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List of confirmed impact craters of the world

Confirmed impact structures on Earth

The list below includes all scientifically confirmed impact craters on Earth by October 2014: 191 impact structures.

Click on headings to sort the table, e.g. to look for deepest or largest crater!

Explanations to the table

  • Name in fact can be different. Many impact craters can be called impact structures or astroblemes. It is important to separate the names of lakes from the names of craters because the area of crater never is the same as area of lake. Thus Kaalijärv is not the same as Kaali crater. Kaalijärv (järv is lake in Estonian) is a lake with a diameter of 30 to 60 m, but Kaali crater has a diameter of 110 m.
  • Visible craters are those, which can be deciphered as craters by looking on them in nature or in images, e.g. they are not hidden under the layer of sediments or too eroded.
  • Age in most cases is a (more or less) wild guess by the rare specialists who have visited the place or very rough estimate of some scientific research. It happens that one method gives the age of e.g. 7 million years and another: 2 million years. Specialists then might agree that the age is somewhere between 7 and 2 million years (what also is a wild guess) and it finally ends with "this crater is 5.5 million years old" written in popular science magazine. And soon after it is written in all tourists booklets, information signs, guidebooks etc. Everyone seems to be happy and confident about such figures, except for scientists themselves...
  • Diameter is measured between the rims (or ridges if any) of crater. Impact craters smaller than 10 m in diameter (e.g. Kunya-Urgench in Turkmenistan) are not included here. It is hard to measure diameter of large craters (e.g. it is unclear where ends the smash in Earth's crust), and, of course, nearbly impossible to know the diameter of craters whose upper part has eroded.
  • Visible depth is maximum height difference between the highest place of rim and deepest place in the bottom of crater. If there is a lake, its depth is included.
  • Whole depth is the the same visible depth plus the thickness of sediments in the crater, which accrued there after the impact. In large explosions the bottom of crater is covered with breccia - pieces of rocks which fell back right after the impact. This layer in general is not included.
  • Meteorite - what type of meteorite created this crater, is it found?
  • Discovery - when discovered by scientists. Sorry, the knowledge of local non-scientist folks here does not count.
  • Proved - when the impact origin was proved. Sometimes it takes much time and effort.

Map of confirmed impact craters on Earth

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The table

NameCountry, regionVisible?Age (thousands of years)Diameter (m)Visible depth (m)Whole depth (m)MeteoriteDiscoveryProvedRemarks
Acraman crater Australia, South Australia yes ˜ 590,000 90,000 325 ? chondrite 1986 1989 created global crisis in late Vendian, upper 2.5 km of crater eroded
Alamo impact structure United States, Nevada no 367,000 50,000 0 2,500 ? 1990 1993 crater site now dismembered, possible deposits created by tsunami
Amelia Creek impact structure Australia, Northern Territory no 600,000 - 1,640,000 20,000 0 ? ? 2003 2003 very oblique
Ames impact structure United States, Oklahoma no 470,000 ± 30,000 16,000 0   ?   1992 rich find of oil
Amguid crater Algeria, Tamanghasset yes < 100 515 65 ? ? 1948 the 1960s  
Aorounga crater Chad, Borkou yes < 345,000 12 600     ? 1988?    
Aouelloul crater Mauritania, Adrar yes 3,100 ± 300 390 53 76 iron (IIIB, IIID) 1938 1951 smaller crater nearby
Araguainha crater Brazil, Mato Grosso yes 244,400 ± 3,250 40,000     ? 1969 1982?  
Avak impact structure United States, Alaska no 3,000 - 95,000 12,000 0 1,000 ? the late 1940s? 1996  
Azuara impact structure Spain, Aragon no 32,000 ± 7,000 30,000         the 1990s not proved conclusively
B.P. Structure Libya, Kufra yes < 120,000 2,000     ?      
Barringer crater (Meteor crater) United States, Arizona yes 49 ± 3 1,180 170 400 IAB the 19th century 1906  
Beaverhead impact crater United States, Montana no ˜ 600,000 60,000     ?   1990  
Beyenchime - Salaatin crater Russia, Sakha yes 40,000 ± 20,000 8,000 70   ?     double crater?
Bigach astrobleme Kazakhstan, East Kazakhstan yes 5,000 ± 3,000 8,000 70 ˜ 470 ?      
Bloody Creek impact structure Canada, Nova Scotia yes ? 400 10     1987   not proved conclusively
Boltysh impact crater Ukraine, Kirovohrad no 65,170 ± 640 24,000   1,000 chondrite 1973?    
Bosumtwi crater Ghana, Ashanti Region yes 1,070 10,500 380 750 chondrite   the 1960s  
Boxhole crater Australia, Northern Territory yes 5.4 ± 1.5 170     IIAB 1937    
Brent crater Canada, Ontario yes ˜ 452,000 3,800 60 320 chondrite 1951 the 1970s  
Calvin impact crater United States, Michigan no 450,000 ± 10,000 8,500     ? 1987 1992  
Campo del Cielo Argentina, Chaco and Santiago del Estero yes < 4 50     coarse octahedrite to granular hexahedrite      
Carancas crater Peru, Puno yes 0.005 13.5 4.5 4.5 chondrite 2007 2007  
Carswell impact structure Canada, Saskatchewan yes 115,000 ± 10,000 39,000     ? 1965    
Charlevoix impact structure (La Malbaie) Canada, Quebec yes 342,000 ± 15,000 54,000     ?   1965  
Chesapeake Bay impact structure United States, Virginia no 35,500 ± 300 40,000     ? 1983 the 1990s  
Chicxulub crater Mexico, Yucatan no 64,980 ± 50 150,000     chondrite 1978 the 1990s  
Chiyli dome Kazakhstan, Aktobe yes 46,000 ± 7,000 5,500     ?      
Chukcha impact crater Russia, Krasnoyarsk yes 75,000 ± 25,000 6,000 200   ?      
Clearwater East crater Canada, Quebec yes 290,000 ± 20,000 26,000     chondrite the 19th century 1965  
Clearwater West crater Canada, Quebec yes 290,000 ± 20,000 36,000     ? the 19th century 1965  
Cloud Creek impact structure United States, Wyoming no 190,000 ± 30,000 7,000     ? 1999 2003  
Connolly Basin impact structure Australia, Western Australia yes < 60,000 9,000     ? 1986 1986  
Couture crater Canada, Quebec yes 430,000 ± 25,000 8,000 120   ?      
Crawford impact structure Australia, South Australia no > 35,000 8,500     ?      
Crooked Creek impact structure United States, Missouri yes 320,000 ± 80,000 7,000     ?      
Dalgaranga crater Australia, Western Australia yes ~ 270 24 3   stony iron 1938 1960  
Decaturville impact structure United states, Missouri yes < 300,000 6,000     ?   1977  
Deep Bay crater Canada, Saskatchewan yes 99,000 ± 4,000 13,000 320   ?      
Dellen impact crater Sweden, Gävleborg yes 89,000 ± 2,700 19,000     stone?   1992  
Des Plaines impact structure United States, Illinois no < 280,000 8,000     ? the 19th century    
Dhala impact structure India, Madhya Pradesh yes 2,100,000 - 1,700,000 11,000     ?   2008  
Dobele impact structure Latvia, Zemgale no 290,000 ± 35,000 4,500     ?      
Eagle Butte impact structure Canada, Alberta no < 65,000 10,000     ? 1975    
Elbow impact structure Canada, Saskatchewan no 395,000 ± 25,000 8,000     ? 1975 1998  
El'gygytgyn crater Russia, Chukotka yes 3,500 ± 500 18,000 420   achondrite      
Flaxman impact structure Australia, South Australia no > 35,000 10,000     ?      
Flynn Creek impact structure United States, Tennessee yes 360,000 ± 20,000 3,800     ? 1869 1957  
Foelsche impact structure Australia, Northern Territory yes > 545,000 6,000     ? 2002    
Gardnos impact structure Norway, Buskerud no 500,000 ± 10,000 5,000     chondrite 1945 1997  
Glasford impact structure United States, Illinois no < 430,000 4,000     ? the 1950s    
Glikson impact structure Australia, Western Australia no 508,000 ± 5,000 19,000     ? 1997 2005  
Glover Bluff impact structure United States, Wisconsin no < 500,000 8,000     ?      
Goat Paddock crater Australia, Western Australia no < 50,000 5,100     ?   1980  
Gosses Bluff crater Australia, Northern Territory yes 142,500 ± 800 22,000     ? the 1960s the 1970s  
Gow impact structure Canada, Saskatchewan yes < 250,000 5,000     iron?   1972  
Goyder impact structure Australia, Northern Territory yes < 1,400,000 3,000     ?   1996?  
Granby impact structure Sweden, Östergötland no ˜ 470,000 3,000     ?      
Gusev crater Russia, Rostov no 49,000 ± 200 3,000 0 600 ?      
Gweni-Fada impact structure Chad, Ennedi yes < 345,000 14,000     ?   1996  
Haughton impact structure Canada, Nunavut yes 39,000 23,000     ?   1974 originally diameter 24 km
Haviland crater (Brenham crater) United States, Kansas yes < 1 16.8 3.5   pallasite 1925 1925 destroyed by human activities
Henbury meteorite craters Australia, Northern Territory yes 4.2 ± 1.9 150     IIIAB 1899 1931 13 - 14 craters
Holleford crater Canada, Ontario yes 550,000 ± 100,000 2,350 30 244 ? the 1950s the 1950s  
Ile Rouleau impact structure Canada, Quebec no < 300,000 4,000     ?      
Ilumetsä meteorite craters Estonia, Põlvamaa yes > 6.6 80     ?   2001?  
Ilyinets impact structure Ukraine, Vinnytsia no 378,000 ± 5,000 8 500     iron?      
Iso-Naakkima impact structure Finland, Southern Savonia no > 1,000,000 3,000     ? 1993    
Jänisjärvi astrobleme Russia, Karelia yes 700,000 ± 5,000 14,000 ˜ 50   ?   1976  
Jebel Waqf as Suwwan impact crater Jordan, Maan yes 37,000 - 56,000 5,500     ?   2009  
Kaali crater Estonia, Saaremaa yes 5 ± 3 110 23 29 IAB, found 1794 1937 9 craters
Kalkkop crater South Africa, Eastern Cape yes 250 ± 50 640     ?   1993  
Kaluga impact crater Russia, Kaluga no 380,000 ± 5,000 15,000 0 500 ? 1969    
Kamensk astrobleme Russia, Rostov no 49,000 ± 200 25,000 0 800 ?     double crater with Gusev
Kamil crater Egypt, New Valley yes < 5 44.8 8 15.8 iron, found 2008 2009 ejecta rays
Kara impact structure Russia, Nenets no 70,300 ± 2,200 65,000 0 1,200 chondrite      
Kara-Kul impact structure Tajikistan, Kuhistoni-Badakhshon yes < 5,000 52,000     ? 1987 1993  
Kärdla crater Estonia, Hiiumaa no ˜ 455,000 4,000     ? 1967 1980  
Karikkoselkä impact structure Finland, Central Finland yes ˜ 230,000 1,500     ? 1996    
Karla astrobleme Russia, Tatarstan no 5,000 ± 1,000 10,000     ?      
Kelly West impact structure Australia, Northern Territory yes > 550,000 6,600     ? 1973    
Kentland impact structure United States, Indiana no < 97,000 13,000     ? the 19th century 1947  
Keurusselkä impact structure Finland, Central Finland and Pirkanmaa no < 1,800,000 30,000     ? 2003 2003  
Kgagodi impact structure Botswana, Central yes < 180,000 3,500   158 ? 1998 2002  
Kursk astrobleme Russia, Kursk no 250,000 ± 80,000 6,000 0 260 ?      
La Moinerie crater Canada, Quebec yes 400,000 ± 50,000 8,000     ?   1972  
Lappajärvi impact structure Finland, Southern Ostrobothnia yes 73,300 ± 5,300 23,000     chondrite 1967    
Lawn Hill impact structure Australia, Queensland yes > 515,000 18,000     ? the 1980s    
Liverpool crater Australia, Northern Territory yes 150,000 ± 70,000 1,600     ? the 1960s the 1970s?  
Lockne crater Sweden, Jämtland no 455,000 13,500     ?      
Logancha astrobleme Russia, Krasnoyarsk yes 40,000 ± 20,000 20,000 500   ?      
Logoisk impact structure Belarus, Minsk no 42,300 ± 1,100 15,000     ? 1973 1980?  
Lonar crater India, Maharashtra yes 570 ± 47 1,800 150 230 ?     possible smaller impact crater nearby
Luizi impact structure Congo Democratic Republic, Katanga yes < 573,000 17,000     ?   2011  
Lumparn crater Finland, Åland no ˜ 1,000,000 9,000     ? 1992    
Macha craters Russia, Sakha yes ˜ 7.3 300     iron 1984   five craters
Manicouagan impact crater Canada, Quebec yes 214,000 ± 1,000 85,000     ?      
Manson impact structure United States, Iowa no 73,800 ± 300 35,000     chondrite 1912 1966  
Maple Creek impact structure (White Valley) Canada, Saskatchewan no < 75,000 6,000     ? 1976 2006  
Marquez impact structure United States, Texas no 58,000 ± 2,000 12,700     ?      
Matt Wilson crater Australia, Northern Territory yes 1,402,000 ± 440,000 7,500     ?   2009  
Middlesboro impact structure United States, Kentucky yes < 300,000 6,000     ?   1962  
Mien impact structure Sweden, Kronoberg yes 121,000 ± 2,300 9,000     stone?      
Mishina Gora impact structure Russia, Pskov no 300,000 ± 50,000 2,500 0 600 ? 1933    
Mistastin impact structure Canada, Labrador and Newfoundland yes 36,400 ± 4,000 28,000     iron?   1968  
Mizarai impact structure Lithuania, Alytus no 500,000 ± 20,000 5,000   230 ? 1978    
Mjølnir impact structure Norway no 142,000 ± 2,600 40,000     ?   1998 marine impact crater
Montagnais impact structure Canada, Nova Scotia no 50,500 ± 760 45,000     ? 1987 1988 marine impact crater
Monturaqui crater Chile, II Antofagasta yes ~ 660,000 360 34   IAB 1966    
Morasko craters Poland, Poznan yes < 10 100     octahedrite fragments 1914 1914? 7 craters
Morokweng impact structure South Africa, North West no 145,000 ± 800 70,000     chondrite 1994 1994 found piece of asteroid
Mount Toondina impact structure Australia, South Australia yes < 110,000 4,000     ? 1976 1988  
Neugrund impact structure Estonia no ˜ 470,000 8,000     ? 1994   marine impact crater
Newporte impact structure United States, North Dacota no < 500,000 3,200     ?   1995  
Nicholson impact structure Canada, Northwest Territories yes < 400,000 12,500     achondrite      
Oasis impact stracter Libya, Kufra yes < 120,000 18,000     ?      
Obolon' astrobleme Ukraine, Poltava no 169,000 ± 7,000 20,000     iron? 1947 1976  
Odessa craters United States, Texas yes < 50 160 6   IAB 1892 1922 5 craters, meteorites found
Ouarkziz impact crater Algeria, Tindouf yes < 70,000 3,500     ?      
Paasselkä impact structure Finland, Southern Savonia yes ˜ 229,000 10,000 > 75   ?   1999  
Piccaninny impact structure Australia, Western Australia yes < 360,000 7,000     ? 1983 1985  
Pilot crater Canada, Northwest Territories yes 445,000 ± 2,000 6,000     ?      
Pingualuit crater (New Quebec) Canada, Quebec yes 1,400 ± 100 3,440 400 411 chondrite (L?) the 1940s 1962  
Popigai impact structure Russia, Krasnoyarsk yes 35,700 ± 200 90,000 > 200 2,000 chondrite 1946 1969  
Presqu'ile impact structure Canada, Quebec yes < 500,000 24,000     ?      
Prince Albert impact structure Canada, Victoria island yes 130,000 - 450,000 25,000     ? 2010    
Puchezh-Katunksk crater (Puchezh-Katunki) Russia, Nizhny Novgorod no 167,000 ± 3,000 80,000 0 1,900 ? 1965    
Ragozinka astrobleme Russia, Sverdlovsk no 46,000 ± 3,000 9,000 40 600 ?      
Ramgarh crater India yes ? 2,750 220   ?   2011? still discussed whether impact crater
Red Wing impact structure United States, North Dacota no 200,000 ± 25,000 9,000     ? 1972 1996  
Riachão Ring Brazil, Maranhão yes < 200,000 4,500     ? the 1980s 2012  
Ries crater (Nördlinger Ries) Germany, Bavaria yes 15,100 ± 100 24,000 150   achondrite   1960  
Ritland impact structure Norway yes 520,000 ± 20,000 2,700   350 ?   2011  
Rochechouart crater France, Limousin yes 214,000 ± 8,000 23,000     chondrite? Iron? the early 19th century 1969  
Rock Elm impact structure United States, Wisconsin no 430,000 - 455,000 6,000     ?      
Roter Kamm crater Namibia, Karas region yes 4,500 ± 500 2,500 130 > 200 ? the 1960s 1986  
Rotmistrivka astrobleme (Rotmistrovka) Ukraine, Cherkasy no 120,000 ± 10,000 2,700     ?      
Rubielos de la Cérida impact structure Spain, Aragon no 30,000 - 40,000 40,000           chain of craters, still discussed whether impact crater
Sääksjärvi impact crater Finland, Satakunta no ˜ 560,000 6,000     stony iron? 1969    
Saarijärvi impact structure Finland, Northern Ostrobothnia no > 600,000 1,500     ? 1997 1998  
Saint Martin crater structure Canada, Manitoba no 220,000 ± 32,000 40,000     ?   1970  
Santa Fe impact structure United States, New Mexico no < 1,200,000 13,000     ?   2008  
Santa Marta impact structure (Gilbues) Brazil, Piauí no   9,000       2000 2013  
Serpent Mound impact structure United States, Ohio yes < 320,000 8,000     ? the 1960s 1998  
Serra de Cangalha crater Brazil, Tocantins yes < 300,000 12,000     ? the 1960s 1986  
Shoemaker impact structure (Teague) Australia, Western Australia yes 1,630,000 ± 5,000 30,000     ? 1980    
Shunak crater Kazakhstan, Karagandy yes 45,000 ± 10,000 2,800 400 640 ?      
Sierra Madera impact structure United States, Texas yes < 100,000 13,000     ? 1938 1960  
Sikhote Alin meteor craters Russia, Primorsky yes 0.066 26 6 6 IIAB 1947 1947 several craters
Siljan ring Sweden, Dalarna yes 376,800 ± 1,700 52,000     ? the 1960s the 1960s  
Slate Islands impact structure Canada, Ontario yes ˜ 450,000 30,000 >100   ? 1975   largest known shatter cones in the world
Smerdyachee impact structure Russia, Moscow Oblast yes < 10 350 40     the 1980s 2008 possible two more craters
Sobolev crater Russia, Primorsky yes < 1 53 9   iron 1949 1982  
Söderfjärden crater Finland, Central Ostrobothnia yes ˜ 600,000 6 600     ? 1978    
Spider impact structure Australia, Western Australia yes > 570,000 13,000     ? the 1950s the 1970s  
Steen River impact structure Canada, Alberta no 91,000 ± 7,000 25,000     ?   1968  
Steinheim impact crater Germany, Baden-Württemberg yes 15,000 ± 1,000 3,800     ?      
Sterlitamak impact crater Russia, Bashkortostan yes 0.013 10 5 5 IIIAB 1990 1990  
Strangways impact structure Australia, Northern Territory yes 646,000 ± 42,000 25,000     achondrite 1971    
Suavjärvi impact structure Russia, Karelia no ˜ 2 400,000 16,000     ?      
Sudbury impact structure Canada, Ontario no 1 850,000 ± 3,000 130,000     ?   the 1960s  
Suvasvesi N impact structure Finland, Northern Savonia no < 1,000,000 5,000     ? 1993    
Suvasvesi S impact crater Finland, Northern Savonia no ? 4,000       2001    
Tabun Khara Obo crater Mongolia, Dornogovi yes 150,000 ± 20,000 1,300 25 ~ 200 ? the 1960s 2008  
Talemzane crater Algeria, Laghouat yes < 3,000 1,750     ? 1928    
Tenoumer crater Mauritania, Tiris Zemmour yes 21.4 ± 9.7 1,900 110 400 ? the 19th century 1970  
Ternovka astrobleme Ukraine, Dnipropetrovsk no 280,000 ± 10,000 11,000     chondrite?      
Tin Bider impact structure Algeria, Tamanghasset yes < 70,000 6,000     ? 1962    
Tookoonooka impact crater Australia, Queensland no 128,000 ± 5,000 55,000     ? 1989 1989  
Tswaing crater (Pretoria Saltpan) South Africa, Gauteng yes 220 ± 52 1,130 119 180 chondrite the 19th century 1990  
Tvären crater Sweden, Södermanland no ˜ 455,000 2,000     ?      
Upheaval Dome United States, Utah yes < 170,000 10,000 300   ?   2008  
Vargeão Dome Brazil, Santa Catarina yes < 70,000 12,000 225   ? 1978 1987  
Veevers crater Australia, Western Australia yes < 4,000 80 7   IIAB 1975 1984  
Vepriai impact structure Lithuania, Kaunas no > 160,000 ± 10,000 8,000     ? 1978    
Viewfield crater Canada, Saskatchewan no 190,000 ± 20,000 2,500 0 100 ? 1972    
Vista Alegre impact structure Brazil, Paraná yes < 65,000 9,500     ? 2004 2010  
Vredefort impact structure South Africa, Free State yes 2,023,000 ± 4,000 160,000     chondrite the 1940s the 1960s  
Wabar craters Saudi Arabia yes 0.3? 116 2 12.5 IIAB iron 1932 1933 three craters, now covered with sand
Wanapitei impact structure Canada, Ontario yes 37,200 ± 1,200 3,500     chondrite   1972  
Wells Creek impact structure United States, Tennessee yes 200,000 ± 100,000 12,000     ?     fine shatter cones
West Hawk impact structure Canada, Manitoba yes 351,000 ± 20,000 2,440 66   ?      
Wetumpka impact crater United States, Alabama yes 81,000 ± 1,500 6,500     chondrite? 1969 1998  
Whitecourt crater Canada, Alberta yes < 1.13 36 6   IIIAB iron 2008 2008 meteorites found
Wolfe Creek crater Australia, Western Australia yes < 300 875 55 130 IIIAB 1947    
Woodleigh impact structure Australia, Western Australia no 364,000 ± 8,000 90,000     ? 2000 2000  
Xiuyan crater (Luoquanli) China, Liaoning yes > 50 1,800 150 257 ? the 1970s 2010  
Yarrabubba impact crater Australia, Western Australia no ˜ 2,000,000 30,000     ? 2003 2003  
Zapadnaya crater Ukraine, Vinnytsia no 165,000 ± 5,000 3,200     ?      
Zeleny Gai impact structure Ukraine, Kirovohrad no 80,000 ± 20,000 3,500     ?      
Zhamanshin crater Kazakhstan, Aktobe yes 900 ± 100 14,000 270 > 500 chondrite (iron?) 1939 1975 tectites inside the crater

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