|Ecosystem of Henderson Island||Ecosystems|
Pitcairn Islands - map
Pitcairn islands (British overseas territory under the jurisdiction of United Kingdom) are the most remote inhabited islands in the world. These small islands offer several interesting landmarks:
Christian's Cave, Pitcairn.
Angela K. Kepler, Wikimedia Commons / public domain
- Cave of Skeletons - north-eastern coast of Henderson Island. Cave where in 1958 were found six skeletons - including remains of women and child. These are remnants of Polynesians.
- Christian's Cave - northern coast of Pitcairn Island. Large grottoe. Leader of mutiny on Bounty - Fletcher Christian - spent many hours sitting in this cave and looking into the sea.
- Ecosystem of Henderson Island - the only forested atoll with intact ecosystem in the world. Endemic species - 9 species of plants and all 4 species of landbirds. Numerous invertebrates are endemic, although they are poorly researched. Island is unwalkable - covered with thicket and rugged limestone peaks.
- Natural arches in Henderson Island - sea waves and karst processes have formed numerous natural arches, one rises 24 m above the sea.
- Blowhole in Henderson Island - powerful blowhole 100 m from the coast.
- Petroglyphs at Down Rope - south-east of Pitcairn Island. Petroglyphs left on coastal cliffs by Polynesians who lived in Pitcairn until 15th century.
- Submarine springs of Henderson Island - northern and north-western coast of Henderson Island. The only source of freshwater on the island. These springs are available only at low tide at certain periods. One of these springs helped to survive the team of whaleship Essex in 1821.