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Luxembourg

Main attractions

Luxembourg City
Luxembourg City / Dennis Jarvis, Flickr. CC BY-SA 2.0

Although the list below might seem not too long, don't be mislead: in spite of its small size Luxembourg is very interesting and charming country. Most impressive and best known landmarks here are Old City of Luxembourg and Vianden Castle, but there is a lot more: huge amount of castles and palaces, Celtic heritage, spectacular cliffs, canyons and caves.

Natural landmarks

  • Moestroff Cave - Diekirch. More than 4.5 km long cave, the longest in Luxembourg.
  • Wollefsschlucht - Grevenmacher. Narrow canyon with 40 - 50 m tall, vertical cliffs.

Man made landmarks

Archaeological heritage

Häerdcheslee, Luxembourg
Häerdcheslee reliefs / Jamcelsus, Wikipedia, public domain
  • Häerdcheslee - Grevenmacher. Sandstone cliff with an eroded relief of two people which was made around 1st - 2nd century AD and represents a rare example of Gallo-Roman burial art.
  • Mont St. Jean - Luxembourg. Hill which has served as a sacred place since pre-Christian times with paganic rituals taking place here in the medieval times.
  • Raschpëtzer Qanat - Luxembourg. Underground water tunnel with many vertical water shafts, built in Gallo-Roman times around 150 AD. It was around 600 m long, with some 20 - 25 vertical shafts.
  • Tëtelbierg (Titelberg) - Luxembourg. Hillfort - Celtic oppidum and shrine, built in the 1st century BC, with impressive, 2.7 km long fortification walls and many other structures.

Historical towns

  • Clervaux (Klierf) - Diekirch. Picturesque town with numerous historical buildings, including the dominant castle above the town, St.Maurice Abbey, St.Maur Abbey and others.
  • Old City of Luxembourg - Luxembourg. Historical fortified city, one of the largest fortresses in Europe in the 17th - 18th century, sometimes called "Gibraltar of the North". Fortress and other historical buildings have been well preserved and together with natural scenery - canyons of the Alzette and Pétrusse rivers - forms a spectacular ensemble. There is wast network (17 km) of underground passages under the city.
Vianden Castle, Luxembourg
Vianden Castle / Alehins, Flickr, CC BY 2.0

Castles

  • Ansembourg Castle - Luxembourg. Well preserved castle, first fortifications were built here in the middle of the 12th century. Current castle has not been much altered since the early 14th century.
  • Bourlingster Castle - Grevenmacher. Medieval castle, first mentioned in 1098. The medieval part has been extended several times in Renaissance and Baroque styles.
  • Bourscheid Castle - Diekirch. Large medieval castle with a circular wall and 11 towers. First buildings here were built in the Roman times. Current castle built around 1000 and extended multiple times.
  • Hollenfels Castle - Luxembourg. Well preserved medieval castle. First mentioned in 1129. 39 m tall tower with sumptuous Gothic interiors. Under the castle are several tunnels built in the medieval ages.
  • Schoenfels Castle - Luxembourg. Castle - tower house which was built in the late 13th century.
  • Vianden Castle - Diekirch. One of the largest and most impressive castles in Western Europe. The enormous Romanesque style castle was built in the 11th - 14th century on a hilltop.

Palaces

  • Berg Castle - Luxembourg. Residence of the Grand Duke of Luxembourg. The palace has been constructed to resemble medieval castles, built in 1907 - 1911.
  • Château de Septfontaines - Luxembourg. Palace (1783–1784) of porcelain producers Jean-François and Pierre-Joseph Boch, adorned with porcelaine.
  • Grand Ducal Palace - Luxembourg. Urban palacco - official residence of the Grand Duke of Luxembourg. Historically built as a Luxembourg city hall around 1572.

Churches

  • Echternach Basilica - Grevenmacher. Church at the oldest Anglo-Saxon monastery in continental Europe which was founded in 700 AD. Original buildings burned down in 1017 and new church in Romanesque style was built.
  • St. Laurentius Church in Diekirch - Diekirch. Old church in the site of Gallo-Roman sanctuary whose walls still can be seen. Church was built in the 6th - 7th centuries, current Gothic church - from 1467, with fine frescoes.
  • St. Quirin Chapel - Luxembourg. Medieval chapel which has been built into the cliff - only one side of the church is outside this cliff. Gothic facade was built in 1355, tower - in the 19th century.
Adolphe Bridge, Luxembourg
Adolphe Bridge / amateur photography by michel, Flickr, CC BY 2.0

Other man made landmarks

  • Adolphe Bridge - Luxembourg. Landmark structure - impressive bridge across Pétrusse river, built in 1900 - 1903. At the time of construction its 84.65 m long central arch was the longest stone arch in the world.
  • Dënzelt - Grevenmacher. Historical building in Gothic style in the central square of Echternach. Built in the late 14th century.

List of described attractions by districts

Luxembourg is divided into 3 districts.

Diekirch
Grevenmacher
ArrowEchternach BasilicaChurches
Luxembourg

Map of Luxembourg

Featured: Echternach Basilica

Echternach Basilica, Luxembourg
Echternach Basilica / Wouter Hagens, Wikimedia Commons, public domain

The history of Echternach Basilica has been unusually long and perplexed. This church has existed here for more than 1300 years, it has been multiple times demolished and then rebuilt again.

Recommended books:

Luxembourg (Bradt Travel Guide)

Author Tim Skelton’s unique and much praised guide is the only one to focus solely on Luxembourg and fills an otherwise conspicuous gap in the market. Tim is a Luxembourg aficionado respected for his insider knowledge, and is a recognized writer not just on travel, but also on food and drink, both integral parts of the Luxembourg experience.

DK Eyewitness Travel Guide: Belgium & Luxembourg

Stroll through the bustling city streets, explore the Caves of Hotton, and visit the Euro Space Center when you travel to Belgium and Luxembourg. See history, art, and more in these unique and vibrant countries.

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