List of ecosystems and biotopes described by Wondermondo


Ecosystems have the following subdivision:

Map of described ecosystems

Definitions of words ecosystem and biotope are somewhat ethereal and elusive.

Antelope Valley California Poppy Reserve - one of most unique ecosystems in United States
Antelope Valley California Poppy Reserve, one of most unique ecosystems in United States.
Rennett Stowe, Flickr / CC BY 2.0

Biotope is rather small area with uniform environmental conditions and specific community of life. For years there is ongoing identification and classification of biotopes and their aggregations with hundreds of them listed around the world.

From one side - this brings in some order, for example, lays foundation for proper planning of nature conservation areas. From the other side - too often nature does not fit in classification systems - at some moment every single corner seems to be a biotope on its own.

In Wondermondo we can freely set these worries aside. Here are examined those biotopes and ecosystems which ARE unique and should be conserved (often - with some management such as grazing).



Here are described those unique ecosystems and biotopes which:

  • have striking, unusual looks. Good example is forest of Dragon's Blood Trees - Rokeb di Firmihin (Yemen). Most people don't imagine that something like this is possible on Earth.
    Daisies in Namaqualand, unique biotope in South Africa
    Daisies in Namaqualand, South Africa.
    bkleinh, Flickr / CC BY 2.0
  • just look unusually beautiful, for example the endless sea of flowers in Skilpad Wild Flower Reserve (South Africa).
  • are located in unusual place. Example: northernmost forests in the world (Ary-Mas and Lukunsky grove in Russia) are in the middle of endless tundra.
  • are shaped by unique processes. Lake Vostok in Antarctica is oversaturated with oxygen which in low temperatures and under high pressure most likely serves as a habitat for yet unknown organisms to be discovered somewhere in future.
  • contain unusually high number of endemic species - found only here. Thus mere 240 metres long Movile Cave (Romania) contains 33 species found nowhere else on Earth.
  • contain large number of representatives of very rare species. The small Aldabra is virtually dominated by Aldabra Giant Tortoise and this animal actively shapes the ecosystem of island.
  • are unique in some other way.

Animal colonies

The sight of the gathering of countless penguins or antelopes is very fascinating and intriguing. There are locations in the world where such gatherings are permanent or regular - and location with intriguing sights belongs to landmarks.

Wondermondo places animal colonies as a separate subcategory under ecosystems.

Outstanding biotopes

Wondermondo is proud to introduce to a list which is something unique by itself - a list of 66 unique and unusual biotopes of the world. As always, this list is not exhaustive and any interested person would add here biotopes to his own likings. But biotopes listed below are by no means unique:




North America

South America

Australia and Oceania



Creative Commons Non-Commercial Share Alike 3.0 17 July 2010 Gatis Pāvils

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