastern part. A system of six caves with prehistoric petroglyphs. One of caves has a natural arch - Talofofo's Kissing Rock. Many petroglyphs show stars in the sky and may have served to memorize the stars for orientation during the sea voyages.
Other man made landmarks
- Agana Spanish Bridge – Hagåtña. Old bridge, built of stone and concrete in 1800.
- Gef Pa’go cultural village – southeastern part. An ethnographical village which illustrates the material culture of Chamorro people.
- Puntan Hugua Humaguiya (Puntan Dos Amantes, Two Lover’s Point) – northern part. A spectacular, 115 m tall seaside cliff. Site of legends – two lovers tied their hair here and jumped off the cliff.
- Tailafak Bridge (Taleyfac Bridge) – Hagåtña. Old Spanish built bridge, constructed in 1785.
- Yokoi’s Cave – southern part. A cave where in 1944 – 1972 hid Japanese soldier Shoichi Yokoi.
List of described attractions
Guam is unincorporated territory of United States.
|Latte Stone Park||Megaliths|
Map of Guam
Featured: Latte Stone Park
Mariana Islands have unique kind of megalithic monuments - latte stones. Most likely the most visited site with true latte stones is Latte Stone Park in the centre of Hagåtña, where are located eight of these megaliths.