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Saint Helena

Main attractions

Jamestown, St. Helena Island
Jamestown / Andrew Neaum, / CC BY-SA 3.0

Saint Helena is a part of the British Overseas Territory - area under the jurisdiction of the United Kingdom. This island is located in the Atlantic Ocean and is one of most remote islands in the world.

This small island has amazing array of landmarks - well preserved historical town and fortress, unique forest with unique plants, desert with unique, giant insects. In Saint Helena was the last home for one of the most famous personalities in the world history - Napoleon.

Natural landmarks

Ecosystems

  • Diana's Peak National Park - one of the last remnants of natural St.Helena woodlands - unique biotope, a relict of 10 million years olf African tropical forest. Contains numerous endemic plant and animal species, including interesting tree species.
  • High Peak fern thicket - another remnant of relict tropical forest from the Miocene. In spite of its small size this small patch of forest contains several species of invertebrates which have not been found anywhere else.
  • Prosperous Bay Plain - north-eastern part of the island. Desert-like area, comparatively plain. This 2.25 km² large area has exceptionally high number of endemic invertebrates, which live only here - some 35 - 40 species. Here live or recently lived several giant insects - such as Saint Helena giant earwig, Saint Helena giant beetle.

Other natural landmarks

  • Heart Shaped Waterfall - approximately 100 m tall waterfall, plunging down from heart-shaped cliff.
  • Lot and Lot's Wife - two rock stacks, phonolitic intrusions which are more resistant to erosion than the surrounding rock.

Man made landmarks

Saint James Church, St. Helena Island
Saint James Church / Peter Neaum, / CC BY-SA 3.0

Churches

  • Saint James Church - Jamestown. The oldest Anglican church in the southern hemisphere, current structure was built in 1774.
  • Saint John's Church - Jamestown. Historical church, built in 1862.
  • Saint Paul's Cathedral - near Jamestown. Cathedral church, built in 1850 - 1851, became cathedral in 1859.
Jacob's Ladder, St. Helena Island
Jacob's Ladder / Deusdixital, / public domain

Other man made landmarks

  • High Knoll Fort - near Jamestown. Hilltop fortification, originally built in 1799, current structure built in 1874. Most impressive and best preserved fortification on the island.
  • Jacob's Ladder - Jamestown. Impressive staircase in the site of inclined-plane cableway, which originally was built in 1829. Staircase has 699 steps, it rises 183 m high.
  • Jamestown - British colonial town with well preserved historical architecture, located in magnificent natural setting - deep ravine. Founded in 1659. Town is stretched along narrow ravine. Many buildings are built of local volcanic rock.
  • Longwood House - residence of Napoleon Bonaparte during his exile in 1815 - 1821. Former summer residence of the Lieutenant Governor. House has been almost completely rebuilt since the times of Napoleon. Now - museum.
  • Napoleon's Tomb - Hutt's Gate. Site where the famous French emperor was buried in 1821 - 1840.
  • Plantation House - near Jamestown. Official residence of the Governor of Saint Helena, built in 1791 - 1792, extended in 1816. In the ground of house lives world's oldest known tortoise Jonathan, born around 1832.
  • The Castle - Jamestown. First fortification on the island, constructed since the 1659. The oldest parts of current structure are from 1710, largely rebuilt in the 1860s. Now serves for adminsitrative purposes.

List of described attractions

ArrowDiana's Peak National ParkEcosystems

Map of Saint Helena

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