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Mauritius

Main attractions

Primeval forest in Black River Gorges, Mauritius
Primeval forest in Black River Gorges / carrotmadman6, / CC BY 2.0

Several beautiful islands in Indian ocean form the state of Mauritius. These islands are distant from each other and very diverse.

Until recent times highlights of Mauritius (and Rodrigues island) were the large, flightless birds - dodo and Rodrigues Solitaire. Both were exterminated by people and introduced animals.

The remaining natural and man-made heritage in islands is diverse - here are found breathtaking sceneries, unique ecosystems, fine waterfalls, historical palaces.

Natural landmarks

Waterfalls

  • Chamarel Falls - Mauritius. Tallest waterfall in Mauritius, 83 m tall plunge.
  • Rochester Falls - Mauritius. Picturesque, approximately 10 m tall waterfall which is cascading down over vertical basalt columns.
  • Tamarind Falls (Tamarin Falls) - Mauritius. Impressive cascade, consists of seven vertical plunges. Total height is around 250 m. Located in one of the last pristine forests in Mauritius.
Seven Coloured Earths, Mauritius
Seven Coloured Earths / Andy Cardiff, / CC BY 2.0

Other natural landmarks

  • Caverne Legat - Rodrigues. Fine show cave with stalactites and stalagmites, with giant tortoises living in ravine at its entrance.
  • Caverne Patate - Rodrigues. The longest cave in Mauritius, 1 140 m long, adorned with stalactites and stalagmites. Cave is known since the 18th century and here have been found bones of extinct animals. Legends about treasure hidden in it.
  • Le Souffleur at Savinnia - Mauritius. Blowhole where at certain weather conditions the water shoots up to 15 - 18 m high.
  • Mare aux Songes - Mauritius. Swamp with valuable fossils of extinct Mauritian fauna. Bones of some 300 dodos have been found here, but most remnants belong to extinct Cylindraspis turtles.
  • Pandanus pseudomontanus in Le Puce - Mauritius. The only two existing trees of this species. Both are male plants.
  • Pont Bon Dieu - Mauritius. Natural bridge over a system of lava caves. This bridge is some 80 m long and around 50 m wide. Height of ceiling is 15 m or more.
  • Round Island - Mauritius. This small island (1.69 km²) contains three species of reptiles found only here and the endemic bottle palm Hyophorbe lagenicaulis.
  • Seven Coloured Earths - Mauritius. Site with eerie landscape, formed by dunes, which are colored in seven distinct colors - blue, brown, green, purple, red, violet and yellow.

Man made landmarks

Palaces, manor houses

  • Mon Plaisir palace - Mauritius. Old palace in Pamplemousses Botanical Garden. Constructed in 1735.
  • State House of Mauritius (Chateau du Reduit) - Mauritius. Official residence of the President of Mauritius. Current palace built in 1779.
  • Villebague palace - Mauritius. Exquisite palace, built in 1740.
Pamplemousses Botanical Garden, Mauritius
Pamplemousses Botanical Garden / Pedro Plassen Lopes, / CC BY 2.0

Other man made landmarks

  • Aapravasi Ghat - Mauritius, Port Louis. Complex of buildings which were constructed for contracted workforce from India - an experiment of British Empire to replace slavery. Buildings were constructed in the 1860s and mark a significant turn in the global economy.
  • Le Morne Brabant - Mauritius. Impressive basaltic monolith which rises up to 556 m high above the sea and other parts of Mauritius. In the early 19th century numerous escaped slaves formed a community, living in the plateau of this mountain and in caves in its sides. The only place where the beautiful flowering bush Trochetia boutoniana grows.
  • Pamplemousses Botanical Garden - Mauritius. Beautiful tropical garden with numerous rare plants. Garden was set in 1767.

List of described attractions by islands

Agaléga
Mauritius
ArrowChamarel FallsWaterfalls
Rodrigues
Arrow<Caverne PatateCaves, Fossil finds, Hidden treasure
Saint Brandon (Cargados Carajos)

Map of Mauritius

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