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Jan Mayen

Main attractions

Beerenberg volcano, Jan Mayen
Beerenberg - 2,277 m high volcano / Wikimedia Commons, author Hagman. CC BY-SA 3.0

This small island contains several exciting landmarks.

Most impressive landmark of Jan Mayen Island is Beerenberg - active, 2,277 m high volcano, dominating the surrounding area. This is the northernmost active subaerial (e.g. above the water and ice) volcano in the world. Last eruption took place in 1985. Several large glaciers around this volcano create ice cap, in several locations the glaciers fall in the ocean, creating spectacular icebergs. Weyprecht Glacier enters the sea with some 70 m high ice wall.

Eggøya is former island - volcanic crater, which joined to Jan Mayen around the 18th century by the sand accumulation. There are fumaroles on Eggøya.

Søyla is 114 m high rock - remnant of volcano plug. It is much used by birds for safe breeeding and around this rock there is much guano - and hence - much plant life. There form other interesting rock formations including natural arches, which after some time collapse.

Unusual feature is also driftwood - trees covering the black beaches of volcanic sand. These trees have floated here from the big rivers of Russia and even Alaska and Canada.

Island is rather rich with plant life, which includes 75 species of vascular plants, 180 mosses, 150 species of lichens. 7 species of lichen are met only on Jan Mayen - they are endemics.

List of described attractions

Map of Jan Mayen

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