Highlights of this region are:
- Medieval towns – region is very rich with well preserved medieval towns and cities, often located in impressive natural setting. Some of the most impressive ones are Aigues-Mortes, Cité de Carcassonne, Villefranche-de-Conflent, Saint-Guilhem-le-Désert, Minerve.
- Roman heritage – here are located such great and impressive monumets as Pont du Gard, Arena of Nîmes and many other.
- Ardèche Gorges – magnificent natural monument – a deep, long gorge with dramatic landscape and numerous natural and man-made landmarks.
Canyons and cliffs
- Ardèche Gorges – Gard departament and also Rhône-Alpes region. Beautiful, 30 km long gorge of Ardèche River with up to 300 m high limestone cliffs.
- Gorges de Galamus – Aude and Pyrénées-Orientales. One of the most impressive gorges in Pyrenees. It has formed in limestone. as a result water in the tream is blue-green, constrasting with the light surface of rocks.
- Orgues d’Ille-sur-Têt – Pyrénées-Orientales. Amazing cliff formations –cliff chimneys, created by erosion over the last 4 million years.
- Baousso del Biel – Lozère. Large natural arch in Tarn canyon.
- Minerve natural bridges – Hérault. Two enormous natural bridges formed by Cesse stream at Minerve – medieval town. Used as a true bridges up to this day.
- Aven Armand – Lozère. Beautiful show cave with numerous stalactites and stalagmites. Includes a 30 m high stalagmite – one of the largest in the world.
- Aven de la Leicasse – Hérault. 16,530 m long cave system, up to 356 m deep.
- Grotte de la Clamouse – Hérault. Cave, rich adornment with cave formations – stalactites,stalagmites and others. Powerful spring leaves the cave.
- Grotte de Limousis – Aude. A cave system, created by underground streams. Now turned into tourist cave. Contains unique cave formation – a chandelabre of aragonite crystals, 4 m high and 10 m wide.
- Reseau Andre Lachambre (grotte d’Embulla) – Pyrénées-Orientales. 35,000 m long and up to 74 m deep cave system.
- Reseau de Fuilla – Canalettes – Aude. 23,000 m long cave system.
- Reseau Fanges – Paradet – Pyrénées-Orientales. 18,202 m long cave system, up to 300 m deep.
- Cascade de Rûnes – Lozère. 58 m tall waterfall, formed by several, closely located cascades.
- Déroc Falls – Lozère. Magnificent, free falling waterfall, 32 m tall. The cliff is adorned with basaltic prisms.
- Sautadet Falls – Gard. Waterfall and rapids on Cèze river. A complex group of waterfalls and rapids, formed on limestone. Interesting features are up to 10 m deep kettles, hollowed by turning stones.
Other natural landmarks
- Bramabiau Abyss – Gard. Amazing resurgence of an underground river. This source is located in a 70 m deep gorge – the river leaves the cliff with a waterfall. The source can be entered – the river has formed a giant trench. The known length of the underground passages – 10,210 m.
- Grand firs in Foux arboretum – Gard. Possibly the tallest trees in France, these introduced trees in 2010 were 63 m tall.
- Vis resurgence – Gard. Powerful spring, discharging 5,260 l/s, with maximum 245,000 l/s. The cave of the spring has been explored up to 2,984 m far.
Man made landmarks
- Gallardet Dolmen – Hérault. Enormous dolmen with a 12 m long passageway, surrounded by tumulus. Entrance door is brilliantly shaped like a door of oven.
- Menhirs of Cham des Bondons – Lozère. A plateau with 154 menhirs made of granite. The largest ones are 4.8 and 4.5 m tall, earlier there was one, which was 6 m tall. Granite menhirs were transported to this limestone plateau from the distance.
- Arena of Nîmes – Gard. The best preserved Roman amphitheater in France, built sometimes around 70 AD. Remodelled in 1863 to serve as a bullring. 103 by 101 m large building, suited for 16,300 visitors. For a while the interior was filled with medieval housing.
- Maison Carrée, Nîmes – Gard. One of the best preserved Roman temples worldwide. Built in 16 BC. Turned into Christian church in the 4th century AD, used for diverse purposes, since 1823 – museum.
- Pont Ambroix – Gard and Hérault. Remnants of a Roman bridge over Vidourle river, built in the 1st century BC. Now only one arch in the middle of river remains.
- Pont de Sommières – Hérault. 190 m long, Roman bridge, still in use. Constructed in the early 1st century AD, restored in the 18th century. 7 arches are visible, 12 more arches are now covered by the city buildings and serve as wine cellars.
- Pont des Marchands, Narbonne – Aude. Roman bridge. It had six arches, now only one is visible and others are covered by buildings. Also the top of the visible arch now is covered with buildings.
- Pont du Gard – Gard. One of the most impressive existing structures of Ancient Romans – aqueduct bridge across Gard River. Part of 50 km long aqueduct. Built in the 1st century AD. 48.8 m high, with three stacks of arches. Used until the 9th century. Used as a bridge in medieval times and up to 2000. Built with extreme precision – f.e. it descends 2.5 cm over its 456 m length. Bridge construction itself is 274 m long. Built without mortar – stones are fitting that well, that no water is lost.
- Roman Bridge at Saint-Thibéry – Hérault. Remnants of Roman built segmented arch bridge, built sometimes around 30 BC – 14 AD. Now remain some arches, initially there were nine.
Urban planning monuments
- Aigues-Mortes – Gard. Fortified medieval with with very impressive, well preserved walls. 1,650 m long walls were built mostly in the 13th century.
- Aiguèze – Gard. Historical town, located on a cliff over the Ardèche River. Reveloped around a castle, built in the 11th – 12th centuries (now in ruins).
- Castelbouc village – Lozère. Medieval village, located around the vertical cliffs with Castle Castelbouc on top. Many houses are partly carved into the cliff.
- Cité de Carcassonne – Aude. Medieval walled city, surrounded by a 3 km long double wall with 53 towers. Walls were built by the Romans in the 3rd century AD and further fortified by French in Romanesque style. Eus – Pyrénées-Orientales. Medieval village in a mountainous terrain.
- Lagrasse – Aude. Medieval village with fortifications. Contains Gothic bridge from the 12th century and numerous historical houses.
- La Roque-sur-Cèze – Gard. Medieval village, located on a cliff top. Valuable monument here is the medieval bridge over Cèze river.
- Minerve – Hérault. Small medieval village, located on rocky outcrop, formed by river canyon. Occupied for at least 1600 years. Interesting medieval church and other structures.
- Mont-Louis citadel – Pyrénées-Orientales. Part of historical town, which is located inside an fort, designed by Vauban.
- Olargues – Hérault. Medieval town in a beautiful natural setting, contains numerous valuable buildings.
- Sainte-Enimie – Lozère. Medieval village, located in a deep canyon of Tarn. Interesting medieval buildings.
- Saint-Guilhem-le-Désert – Hérault. Picturesque medieval village with Romanesque church. Located in mountains and contains many interesting medieval buildings.
- Villefranche-de-Conflent – Pyrénées-Orientales. Interesting walled medieval town, established in 1098. Part of fortifications were built by Vauban in the late 18th century.
- Castelnou Castle and village – Pyrénées-Orientales. Large hilltop castle with beautiful village at its foot. Castle developed since the 10th century, village – since the 12th century.
- Château de Quéribus – Aude. Spectacular castle ruins on the top of a high cliff. Current structure was built mostly in the 13th century. One of the last strongholds of Cathars.
- Château de Puilaurens – Aude. Ruins of an impressive castle, located on the top of rock. Construction of the current structure was started in 1229. Served as one of the last refuges for Cathars.
- Palace of the Kings of Majorca, Perpignan – Pyrénées-Orientales. Massive medieval castle, built in 1276 – 1309. Built as an administrative centre for the Kingdom of Majorca.
- Peyrepertuse – Aude. Ruins of an impressive castle, located on the top of mountain at the border with Spain. Structure consists of two parts, linked with staircase.
Churches and monasteries
- Basilica of St. Nazaire and St. Celse in Carcassonne – Aude. Romanesque basilica, built in 1096. Enlarged in the 13th and 14th centuries, when features in Gothic style were added.
- Bédouès fortified church – Lozère. Fortified church, built around 1363. This church was built as a tomb for the parents of Pope Urban V. Interesting interior decorations.
- Maguelone Cathedral – Hérault. Fortified church, built in Romanesque style in 1030 – 1060. Interesting church with an aura of ancient times.
- Martin-du-Canigou – Pyrénées-Orientales. Monastery, built on hilltop. Construction took place in 1005 – 1009 and the building represents an early example of Romanesque style. Contains two churches in the First Romanesque style and a group of buildings from the 20th century.
- Montpellier Cathedral – Hérault. Enormous Gothic cathedral, the largest church in Languedoc-Roussillon. Initially construction started in 1364, gradually rebuilt and extended up to the 19th century. Church has very rich ornamentation and contains a large amount of interesting artwork.
- Narbonne Cathedral – Aude. One of most ambitious church buildings in France, begun in 1272 and left unfinished. Less than half is built – but nevertheless the structure is very impressive.
- Notre-Dame Cathedral, Mende – Lozère. Large Gothic cathedral, mostly built in the 14th century and rebuilt in 1599 – 1605.
- Perpignan Cathedral – Pyrénées-Orientales. Church, built in Catalan Gothic style in 1324 – the 15th century. Interior is adorned with large murals by Jacques Pauthe, the 19th century.
- Sainte-Marie de Lagrasse Abbey – Aude. Benedictine monatery, developed since 779. Conserved valuable buildings in Gothic and Romanesque styles.
- Saint-Gilles abbey church – Gard. A Romanesque church with a beautiful portal and interesting spiral staircase. Important pilgrimage site up to this day.
- Saint-Guilhem-le-Désert Abbey – Hérault. An ancient abbey, established in 804 AD. The buildings were built for most part in the 11th century and represent a masterpiece of Romanesque architecture. Preserved church, cloister and some more buildings.
- Devil’s Bridge, Saint-Jean-de-Fos – Hérault. Bridge over a gorge. Constructed in the 11th century in Romanesque style. 65 m long.
- Old bridge in Mende – Lozère. Gothic bridge, built in the 12th century and standing since then. Largest vault is 22 m wide.
- Pont du Diable, Céret – Pyrénées-Orientales. A medieval bridge, built in 1321 – 1341. It had the longest span in the world – 45.45 m long.
- Saint-Nicolas-de-Campagnac Bridge – Gard. Medieval bridge, crossing the Gardon river. Impressive Gothic structure, built in 1245 – 1260.
Other man-made landmarks
- Jardin des plantes de Montpellier – Hérault. Oldest botanical garden in France, established in 1593. Many rare plants here have grown to impressive size.
- Les Quais de la Fontaine, Nîmes – Gard. The first civic garden in France, developed in 1738 – 1755 along the spring and channels supplying the city with water.
- Mont-Louis Solar Furnace – Pyrénées-Orientales. Experimental structure – the first solar furnace in the world. Built in 1949 by Félix Trombe. Now used as an educational facility.
- Musée Fabre – Hérault. One of the most important museums of art in France with a huge collection of French and foreign paintings from the 17th – 20th centuries.
- Prafrance Bamboo Forest – Gard. Unique plantings of bamboo, created in 1856. Besides the bamboo plantings there are many other exotic elements in this garden.
List of described attractions by departments
Languedoc-Roussillon is divided into 5 departments:
Map of Languedoc-Roussillon
Featured: Sautadet Falls
Sautadet Falls belong to comparatively little known natural wonders of France. This is an unusual landmark characterised by a rugged beauty.