List of confirmed impact craters of the world

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Pingualuit crater, Canada
Pingualuit crater / NASA, Wikimedia Commons, public domain

Confirmed impact structures on Earth

The list below includes all scientifically confirmed impact craters on Earth by March 2019: 191 impact structures. Contrary to mainstream list, this one includes Sterlitamak impact crater – it appeared in 1990, was absolutely confirmed and still is there.

Explanations to the table

  • Name in fact can be different. Many impact craters can be called impact structures or astroblemes. It is important to separate the names of lakes from the names of craters because the area of crater never is the same as the area of the lake. Thus Kaalijärv is not the same as Kaali crater. Kaalijärv (järv is a lake in Estonian) is a lake with a diameter of 30 to 60 m, but Kaali crater has a diameter of 110 m.
  • Visible craters are those, which can be deciphered as craters by looking on them in nature or in images, e.g. they are not hidden under the layer of sediments or too eroded.
  • Age in most cases is a (more or less) wild guess by the rare specialists who have visited the place or very rough estimate of some scientific research. It happens that one method gives the age of e.g. 7 million years and another: 2 million years. Specialists then might agree that the age is somewhere between 7 and 2 million years (what also is a wild guess) and it finally ends with "this crater is 5.5 million years old" written in a popular science magazine. And soon after it is written in all tourists booklets, information signs, guidebooks etc. Everyone seems to be happy and confident about such figures, except for scientists themselves…
  • Diameter is measured between the rims (or ridges if any) of crater. Impact craters smaller than 10 m in diameter (e.g. Kunya-Urgench in Turkmenistan) are not included here. It is hard to measure a diameter of large craters (e.g. it is unclear where ends the smash in Earth’s crust), and, of course, nearly impossible to know the diameter of craters whose upper part has eroded.
  • Visible depth is a maximum height difference between the highest place of the rim and deepest place in the bottom of the crater. If there is a lake, its depth is included.
  • Whole depth is the same visible depth plus the thickness of sediments in the crater, which accrued there after the impact. In large explosions, the bottom of the crater is covered with breccia – pieces of rocks which fell back right after the impact. This layer, in general, is not included.
  • Meteorite – what type of meteorite created this crater, is it found?
  • Discovery – when discovered by scientists. Sorry, the knowledge of local non-scientist folks here does not count.
  • Proved – when the impact origin was proved. Sometimes it takes much time and effort.

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Impact Craters of Earth


Craters have been found on planets and moons throughout the solar system, caused when asteroids or meteors have collided with them. Our Earth has not escaped these impacts, and nearly 200 craters are known on Earth today. Some are easily visited, others are in locations few would ever want to get near. This book details all the known terrestrial impact craters, telling their age, size, and other details, as well as highlighting those easily visited.

The table

NameCountry, regionVisible?Age (thousands of years)Diameter (m)Visible depth (m)Whole depth (m)MeteoriteDiscoveryConfirmedRemarks
Acraman craterAustralia, South Australiayes˜ 590,00090,000325?chondrite19861989created global crisis in late Vendian, upper 2.5 km of crater eroded
Agoudal impact structure (Imilchil)Morocco, Centre-Southyes?   IIAB20002013Strewnfield of meteorite
Amelia Creek impact structureAustralia, Northern Territoryno600,000 – 1,640,00020,0000??20032003very oblique
Ames impact structureUnited States, Oklahomano470,000 ± 30,00016,0000 ? 1992rich find of oil
Amguid craterAlgeria, Tamanghassetyes< 10051565??1948the 1960s 
Aorounga craterChad, Borkouyes< 345,00012 600  ?1988?  
Aouelloul craterMauritania, Adraryes3,100 ± 3003905376iron (IIIB, IIID)19381951smaller crater nearby
Araguainha craterBrazil, Mato Grossoyes244,400 ± 3,25040,000  ?19691982? 
Avak impact structureUnited States, Alaskano3,000 – 95,00012,00001,000?the late 1940s?1996 
B.P. StructureLibya, Kufrayes< 120,0002,000  ?   
Barringer crater (Meteor crater)United States, Arizonayes49 ± 31,180170400IABthe 19th century1906 
Beaverhead impact craterUnited States, Montanano˜ 600,00060,000  ? 1990 
Beyenchime – Salaatin craterRussia, Sakhayes40,000 ± 20,0008,00070 ?  double crater?
Bigach astroblemeKazakhstan, East Kazakhstanyes5,000 ± 3,0008,00070˜ 470?   
Boltysh impact craterUkraine, Kirovohradno65,170 ± 64024,000 1,000chondrite1973?  
Bosumtwi craterGhana, Ashanti Regionyes1,07010,500380750chondrite the 1960s 
Boxhole craterAustralia, Northern Territoryyes5.4 ± 1.5170  IIAB1937  
Brent craterCanada, Ontarioyes˜ 452,0003,80060320chondrite1951the 1970s 
Calvin impact craterUnited States, Michiganno450,000 ± 10,0008,500  ?19871992 
Campo del CieloArgentina, Chaco and Santiago del Esteroyes< 450  coarse octahedrite to granular hexahedrite   
Carancas craterPeru, Punoyes0.00513.54.54.5chondrite20072007 
Carswell impact structureCanada, Saskatchewanyes115,000 ± 10,00039,000  ?1965  
Charlevoix impact structure (La Malbaie)Canada, Quebecyes342,000 ± 15,00054,000  ? 1965 
Chesapeake Bay impact structureUnited States, Virginiano35,500 ± 30040,000  ?1983the 1990s 
Chicxulub craterMexico, Yucatanno64,980 ± 50150,000  chondrite1978the 1990s 
Chiyli domeKazakhstan, Aktobeyes46,000 ± 7,0005,500  ?   
Chukcha impact craterRussia, Krasnoyarskyes75,000 ± 25,0006,000200 ?   
Clearwater East craterCanada, Quebecyes290,000 ± 20,00026,000  chondritethe 19th century1965 
Clearwater West craterCanada, Quebecyes290,000 ± 20,00036,000  ?the 19th century1965 
Cloud Creek impact structureUnited States, Wyomingno190,000 ± 30,0007,000  ?19992003 
Colônia craterBrazil, São Pauloyes5,000 – 36,0003,600125450?   
Connolly Basin impact structureAustralia, Western Australiayes< 60,0009,000  ?19861986 
Couture craterCanada, Quebecyes430,000 ± 25,0008,000120 ?   
Crawford impact structureAustralia, South Australiano> 35,0008,500  ?   
Crooked Creek impact structureUnited States, Missouriyes320,000 ± 80,0007,000  ?   
Dalgaranga craterAustralia, Western Australiayes~ 270243 stony iron19381960 
Decaturville impact structureUnited states, Missouriyes< 300,0006,000  ? 1977 
Deep Bay craterCanada, Saskatchewanyes99,000 ± 4,00013,000320 ?   
Dellen impact craterSweden, Gävleborgyes89,000 ± 2,70019,000  stone? 1992 
Des Plaines impact structureUnited States, Illinoisno< 280,0008,000  ?the 19th century  
Dhala impact structureIndia, Madhya Pradeshyes2,100,000 – 1,700,00011,000  ? 2008 
Dobele impact structureLatvia, Zemgaleno290,000 ± 35,0004,500  ?   
Eagle Butte impact structureCanada, Albertano< 65,00010,000  ?1975  
Elbow impact structureCanada, Saskatchewanno395,000 ± 25,0008,000  ?19751998 
El’gygytgyn craterRussia, Chukotkayes3,500 ± 50018,000420 achondrite   
Flaxman impact structureAustralia, South Australiano> 35,00010,000  ?   
Flynn Creek impact structureUnited States, Tennesseeyes360,000 ± 20,0003,800  ?18691957 
Foelsche impact structureAustralia, Northern Territoryyes> 545,0006,000  ?2002  
Gardnos impact structureNorway, Buskerudno500,000 ± 10,0005,000  chondrite19451997 
Glasford impact structureUnited States, Illinoisno< 430,0004,000  ?the 1950s  
Glikson impact structureAustralia, Western Australiano508,000 ± 5,00019,000  ?19972005 
Glover Bluff impact structureUnited States, Wisconsinno< 500,0008,000  ?   
Goat Paddock craterAustralia, Western Australiano< 50,0005,100  ? 1980 
Gosses Bluff craterAustralia, Northern Territoryyes142,500 ± 80022,000  ?the 1960sthe 1970s 
Gow impact structureCanada, Saskatchewanyes< 250,0005,000  iron? 1972 
Goyder impact structureAustralia, Northern Territoryyes< 1,400,0003,000  ? 1996? 
Granby impact structureSweden, Östergötlandno˜ 470,0003,000  ?   
Gusev craterRussia, Rostovno49,000 ± 2003,0000600?   
Gweni-Fada impact structureChad, Ennediyes< 345,00014,000  ? 1996 
Haughton impact structureCanada, Nunavutyes39,00023,000  ? 1974originally diameter 24 km
Haviland crater (Brenham crater)United States, Kansasyes< 116.83.5 pallasite19251925destroyed by human activities
Henbury meteorite cratersAustralia, Northern Territoryyes4.2 ± 1.9150  IIIAB1899193113 – 14 craters
Hiawatha impact craterGreenlandyes3,500 – 1231,000  IIIAB20182018became visible with the retreat of glacier
Holleford craterCanada, Ontarioyes550,000 ± 100,0002,35030244?the 1950sthe 1950s 
Hummeln structureSweden, Smalandyes443,000 – 470,0001,200   the 1960s2015 
Ile Rouleau impact structureCanada, Quebecno< 300,0004,000  ?   
Ilumetsä meteorite cratersEstonia, Põlvamaayes> 6.680  ? 2001? 
Ilyinets impact structureUkraine, Vinnytsiano378,000 ± 5,0008 500  iron?   
Iso-Naakkima impact structureFinland, Southern Savoniano> 1,000,0003,000  ?1993  
Jänisjärvi astroblemeRussia, Kareliayes700,000 ± 5,00014,000˜ 50 ? 1976 
Jabel Waqf as Suwwan craterJordan, Maanyes37,000 – 56,0005,500  ? 2009 
Kaali craterEstonia, Saaremaayes5 ± 31102329IAB, found179419379 craters
Kalkkop craterSouth Africa, Eastern Capeyes250 ± 50640  ? 1993 
Kaluga impact craterRussia, Kalugano380,000 ± 5,00015,0000500?1969  
Kamensk astroblemeRussia, Rostovno49,000 ± 20025,0000800?  double crater with Gusev
Kamil craterEgypt, New Valleyyes< 544.8815.8iron, found20082009ejecta rays
Kara impact structureRussia, Nenetsno70,300 ± 2,20065,00001,200chondrite   
Karakul impact structureTajikistan, Kuhistoni-Badakhshonyes< 5,00052,000  ?19871993 
Kärdla craterEstonia, Hiiumaano˜ 455,0004,000  ?19671980 
Karikkoselkä impact structureFinland, Central Finlandyes˜ 230,0001,500  ?1996  
Karla astroblemeRussia, Tatarstanno5,000 ± 1,00010,000  ?   
Kelly West impact structureAustralia, Northern Territoryyes> 550,0006,600  ?1973  
Kentland impact structureUnited States, Indianano< 97,00013,000  ?the 19th century1947 
Keurusselkä impact structureFinland, Central Finland and Pirkanmaano< 1,800,00030,000  ?20032003 
Kgagodi impact structureBotswana, Centralyes< 180,0003,500 158?19982002 
Kursk astroblemeRussia, Kurskno250,000 ± 80,0006,0000260?   
La Moinerie craterCanada, Quebecyes400,000 ± 50,0008,000  ? 1972 
Lappajärvi impact structureFinland, Southern Ostrobothniayes73,300 ± 5,30023,000  chondrite1967  
Lawn Hill impact structureAustralia, Queenslandyes> 515,00018,000  ?the 1980s  
Liverpool craterAustralia, Northern Territoryyes150,000 ± 70,0001,600  ?the 1960sthe 1970s? 
Lockne craterSweden, Jämtlandno455,00013,500  ?   
Logancha astroblemeRussia, Krasnoyarskyes40,000 ± 20,00020,000500 ?   
Logoisk impact structureBelarus, Minskno42,300 ± 1,10015,000  ?19731980? 
Lonar craterIndia, Maharashtrayes570 ± 471,800150230?  possible smaller impact crater nearby
Luizi impact structureCongo Democratic Republic, Katangayes< 573,00017,000  ? 2011 
Lumparn craterFinland, Ålandno˜ 1,000,0009,000  ?1992  
Macha cratersRussia, Sakhayes˜ 7.3300  iron1984 five craters
Malingen craterSweden, Jämtlandno458,0001,000 145  2015 
Manicouagan impact craterCanada, Quebecyes214,000 ± 1,00085,000  ?   
Manson impact structureUnited States, Iowano73,800 ± 30035,000  chondrite19121966 
Maple Creek impact structure (White Valley)Canada, Saskatchewanno< 75,0006,000  ?19762006 
Marquez impact structureUnited States, Texasno58,000 ± 2,00012,700  ?   
Matt Wilson craterAustralia, Northern Territoryyes1,402,000 ± 440,0007,500  ? 2009 
Middlesboro impact structureUnited States, Kentuckyyes< 300,0006,000  ? 1962 
Mien impact structureSweden, Kronobergyes121,000 ± 2,3009,000  stone?   
Mishina Gora impact structureRussia, Pskovno300,000 ± 50,0002,5000600?1933  
Mistastin impact structureCanada, Labrador and Newfoundlandyes36,400 ± 4,00028,000  iron? 1968 
Mizarai impact structureLithuania, Alytusno500,000 ± 20,0005,000 230?1978  
Mjølnir impact structureNorwayno142,000 ± 2,60040,000  ? 1998marine impact crater
Montagnais impact structureCanada, Nova Scotiano50,500 ± 76045,000  ?19871988marine impact crater
Monturaqui craterChile, II Antofagastayes~ 660,00036034 IAB1966  
Morasko cratersPoland, Poznanyes< 10100  octahedrite fragments19141914?7 craters
Morokweng impact structureSouth Africa, North Westno145,000 ± 80070,000  chondrite19941994found piece of asteroid
Mount Toondina impact structureAustralia, South Australiayes< 110,0004,000  ?19761988 
Neugrund impact structureEstoniano˜ 470,0008,000  ?1994 marine impact crater
Newporte impact structureUnited States, North Dakotano< 500,0003,200  ? 1995 
Nicholson impact structureCanada, Northwest Territoriesyes< 400,00012,500  achondrite   
Nördlinger Ries (Ries crater)Germany, Bavariayes15,100 ± 10024,000150 achondrite 1960 
Oasis impact stracterLibya, Kufrayes< 120,00018,000  ?   
Obolon’ astroblemeUkraine, Poltavano169,000 ± 7,00020,000  iron?19471976 
Odessa cratersUnited States, Texasyes< 501606 IAB189219225 craters, meteorites found
Ouarkziz impact craterAlgeria, Tindoufyes< 70,0003,500  ?   
Paasselkä impact structureFinland, Southern Savoniayes˜ 229,00010,000> 75 ? 1999 
Piccaninny impact structureAustralia, Western Australiayes< 360,0007,000  ?19831985 
Pilot craterCanada, Northwest Territoriesyes445,000 ± 2,0006,000  ?   
Pingualuit crater (New Quebec)Canada, Quebecyes1,400 ± 1003,440400411chondrite (L?)the 1940s1962 
Popigai impact structureRussia, Krasnoyarskyes35,700 ± 20090,000> 2002,000chondrite19461969 
Presqu’ile impact structureCanada, Quebecyes< 500,00024,000  ?   
Puchezh-Katunksk crater (Puchezh-Katunki)Russia, Nizhny Novgorodno167,000 ± 3,00080,00001,900?1965  
Ragozinka astroblemeRussia, Sverdlovskno46,000 ± 3,0009,00040600?   
Red Wing impact structureUnited States, North Dakotano200,000 ± 25,0009,000  ?19721996 
Riachão RingBrazil, Maranhãoyes< 200,0004,500  ?the 1980s2012 
Ritland impact structureNorwayyes520,000 ± 20,0002,700 350? 2011 
Rochechouart craterFrance, Limousinyes214,000 ± 8,00023,000  chondrite? Iron?the early 19th century1969 
Rock Elm impact structureUnited States, Wisconsinno430,000 – 455,0006,000  ?   
Roter Kamm craterNamibia, Karas regionyes4,500 ± 5002,500130> 200?the 1960s1986 
Rotmistrivka astrobleme (Rotmistrovka)Ukraine, Cherkasyno120,000 ± 10,0002,700  ?   
Sääksjärvi impact craterFinland, Satakuntano˜ 560,0006,000  stony iron?1969  
Saarijärvi impact structureFinland, Northern Ostrobothniano> 600,0001,500  ?19971998 
Saint Martin crater structureCanada, Manitobano220,000 ± 32,00040,000  ? 1970 
Santa Fe impact structureUnited States, New Mexicono< 1,200,00013,000  ? 2008 
Santa Marta impact structure (Gilbues)Brazil, Piauíno 9,000   20002013 
Saqqar impact structureSaudi Arabia, Hawfno70,000 – 410,00034,000   20142015 
Serpent Mound impact structureUnited States, Ohioyes< 320,0008,000  ?the 1960s1998 
Serra de Cangalha craterBrazil, Tocantinsyes< 300,00012,000  ?the 1960s1986 
Shoemaker impact structure (Teague)Australia, Western Australiayes1,630,000 ± 5,00030,000  ?1980  
Shunak craterKazakhstan, Karagandyyes45,000 ± 10,0002,800400640?   
Sierra Madera impact structureUnited States, Texasyes< 100,00013,000  ?19381960 
Sikhote Alin meteor cratersRussia, Primorskyyes0.0662666IIAB19471947several craters
Siljan ringSweden, Dalarnayes376,800 ± 1,70052,000  ?the 1960sthe 1960s 
Slate Islands impact structureCanada, Ontarioyes˜ 450,00030,000>100 ?1975 largest known shatter cones in the world
Sobolev craterRussia, Primorskyyes< 1539 iron19491982 
Söderfjärden craterFinland, Central Ostrobothniayes˜ 600,0006 600  ?1978  
Spider impact structureAustralia, Western Australiayes> 570,00013,000  ?the 1950sthe 1970s 
Steen River impact structureCanada, Albertano91,000 ± 7,00025,000  ? 1968 
Steinheim impact craterGermany, Baden-Württembergyes15,000 ± 1,0003,800  ?   
Sterlitamak impact craterRussia, Bashkortostanyes0.0131055IIIAB19901990 
Strangways impact structureAustralia, Northern Territoryyes646,000 ± 42,00025,000  achondrite1971  
Suavjärvi impact structureRussia, Kareliano˜ 2 400,00016,000  ?   
Sudbury impact structureCanada, Ontariono1 850,000 ± 3,000130,000  ? the 1960s 
Suvasvesi N impact structureFinland, Northern Savoniano< 1,000,0005,000  ?1993  
Suvasvesi S impact craterFinland, Northern Savoniano?4,000   2001  
Tabun Khara Obo craterMongolia, Dornogoviyes150,000 ± 20,0001,30025~ 200?the 1960s2008 
Talemzane craterAlgeria, Laghouatyes< 3,0001,750  ?1928  
Tenoumer craterMauritania, Tiris Zemmouryes21.4 ± 9.71,900110400?the 19th century1970 
Ternovka astroblemeUkraine, Dnipropetrovskno280,000 ± 10,00011,000  chondrite?   
Tin Bider impact structureAlgeria, Tamanghassetyes< 70,0006,000  ?1962  
Tookoonooka impact craterAustralia, Queenslandno128,000 ± 5,00055,000  ?19891989 
Tswaing crater (Pretoria Saltpan)South Africa, Gautengyes220 ± 521,130119180chondritethe 19th century1990 
Tunnunik impact crater (Prince Albert impact structure)Canada, Victoria islandyes130,000 – 450,00025,000  ?20102013 
Tvären craterSweden, Södermanlandno˜ 455,0002,000  ?   
Upheaval DomeUnited States, Utahyes< 170,00010,000300 ? 2008 
Vargeão DomeBrazil, Santa Catarinayes< 70,00012,000225 ?19781987 
Veevers craterAustralia, Western Australiayes< 4,000807 IIAB19751984 
Vepriai impact structureLithuania, Kaunasno> 160,000 ± 10,0008,000  ?1978  
Viewfield craterCanada, Saskatchewanno190,000 ± 20,0002,5000100?1972  
Vista Alegre impact structureBrazil, Paranáyes< 65,0009,500  ?20042010 
Vredefort impact structureSouth Africa, Free Stateyes2,023,000 ± 4,000160,000  chondritethe 1940sthe 1960s 
Wabar cratersSaudi Arabiayes0.3?116212.5IIAB iron19321933three craters, now covered with sand
Wanapitei impact structureCanada, Ontarioyes37,200 ± 1,2003,500  chondrite 1972 
Wells Creek impact structureUnited States, Tennesseeyes200,000 ± 100,00012,000  ?  fine shatter cones
West Hawk impact structureCanada, Manitobayes351,000 ± 20,0002,44066 ?   
Wetumpka impact craterUnited States, Alabamayes81,000 ± 1,5006,500  chondrite?19691998 
Whitecourt craterCanada, Albertayes< 1.13366 IIIAB iron20082008meteorites found
Wolfe Creek craterAustralia, Western Australiayes< 30087555130IIIAB1947  
Woodleigh impact structureAustralia, Western Australiano364,000 ± 8,00090,000  ?20002000 
Xiuyan crater (Luoquanli)China, Liaoningyes> 501,800150257?the 1970s2010 
Yarrabubba impact craterAustralia, Western Australiano˜ 2,000,00030,000  ?20032003 
Zapadnaya craterUkraine, Vinnytsiano165,000 ± 5,0003,200  ?   
Zeleny Gai impact structureUkraine, Kirovohradno80,000 ± 20,0003,500  ?   
Zhamanshin craterKazakhstan, Aktobeyes900 ± 10014,000270> 500chondrite (iron?)19391975tectites inside the crater

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