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Luxembourg

Main attractions

Luxembourg City
Luxembourg City / Dennis Jarvis, Flickr. CC BY-SA 2.0

Although the list below might seem not too long, don't be mislead: in spite of its small size Luxembourg is very interesting and charming country. Most impressive and best known landmarks here are Old City of Luxembourg and Vianden Castle, but there is a lot more: huge amount of castles and palaces, Celtic heritage, spectacular cliffs, canyons and caves.

Natural landmarks

  • Moestroff Cave - Diekirch. More than 4.5 km long cave, the longest in Luxembourg.
  • Wollefsschlucht - Grevenmacher. Narrow canyon with 40 - 50 m tall, vertical cliffs.

Man made landmarks

Archaeological heritage

Häerdcheslee, Luxembourg
Häerdcheslee reliefs / Jamcelsus, Wikipedia, public domain
  • Häerdcheslee - Grevenmacher. Sandstone cliff with an eroded relief of two people which was made around 1st - 2nd century AD and represents a rare example of Gallo-Roman burial art.
  • Mont St. Jean - Luxembourg. Hill which has served as a sacred place since pre-Christian times with paganic rituals taking place here in the medieval times.
  • Raschpëtzer Qanat - Luxembourg. Underground water tunnel with many vertical water shafts, built in Gallo-Roman times around 150 AD. It was around 600 m long, with som 20 - 25 vertical shafts.
  • Tëtelbierg (Titelberg) - Luxembourg. Hillfort - Celtic oppidum and shrine, built in the 1st century BC, with impressive, 2.7 km long fortification walls and many other structures.

Historical towns

  • Clervaux (Klierf) - Diekirch. Picturesque town with numerous historical buildings, including the dominant castle above the town, St.Maurice Abbey, St.Maur Abbey and others.
  • Old City of Luxembourg - Luxembourg. Historical fortified city, one of the largest fortresses in Europe in the 17th - 18th century, sometimes called "Gibraltar of the North". Fortress and other historical buildings have been well preserved and together with natural scenery - canyons of the Alzette and Pétrusse rivers - forms a spectacular ensemble. There is wast network (17 km) of underground passages under the city.
Vianden Castle, Luxembourg
Vianden Castle / Alehins, Flickr, CC BY 2.0

Castles

  • Ansembourg Castle - Luxembourg. Well preserved castle, first fortifications were built here in the middle of the 12th century. Current castle has not been much altered since the early 14th century.
  • Bourlingster Castle - Grevenmacher. Medieval castle, first mentioned in 1098. The medieval part has been extended several times in Renaissance and Baroque styles.
  • Bourscheid Castle - Diekirch. Large medieval castle with a circular wall and 11 towers. First buildings here were built in the Roman times. Current castle built around 1000 and extended multiple times.
  • Hollenfels Castle - Luxembourg. Well preserved medieval castle. First mentioned in 1129. 39 m tall tower with sumptuous Gothic interiors. Under the castle are several tunnels built in the medieval ages.
  • Schoenfels Castle - Luxembourg. Castle - tower house which was built in the late 13th century.
  • Vianden Castle - Diekirch. One of the largest and most impressive castles in Western Europe. The enormous Romanesque style castle was built in the 11th - 14th century on a hilltop.

Palaces

  • Berg Castle - Luxembourg. Residence of the Grand Duke of Luxembourg. The palace has been constructed to resemble medieval castles, built in 1907 - 1911.
  • Château de Septfontaines - Luxembourg. Palace (1783–1784) of porcelain producers Jean-François and Pierre-Joseph Boch, adorned with porcelaine.
  • Grand Ducal Palace - Luxembourg. Urban palacco - official residence of the Grand Duke of Luxembourg. Historically built as a Luxembourg city hall around 1572.

Churches

  • Echternach Basilica - Grevenmacher. Church at the oldest Anglo-Saxon monastery in continental Europe which was founded in 700 AD. Original buildings burned down in 1017 and new church in Romanesque style was built.
  • St. Laurentius Church in Diekirch - Diekirch. Old church in the site of Gallo-Roman sanctuary whose walls still can be seen. Church was built in the 6th - 7th centuries, current Gothic church - from 1467, with fine frescoes.
  • St. Quirin Chapel - Luxembourg. Medieval chapel which has been built into the cliff - only one side of the church is outside this cliff. Gothic facade was built in 1355, tower - in the 19th century.
Adolphe Bridge, Luxembourg
Adolphe Bridge / amateur photography by michel, Flickr, CC BY 2.0

Other man made landmarks

  • Adolphe Bridge - Luxembourg. Landmark structure - impressive bridge across Pétrusse river, built in 1900 - 1903. At the time of construction its 84.65 m long central arch was the longest stone arch in the world.
  • Dënzelt - Grevenmacher. Historical building in Gothic style in the central square of Echternach. Built in the late 14th century.

List of described attractions by districts

Luxembourg is divided into 3 districts.

Diekirch
Grevenmacher
ArrowEchternach BasilicaChurches
Luxembourg

Map of Luxembourg

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