31. Ol Doinyo Lengai
|Why unique?||The only volcano in the world which is erupting carbonatite lava. This is very unusual place without analogues elsewhere in the world. Shortly after the eruption lava turns snow-white but in a few months time it becomes soft. Lava consists of very rare, nearly unique minerals.|
32. Patomskiy Crater
|Where?||Asia, Russia (Irkutsk Oblast)|
|Why unique?||Mysterious crater in remote part of Siberia. It is not clear how it formed, but it happened some 500 years ago. It is possible that here happened some kind of gaseous eruption. Site of exotic legends, purported evil place.|
|Where?||Asia, Yemen (Socotra)|
|Why unique?||The last forest of Dragon’s Blood Trees (Dracaena cinnabari) – legendary trees which look as if they arrived from another planet. In this forest live several species of plants and animals which are not met anywhere else in the world.|
|Where?||South America, Venezuela|
|Why unique?||The largest sinkholes in quartzite, formed over hundreds of millions of years. Sinkholes have formed on the only tepui (table-mountain) which is covered with rainforest and as a result on the bottom of these giant holes (up to 314 m deep!) grows unique forest.|
35. Sireneviy Kamen
|Where?||Asia, Russia (Sakha Republic, Irkutsk Oblast)|
|Why unique?||The only find of a mineral of unusual beauty – charoite. In this area have been found some 200 minerals, many – rare and even unique. It is allowed to mine only 100 tons of charoite per year.|
Map, 40 unique natural wonders of the world
Quite a few of more than 1,500 volcanoes of Earth are unusual. In fact, most of them have some specific features making them worthy to be included in Wondermondo’s lists.
But some are more unusual than others. Thus, some 7 – 10 volcanoes of the world have such peculiarity as more or less permanent lava lakes. These lakes of molten stone make each of them unique… almost unique and definitely – spectacular.
Some volcanoes have lakes of acid in their craters. In these lakes, the rainwater is acidified by a constant flow of sulfurous fumaroles – and as a result here forms almost clear sulfuric acid. Such lakes have a weird color – nearly white, bright green or unusually blue.
Another beautiful and nearly unique phenomena is the blue flames of Kawah Ijen (Indonesia) – here burns the sulfur while new supplies of sulfur are delivered by powerful fumaroles every day.
VERSATILE QUICK TRIP PACK: Just right for youth and adults for light backpacking trips; best for 2-4-day adventures; 3400 cubic inches (55 L) capacity; weighs 4.5 pounds (2 kg).
- 5x wide-angle NIKKOR zoom lens
- Large 3.0-inch LCD
- 720p HD video with sound
- Smart Portrait System
- Runs on regular AA batteries