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List of confirmed impact craters of the world

Pingualuit crater, Canada
Pingualuit crater / NASA, Wikimedia Commons, public domain

WorldYellow Confirmed impact structures on Earth

The list below includes all scientifically confirmed impact craters on Earth by February 2020: 190 impact structures. Contrary to the mainstream list, this one includes the Sterlitamak impact crater – it appeared in 1990, was absolutely confirmed, and still is there.

 

Explanations to the table

  • Name in fact can be different. Many impact craters can be called impact structures or astroblemes. It is important to separate the names of lakes from the names of craters: the area of the crater never is the same as the area of the lake. Thus Kaalijärv is not the same as the Kaali crater. Kaalijärv (järv is a lake in Estonian) is a lake with a diameter of 30 to 60 m, but Kaali crater has a diameter of 110 m.
  • Visible craters are those, which can be deciphered as craters by looking at them in nature or in images, e.g. they are not hidden under the layer of sediments or too eroded.
  • Age in most cases is a (more or less) wild guess by the rare specialists who have visited the place or a very rough estimate of some scientific research. It happens that one method gives the age of e.g. 7 million years and another: 2 million years. Specialists then might agree that the age is somewhere between 7 and 2 million years (what also is a wild guess) and it finally ends with “this crater is 5.5 million years old” written in a popular science magazine. And soon after it is written in all tourists’ booklets, information signs, guidebooks, etc. Everyone seems to be happy and confident about such figures, except for scientists themselves…
  • Diameter is measured between the rims (or ridges if any) of crater. Impact craters smaller than 10 m in diameter (e.g. Kunya-Urgench in Turkmenistan) are not included here. It is hard to measure the diameter of large craters (e.g. it is unclear where ends the smash in Earth’s crust), and, of course, nearly impossible to know the diameter of craters whose upper part has eroded.
  • Visible depth is a maximum height difference between the highest place of the rim and the deepest place in the bottom of the crater. If there is a lake, its depth is included.
  • Whole depth is the same visible depth plus the thickness of sediments in the crater, which accrued after the impact. In large explosions, the bottom of the crater is covered with breccia – pieces of rocks that fell back right after the impact. This layer, in general, is not included.
  • Meteorite – what type of meteorite created this crater, is it found?
  • Discovery – when discovered by scientists. Sorry, the knowledge of local non-scientist folks here does not count.
  • Proved – when the impact origin was proved. Sometimes it takes much time and effort.

 

Other articles

WorldViolet The table

Name Country, region Visible? Age (thousands of years) Diameter (m) Visible depth (m) Whole depth (m) Meteorite Discovery Confirmed Remarks
Aorounga crater Chad, Borkou yes <345000 12600 ? 1988?
Aouelloul crater Mauritania, Adrar yes 3100 ± 300 390 53 76 iron (IIIB, IIID) 1938 1951 smaller crater nearby
Araguainha crater Brazil, Mato Grosso yes 244400 ± 3250 40000 ? 1969 1982?
Avak impact structure United States, Alaska no 3000 – 95000 12000 0 1000 ? the late 1940s? 1996
B.P. Structure Libya, Kufra yes <120000 2000 ?
Barringer crater (Meteor crater) United States, Arizona yes 49 ± 3 1180 170 400 IAB the 19th century 1906
Beaverhead impact crater United States, Montana no ˜ 600000 60000 ? 1990
Beyenchime – Salaatin crater Russia, Sakha yes 40000 ± 20000 8000 70 ? double crater?
Bigach astrobleme Kazakhstan, East Kazakhstan yes 5000 ± 3000 8000 70 ˜ 470 ?
Boltysh impact crater Ukraine, Kirovohrad no 65170 ± 640 24000 1000 chondrite 1973?
Bosumtwi crater Ghana, Ashanti Region yes 1070 10500 380 750 chondrite the 1960s
Boxhole crater Australia, Northern Territory yes 5.4 ± 1.5 170 IIAB 1937
Brent crater Canada, Ontario yes ˜ 452000 3800 60 320 chondrite 1951 the 1970s
Calvin impact crater United States, Michigan no 450000 ± 10000 8500 ? 1987 1992
Campo del Cielo Argentina, Chaco and Santiago del Estero yes <4 50 coarse octahedrite to granular hexahedrite
Carancas crater Peru, Puno yes 0.005 13.5 4.5 4.5 chondrite 2007 2007
Carswell impact structure Canada, Saskatchewan yes 115000 ± 10000 39000 ? 1965
Charlevoix impact structure (La Malbaie) Canada, Quebec yes 342000 ± 15000 54000 ? 1965
Chesapeake Bay impact structure United States, Virginia no 35500 ± 300 40000 ? 1983 the 1990s
Chicxulub crater Mexico, Yucatan no 64980 ± 50 150000 chondrite 1978 the 1990s
Chiyli dome Kazakhstan, Aktobe yes 46000 ± 7000 5500 ?
Chukcha impact crater Russia, Krasnoyarsk yes 75000 ± 25000 6000 200 ?
Clearwater East crater Canada, Quebec yes 290000 ± 20000 26000 chondrite the 19th century 1965
Clearwater West crater Canada, Quebec yes 290000 ± 20000 36000 ? the 19th century 1965
Cloud Creek impact structure United States, Wyoming no 190000 ± 30000 7000 ? 1999 2003
Colônia crater Brazil, São Paulo yes 5000 – 36000 3600 125 450 ?
Connolly Basin impact structure Australia, Western Australia yes <60000 9000 ? 1986 1986
Couture crater Canada, Quebec yes 430000 ± 25000 8000 120 ?
Crawford impact structure Australia, South Australia no > 35000 8500 ?
Crooked Creek impact structure United States, Missouri yes 320000 ± 80000 7000 ?
Dalgaranga crater Australia, Western Australia yes ~ 270 24 3 stony iron 1938 1960
Decaturville impact structure United states, Missouri yes <300000 6000 ? 1977
Deep Bay crater Canada, Saskatchewan yes 99000 ± 4000 13000 320 ?
Dellen impact crater Sweden, Gävleborg yes 89000 ± 2700 19000 stone? 1992
Des Plaines impact structure United States, Illinois no <280000 8000 ? the 19th century
Dhala impact structure India, Madhya Pradesh yes 2100000 – 1700000 11000 ? 2008
Dobele impact structure Latvia, Zemgale no 290000 ± 35000 4500 ?
Eagle Butte impact structure Canada, Alberta no <65000 10000 ? 1975
Elbow impact structure Canada, Saskatchewan no 395000 ± 25000 8000 ? 1975 1998
El’gygytgyn crater Russia, Chukotka yes 3500 ± 500 18000 420 achondrite
Flaxman impact structure Australia, South Australia no > 35000 10000 ?
Flynn Creek impact structure United States, Tennessee yes 360000 ± 20000 3800 ? 1869 1957
Foelsche impact structure Australia, Northern Territory yes > 545000 6000 ? 2002
Gardnos impact structure Norway, Buskerud no 500000 ± 10000 5000 chondrite 1945 1997
Glasford impact structure United States, Illinois no <430000 4000 ? the 1950s
Glikson impact structure Australia, Western Australia no 508000 ± 5000 19000 ? 1997 2005
Glover Bluff impact structure United States, Wisconsin no <500000 8000 ?
Goat Paddock crater Australia, Western Australia no <50000 5100 ? 1980
Gosses Bluff crater Australia, Northern Territory yes 142500 ± 800 22000 ? the 1960s the 1970s
Gow impact structure Canada, Saskatchewan yes <250000 5000 iron? 1972
Goyder impact structure Australia, Northern Territory yes <1400000 3000 ? 1996?
Granby impact structure Sweden, Östergötland no ˜ 470000 3000 ?
Gusev crater Russia, Rostov no 49000 ± 200 3000 0 600 ?
Gweni-Fada impact structure Chad, Ennedi yes <345000 14000 ? 1996
Haughton impact structure Canada, Nunavut yes 39000 23000 ? 1974 originally diameter 24 km
Haviland crater (Brenham crater) United States, Kansas yes <1 16.8 3.5 pallasite 1925 1925 destroyed by human activities
Henbury meteorite craters Australia, Northern Territory yes 4.2 ± 1.9 150 IIIAB 1899 1931 13 – 14 craters
Hiawatha impact crater Greenland yes 3500 – 12 31000 IIIAB 2018 2018 became visible with the retreat of glacier
Holleford crater Canada, Ontario yes 550000 ± 100000 2350 30 244 ? the 1950s the 1950s
Hummeln structure Sweden, Smaland yes 443000 – 470000 1200 the 1960s 2015
Ile Rouleau impact structure Canada, Quebec no <300000 4000 ?
Ilumetsä meteorite craters Estonia, Põlvamaa yes > 6.6 80 ? 2001?
Ilyinets impact structure Ukraine, Vinnytsia no 378000 ± 5000 8500 iron?
Iso-Naakkima impact structure Finland, Southern Savonia no > 1000000 3000 ? 1993
Jänisjärvi astrobleme Russia, Karelia yes 700000 ± 5000 14000 ˜ 50 ? 1976
Jabel Waqf as Suwwan crater Jordan, Maan yes 37000 – 56000 5500 ? 2009
Kaali crater Estonia, Saaremaa yes 5 ± 3 110 23 29 IAB, found 1794 1937 9 craters
Kalkkop crater South Africa, Eastern Cape yes 250 ± 50 640 ? 1993
Kaluga impact crater Russia, Kaluga no 380000 ± 5000 15000 0 500 ? 1969
Kamensk astrobleme Russia, Rostov no 49000 ± 200 25000 0 800 ? double crater with Gusev
Kamil crater Egypt, New Valley yes <5 44.8 8 15.8 iron, found 2008 2009 ejecta rays
Kara impact structure Russia, Nenets no 70300 ± 2200 65000 0 1200 chondrite
Karakul impact structure Tajikistan, Kuhistoni-Badakhshon yes <5000 52000 ? 1987 1993
Kärdla crater Estonia, Hiiumaa no ˜ 455000 4000 ? 1967 1980
Karikkoselkä impact structure Finland, Central Finland yes ˜ 230000 1500 ? 1996
Karla astrobleme Russia, Tatarstan no 5000 ± 1000 10000 ?
Kelly West impact structure Australia, Northern Territory yes > 550000 6600 ? 1973
Kentland impact structure United States, Indiana no <97000 13000 ? the 19th century 1947
Keurusselkä impact structure Finland, Central Finland and Pirkanmaa no <1800000 30000 ? 2003 2003
Kgagodi impact structure Botswana, Central yes <180000 3500 158 ? 1998 2002
Kursk astrobleme Russia, Kursk no 250000 ± 80000 6000 0 260 ?
La Moinerie crater Canada, Quebec yes 400000 ± 50000 8000 ? 1972
Lappajärvi impact structure Finland, Southern Ostrobothnia yes 73300 ± 5300 23000 chondrite 1967
Lawn Hill impact structure Australia, Queensland yes > 515000 18000 ? the 1980s
Liverpool crater Australia, Northern Territory yes 150000 ± 70000 1600 ? the 1960s the 1970s?
Lockne crater Sweden, Jämtland no 455000 13500 ?
Logancha astrobleme Russia, Krasnoyarsk yes 40000 ± 20000 20000 500 ?
Logoisk impact structure Belarus, Minsk no 42300 ± 1100 15000 ? 1973 1980?
Lonar crater India, Maharashtra yes 570 ± 47 1800 150 230 ? possible smaller impact crater nearby
Luizi impact structure Congo Democratic Republic, Katanga yes <573000 17000 ? 2011
Lumparn crater Finland, Åland no ˜ 1000000 9000 ? 1992
Macha craters Russia, Sakha yes ˜ 7.3 300 iron 1984 five craters
Malingen crater Sweden, Jämtland no 458000 1000 145 2015
Manicouagan impact crater Canada, Quebec yes 214000 ± 1000 85000 ?
Manson impact structure United States, Iowa no 73800 ± 300 35000 chondrite 1912 1966
Maple Creek impact structure (White Valley) Canada, Saskatchewan no <75000 6000 ? 1976 2006
Marquez impact structure United States, Texas no 58000 ± 2000 12700 ?
Matt Wilson crater Australia, Northern Territory yes 1402000 ± 440000 7500 ? 2009
Middlesboro impact structure United States, Kentucky yes <300000 6000 ? 1962
Mien impact structure Sweden, Kronoberg yes 121000 ± 2300 9000 stone?
Mishina Gora impact structure Russia, Pskov no 300000 ± 50000 2500 0 600 ? 1933
Mistastin impact structure Canada, Labrador and Newfoundland yes 36400 ± 4000 28000 iron? 1968
Mizarai impact structure Lithuania, Alytus no 500000 ± 20000 5000 230 ? 1978
Mjølnir impact structure Norway no 142000 ± 2600 40000 ? 1998 marine impact crater
Montagnais impact structure Canada, Nova Scotia no 50500 ± 760 45000 ? 1987 1988 marine impact crater
Monturaqui crater Chile, II Antofagasta yes ~ 660000 360 34 IAB 1966
Morasko craters Poland, Poznan yes <10 100 octahedrite fragments 1914 1914? 7 craters
Morokweng impact structure South Africa, North West no 145000 ± 800 70000 chondrite 1994 1994 found piece of asteroid
Mount Toondina impact structure Australia, South Australia yes <110000 4000 ? 1976 1988
Neugrund impact structure Estonia no ˜ 470000 8000 ? 1994 marine impact crater
Newporte impact structure United States, North Dakota no <500000 3200 ? 1995
Nicholson impact structure Canada, Northwest Territories yes <400000 12500 achondrite
Nördlinger Ries (Ries crater) Germany, Bavaria yes 15100 ± 100 24000 150 achondrite 1960
Oasis impact stracter Libya, Kufra yes <120000 18000 ?
Obolon’ astrobleme Ukraine, Poltava no 169000 ± 7000 20000 iron? 1947 1976
Odessa craters United States, Texas yes <50 160 6 IAB 1892 1922 5 craters, meteorites found
Ouarkziz impact crater Algeria, Tindouf yes <70000 3500 ?
Paasselkä impact structure Finland, Southern Savonia yes ˜ 229000 10000 > 75 ? 1999
Piccaninny impact structure Australia, Western Australia yes <360000 7000 ? 1983 1985
Pilot crater Canada, Northwest Territories yes 445000 ± 2000 6000 ?
Pingualuit crater (New Quebec) Canada, Quebec yes 1400 ± 100 3440 400 411 chondrite (L?) the 1940s 1962
Popigai impact structure Russia, Krasnoyarsk yes 35700 ± 200 90000 > 200 2000 chondrite 1946 1969
Presqu’ile impact structure Canada, Quebec yes <500000 24000 ?
Puchezh-Katunksk crater (Puchezh-Katunki) Russia, Nizhny Novgorod no 167000 ± 3000 80000 0 1900 ? 1965
Ragozinka astrobleme Russia, Sverdlovsk no 46000 ± 3000 9000 40 600 ?
Red Wing impact structure United States, North Dakota no 200000 ± 25000 9000 ? 1972 1996
Riachão Ring Brazil, Maranhão yes <200000 4500 ? the 1980s 2012
Ritland impact structure Norway yes 520000 ± 20000 2700 350 ? 2011
Rochechouart crater France, Limousin yes 214000 ± 8000 23000 chondrite? Iron? the early 19th century 1969
Rock Elm impact structure United States, Wisconsin no 430000 – 455000 6000 ?
Roter Kamm crater Namibia, Karas region yes 4500 ± 500 2500 130 > 200 ? the 1960s 1986
Rotmistrivka astrobleme (Rotmistrovka) Ukraine, Cherkasy no 120000 ± 10000 2700 ?
Sääksjärvi impact crater Finland, Satakunta no ˜ 560000 6000 stony iron? 1969
Saarijärvi impact structure Finland, Northern Ostrobothnia no > 600000 1500 ? 1997 1998
Saint Martin crater structure Canada, Manitoba no 220000 ± 32000 40000 ? 1970
Santa Fe impact structure United States, New Mexico no <1200000 13000 ? 2008
Santa Marta impact structure (Gilbues) Brazil, Piauí no 9000 2000 2013
Saqqar impact structure Saudi Arabia, Hawf no 70000 – 410000 34000 2014 2015
Serpent Mound impact structure United States, Ohio yes <320000 8000 ? the 1960s 1998
Serra de Cangalha crater Brazil, Tocantins yes <300000 12000 ? the 1960s 1986
Shoemaker impact structure (Teague) Australia, Western Australia yes 1630000 ± 5000 30000 ? 1980
Shunak crater Kazakhstan, Karagandy yes 45000 ± 10000 2800 400 640 ?
Sierra Madera impact structure United States, Texas yes <100000 13000 ? 1938 1960
Sikhote Alin meteor craters Russia, Primorsky yes 0.066 26 6 6 IIAB 1947 1947 several craters
Siljan ring Sweden, Dalarna yes 376800 ± 1700 52000 ? the 1960s the 1960s
Slate Islands impact structure Canada, Ontario yes ˜ 450000 30000 >100 ? 1975 largest known shatter cones in the world
Sobolev crater Russia, Primorsky yes <1 53 9 iron 1949 1982
Söderfjärden crater Finland, Central Ostrobothnia yes ˜ 600000 6600 ? 1978
Spider impact structure Australia, Western Australia yes > 570000 13000 ? the 1950s the 1970s
Steen River impact structure Canada, Alberta no 91000 ± 7000 25000 ? 1968
Steinheim impact crater Germany, Baden-Württemberg yes 15000 ± 1000 3800 ?
Sterlitamak impact crater Russia, Bashkortostan yes 0.013 10 5 5 IIIAB 1990 1990
Strangways impact structure Australia, Northern Territory yes 646000 ± 42000 25000 achondrite 1971
Suavjärvi impact structure Russia, Karelia no ˜ 2 400000 16000 ?
Sudbury impact structure Canada, Ontario no 1850000 ± 3000 130000 ? the 1960s
Suvasvesi N impact structure Finland, Northern Savonia no <1000000 5000 ? 1993
Suvasvesi S impact crater Finland, Northern Savonia no ? 4000 2001
Tabun Khara Obo crater Mongolia, Dornogovi yes 150000 ± 20000 1300 25 ~ 200 ? the 1960s 2008
Talemzane crater Algeria, Laghouat yes <3000 1750 ? 1928
Tenoumer crater Mauritania, Tiris Zemmour yes 21.4 ± 9.7 1900 110 400 ? the 19th century 1970
Ternovka astrobleme Ukraine, Dnipropetrovsk no 280000 ± 10000 11000 chondrite?
Tin Bider impact structure Algeria, Tamanghasset yes <70000 6000 ? 1962
Tookoonooka impact crater Australia, Queensland no 128000 ± 5000 55000 ? 1989 1989
Tswaing crater (Pretoria Saltpan) South Africa, Gauteng yes 220 ± 52 1130 119 180 chondrite the 19th century 1990
Tunnunik impact crater (Prince Albert impact structure) Canada, Victoria island yes 130000 – 450000 25000 ? 2010 2013
Tvären crater Sweden, Södermanland no ˜ 455000 2000 ?
Upheaval Dome United States, Utah yes <170000 10000 300 ? 2008
Vargeão Dome Brazil, Santa Catarina yes <70000 12000 225 ? 1978 1987
Veevers crater Australia, Western Australia yes <4000 80 7 IIAB 1975 1984
Vepriai impact structure Lithuania, Kaunas no > 160000 ± 10000 8000 ? 1978
Viewfield crater Canada, Saskatchewan no 190000 ± 20000 2500 0 100 ? 1972
Vista Alegre impact structure Brazil, Paraná yes <65000 9500 ? 2004 2010
Vredefort impact structure South Africa, Free State yes 2023000 ± 4000 160000 chondrite the 1940s the 1960s
Wabar craters Saudi Arabia yes 0.3? 116 2 12.5 IIAB iron 1932 1933 three craters, now covered with sand
Wanapitei impact structure Canada, Ontario yes 37200 ± 1200 3500 chondrite 1972
Wells Creek impact structure United States, Tennessee yes 200000 ± 100000 12000 ? fine shatter cones
West Hawk impact structure Canada, Manitoba yes 351000 ± 20000 2440 66 ?
Wetumpka impact crater United States, Alabama yes 81000 ± 1500 6500 chondrite? 1969 1998
Whitecourt crater Canada, Alberta yes <1.13 36 6 IIIAB iron 2008 2008 meteorites found
Wolfe crater Australia, Western Australia yes <300 875 55 130 IIIAB 1947
Woodleigh impact structure Australia, Western Australia no 364000 ± 8000 90000 ? 2000 2000
Xiuyan crater (Luoquanli) China, Liaoning yes > 50 1800 150 257 ? the 1970s 2010
Yarrabubba impact crater Australia, Western Australia no ˜ 2000000 30000 ? 2003 2003
Zapadnaya crater Ukraine, Vinnytsia no 165000 ± 5000 3200 ?
Zeleny Gai impact structure Ukraine, Kirovohrad no 80000 ± 20000 3500 ?
Zhamanshin crater Kazakhstan, Aktobe yes 900 ± 100 14000 270 > 500 chondrite (iron?) 1939 1975 tectites inside the crater

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