Most interesting landmarks of Guinea-Bissau
Below are listed the most interesting natural and man made landmarks of Guinea-Bissau.
Natural landmarks of Guinea-Bissau
- Corubal Falls (Saltinho) – Tombali. Low, rapid-like falls on Corubal River. Total height of falls – approximately 5 m, width up to 360 m.
Man made landmarks of Guinea-Bissau
- Bolama – Bolama. Ruins of the former capital of Guinea-Bissau. Many houses represent fine samples of colonial architecture. Now the ruins are inhabited by thousands of bats.
- Cacheu Fortress – Cacheu. Portuguese built fortress, developed since 1588. Well preserved, restored in 2004.
- São José da Amura – Bissau. Fortification, constructed by Portuguese in the late 17th century, rebuilt in 1753. Designed in the characteristic style of European military architecture in the 17th – 18th century.
Described landmarks of Guinea-Bissau
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Guinea-Bissau is a small country with plain relief. Part of the country is formed by Bijagos Archipelago – green islands covered with tropical forest and high biological diversity. The mainland is drier, but there are some interesting natural landmarks of local importance, e.g. ravines, smaller caves, rapids. There are not too many man-made landmarks.
In the early 19th century French traveller and diplomat, Gaspard Théodore Mollien, travelled through the Senegambia region of West Africa. At the time most of Africa’s interior had not yet come under European rule, although European powers maintained some trading posts and colonial settlements along the coasts. Most of the modern-day countries of Africa did not exist at this time, but Mollien passed through the territory of what are now Senegal, Gambia, Guinea, and Guinea-Bissau.