List of the stoutest trees of the world
Here are listed stoutest trees of the the world by champions of species. Circumference and diameter, if not stated otherwise, measured at 1.3 - 1.5 m height.
Trees are arranged by the diameter of champions of species. Here are selected species with known girth over 14 m or diameter over 4.45 m. As in many countries there is measured girth - here girth and diameter are put together, making the ranking in this list somewhat less credible - but reader can be sure that any of the trees listed here is very impressive! Selected more or less convincing measurements of existing trees.
Please note! This list is far from final truth as there might be numerous other tree species with girth above 14 m!
- Balete tree in Maria Aurora (Millenium Tree) - Philippines, Aurora. Balete (Ficus balete Merr.) - a species closely related to Ficus benjamina or subspecies. Stem of this tree consists of multiple smaller stems and aerial roots and is hard to measure - but the diameter is 12 - 15 m. Height of this giant tree is 60 - 65 m. It can be disputed whether a tree with multiple, bundled trunks should be measured as one tree.
- Árbol del Tule - Mexico, Oaxaca. One of the stoutest trees on Earth, Montezuma cypress (Taxodium mucronatum Ten., 1853). Girth 36.2 m, diameter 11.62 m, height 35.4 m. Discounting the buttresses of trunk the diameter - 9.38 m. Volume 750 m3. Age estimated to be 1,400 - 1,600 years. Sacred Zapotec tree.
- Sagole Tree - South Africa, Limpopo Province. Stoutest known baobab (Adansonia digitata L.) with a circumference of 33.72 m. Up to 2009 the stoutest baobab and stoutest tree in the world was Glencoe Baobab with a circumference of 46.6 m. It now has split in several parts.
- General Grant Tree - United States, California. Giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum (Lindl.)) with the largest mean diameter at the breast height. Height 81.5 m, diameter 8.8 m, volume 1,320 m3.
- Tnjri (Skhtorashen Tree) - Azerbaijan, Yukhari-Karabakh. Giant Platanus orientalis tree, more than 2,000 years old, with a circumference of 27 m, 54 m tall.
- Banyan in Lomteuheakal - Vanuatu, Tafea, Tanna. One of the largest banyans (Ficus microcarpa) on island, with estimated circumference of 26 m. Next to the tree is located local marketplace. There are larger banyan trees on the island (e.g. Kaluas), but mostly consisting of numerous smaller trunks.
- Kamou no Ohkusu - Japan, Kyushu. Camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora (L.) J.Presl.) with a circumference of 24.2 m. Tree is some 30 m high, with estimated age of 1,5 thousand years.
- Reakaly baobab (Ampanihy baobab) - Madagascar, Atsimo-Andrefana. Stoutest baobab Adansonia za (Baill.), girth 23 m (plaque at the tree says that 27 m). Possible largest tree in Madagascar.
- Del Norte Titan - United States, California. Stoutest coast redwood (Sequoia sempervirens (D. Don) Endl.), with a circumference of 22.73 m, 93.6 m tall. Another great tree - Lost Monarch has larger circumference: 24.13 m, but this measurement includes multiple stems.
- Giant Tingle Tree ("Hollow trunk") - Australia, Western Australia. Stoutest red tingle (Eucalyptus jacksonii), girth 22.3 m, 30 m high.
- Baobabs of Mangoky Valley - Madagascar, Haute Matsiatra. Possibly the stoutest Grandidier's baobabs (Adansonia grandidieri Baillon) in the world, diameter up to 7 metres.
- Kita Kanegasawa - Japan, Aomori Prefecture. Largest ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba L.) in Japan, girth 22 m, height 40 m, considered to be over 1,000 years old, with very large chichi (stalactite like wood formations).
- Wat Si Maha Pho bo tree - Thailand, East. Largest bo tree (Ficus religiosa) in Thailand, with a circumference of some 22 m, height - some 30 m. According to legend it is 2,000 years old and brought from the sacred Bo Tree in Sri Lanka.
- Sweet chestnut in Nucifori - Italy, Sicily. This tree (Castanea sativa Mill.) has circumference 22 m - but rather consists of several enormous trunks dividing close to level of soil. 22 m high.
- Mountain Ash "Kermandie Queen" - Australia, Tasmania, Geeveston. Stoutest eucalypt (Eucalyptus regnans F.Muell.). Circumference 21.65 m, height 77 m.
- Joshimath Kalpavriksha - India, Uttarakhand. Stoutest known Himalayan mulberry (Morus serrata), with a circumference of 21.5 m. This sacred tree is believed to be 1,200 years old.
- Taketakerau (Puriri in Opotiki) - New Zealand, Bay of Plenty. The largest puriri (Vitex lucens), with a circumference of 21.3 m, height 20 m. Sacred tree, supposedly more than 2,000 years old. Burials inside its hollow have been found.
- Juwu Bashen Mu (Cypress in Tai An) - Taiwan, Miaoli. Stoutest known specimen in species (Chamaecyparis formosensis Matsum. 1901), diameter 6.56 m, 55 m high.
- Stringybark Messmate in Mt. Cripps - Australia, Tasmania. Stoutest known Eucalyptus obliqua. Circumference 20.50 m, height 65 m.
- Gongenyama's Big Katsura - Japan, Tōhoku. Giant katsura (Cercidiphyllum japonicum) with a circumference of 20 m, height 65 m.
- Villalba ceiba tree - Puerto Rico, Villalba. Enormous Ceiba pentandra with a girth of 19.8 m. It is possible that there are larger ceiba trees than this.
- Geeveston Tasmanian Blue Gum (Rullah Longatyle) - Australia, Tasmania. Stoutest Tasmanian blue gum (Eucalyptus globulus Labill.), circumference 19.0 m, height 82.3 m.
- Quinault Lake Red Cedar - United States, Washington. Largest specimen of this species (Thuja plicata Donn ex D.Don), 55 m high, diameter 6.04 m. Volume 500 m3, including the hollowed middle.
- Troll - Australia, Tasmania, Hermons Road. Stoutest known alpine ash (Eucalyptus delegatensis R.T.Baker). Diameter 5.82 m (circumference 18.9 m), height 56.5 m, volume 282 m3.
- Baji Cypress (King Cypress) - Nyingchi, Tibet. Largest known giant cypress (Cupressus gigantea W. C. Cheng & L.K. Fu), height some 46 - 56 m, diameter - 5.8 m, approximately 2,600 years old (not testified).
- Moreton Bay Fig in Bellingen - Australia, New South Wales. (Ficus macrophylla Desf. ex Pers.), girth 18 m, 50 m high. Here grow two trees together - if their trunks are measured together, circumference is 29 m, but 18 m ir the circumference of the largest tree.
- Schenklengsfeld Lime - Germany, Hesse. Biggest lime (Tilia cordata Mill.) in circumference in Europe. Trunk has divided into four separate parts. Measurement at 1 m height gives approximate circumference of 17.8 m.
- Old Bottle Butt - Australia, New South Wales, Wauchope. Stoutest known red bloodwood (Corymbia gummifera), circumference 17.5 m (16.3 m?), height 52 m.
- Drago Milenario - Spain, Canary Islands, Tenerife. Largest Canary Islands dragon tree (Dracaena draco) with a circumference of 17.4 m, height - 16.4 m.
- The Fortingall Yew - United Kingdom, Scotland. The oldest known yew (Taxus baccata). In the 18th century the tree had a girth of 17.2 m, diameter 5.4 m. Now two parts remain.
- Quinault Lake Spruce - United States, Washington. Stoutest Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis (Bong) Carr.), circumference 16.97 m, height 58.2 m, volume 298 m3.
- Te Matua Ngahere - New Zealand, Northland. Stoutest contemporary kauri (Agathis australis (D.Don) Loudon). Girth 16.76 m, height 37.4 m.
- Chengal in Gunung Mandi Angin - Malaysia,Terengganu. Largest tree in Malaysia, enormous chengal (Neobalanocarpus heimii (King) P. Ashton), circumference 16.75 m, 65 m high.
- Maleny small-leaved fig - Australia, Queensland. Very stout small-leaved fig (Ficus obliqua), circumference 16.55 m, height 49 m.
- Brazil nuts at Itupiranga - Brazil, Pará. Brazil nut (Bertholletia excelsa Humb. & Bonpl.) is one of the stoutest trees in Amazonia, reaching diameter up to 5.25 m.
- Jōmon Sugi - Japan, Kagoshima Prefecture. Largest and oldest sugi tree (Cryptomeria japonica (L.f.) D.Don). Circumference 16.4 m, height 25.3 m. At least 2,000 years old.
- Cat Island Bald Cypress - United States, Louisiana. Largest bald cypress (Taxodium distichum var. distichum L. Rich. 1810) in the world. Trunk diameter 5.21 m, height 25 m.
- Ton Krabak Yai - Thailand, Tak Province. Giant krabak tree, (Anisoptera costata Korth.), with circumference of 16.10 m, 58 m tall.
- Pakari Brikshya (Pakad, Falakasha, Devdaha banyan) - Nepal, Lumbini. Enormous, beautiful weeping fig (Ficus benjamina). Circumference of its trunk is approximately 16 - 20 m, height - approximately 20 m but the width of crown - more than 30 m.
- Patriarca da Floresta, Vassununga - Brazil, São Paulo. Largest known jequitibá-rosa (Cariniana legalis), with a circumference of 16 m, height of 49 m.
- Sycamore in Santa Barbara - United States, California. Enormous sycamore (Platanus racemosa), with a circumference of 15.9 m, 28.65 m height.
- Piquí tree (unspecified) - Brazil. These trees (Caryocar villosum (Aubl.) exceed 15.7 m in circumference and are more than 50 m tall.
- Higashine zelkova - Japan, Tōhoku. Largest known Japanese zelkova (Zelkova serrata (Thunb.) Makino), with a circumference of 15.6 m, 28 m high.
- Northern rata in Upper Hutt - New Zealand Wellington. Largest known northern rata (Metrosideros robusta), with a circumference of 15.39 m, height 39 m.
- Herbig Tree - Australia, South Australia. River red gum (Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehnh.) of unusual cone forme, circumference 15.28 m, height just 14.0 m.
- Californian laurel in Curry - United States, Oregon. Californian laurel (Umbellularia californica) with a circumference of 15.27 m, height 30.8 m.
- Queets Fir - United States, Washington. Stoutest coast Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii (Mirb.) Franco) in the world. Diameter 4.85 m, height 61.0 m, volume 332 m3 (second largest for species).
- Blackbutt "Benaroon" - Australia, New South Wales, Johns River. Stoutest blackbutt (Eucalyptus pilularis Sm.). 60 m high, girth 15.1 m.
- Whitelaw Tree - Australia, Victoria, Mt. Baw Baw. Stoutest (and also largest) shining gum (Eucalyptus nitens H.Deane & Maiden). 57.5 m high, girth 14.9 m, volume 200 m3.
- The Boab Prison Tree - Australia, Western Australia. Unusual boab (Adansonia gregorii F.Muell.), circumference 14.64 m (13.85 m?), height just 8.8 m. Used to lock up indigenous Australians in the 1860s on their way to sentencing.
- Dokuz Gol Foetid Juniper - Turkey, Muğla Province. Stoutest foetid juniper (Juniperus foetidissima Willd. 1806), diameter 4.62 m, 25 m high.
- Deodar cedar near Tolma - India, Uttarakhand. Largest known deocar cedar (Cedrus deodara), with a circumference of approximately 14.5 m, height - approximately 30 m.
- Errinundra Gum of Result Creek (Darejo) - Australia, Victoria. Largest tree in species (Eucalyptus denticulata I.O.Cook & Ladiges), circumference 14.4 m, height 62 m.
- Kvill-Eken - Sweden, Kalmar County. Oak (Quercus robur L.) with the largest circumference in Europe. Circumference 14.4 m, height - only 14 m.
- Alex Hole Cedar - United States, Oregon. Stoutest incense-cedar (Calocedrus decurrens (Torrey) Florin 1956), diameter 4.56 m.
- Fremont cottonwood in Skull Valley - United States, Arizona. This tree (Populus fremontii S. Watson) has 14.13 m circumference and 31 m tall.
- Chirinda Big Tree - Zimbabwe, Manicaland. Enormous African Mahogany (Khaya anthoteca (Welw.) C. DC.), diameter at least 4.5 m, height at least 64 metres. Grows in southernmost African rainforest - Chirinda Forest.
- Sessile oak in Oak Lane - United Kingdom, England, Cheshire. Largest known sessile oak (Quercus petraea), circumference 14.05 m. Trunk is partly missing.
Here are described the stoutest trees of the world.
See also a description of tallest trees of the world which are more than 80 m tall.
List contains trees of species which exceed 14 m girth or 4.45 m diameter as measured at the narrowest site of the trunk up to the height of 1.3 - 1.4 m.
Many giant trees in tropical forest have enormous buttresses. Thus, Moruga Silk Cotton tree (Trinidad and Tobago, Princes Town) is a giant ceiba tree (Ceiba pentandra Mill.) with a circumference at the height of 1.7 m - 27.2 m. But circumference above the buttresses, at 13 m height, is 10.3 m. Correct measurement is the one above the buttresses.
Stoutest trees - species
The stoutest tree most likely is balete tree (Ficus balete or Ficus benjamina), which in Philippines may reach a diameter of 12 - 15 metres. This result may be disputed because this tree, albeit a single organisms, consists of numerous smaller trunks bundled together into one giant column. Some other species of fig trees reach giant size and some of these giants have single, unified trunk.
Second stoutest tree is conifer - Montezuma cypress (Taxodium mucronatum Ten., 1853). Besides the champion tree - Árbol del Tule - there are other very large trees of this species in Central America, exceeding 14 metres in circumference.
Several of the stoutest trees of the world belong to the genus of baobabs (Adansonia). This genus has eight species - African Baobab (Adansonia digitata L.) in mainland Africa, Boab (Adansonia gregorii F.Muell) in Australia and six more species in Madagascar.
At least four of these beautiful trees exceed girth of 14 metres - African, Australian baobabs and Madagascaran Adansonia za and Adansonia grandidieri. African Baobab (Sagole Tree) reaches circumference of 33.72 m. Sometimes this is recognised unwillingly, noting that this tree changes volume according to the time of the year. This change though is not too significant - several percent. Baobabs aren't shortlived plants either - although the age of the trees is hard to tell, it seems that single trees can live for centuries or may be for thousands of years.
Baobabs, fig trees and Montezuma cypress have very stout but comparatively short trunks. Some other species of trees have extremely large trunks which rise as giant columns high in the sky. The most prominent is giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum (Lindl.)) in United States, California. Maximum girth of this tree is just a bit smaller than that of Montezuma cypress but the volume of trunk is several times larger.
African Baobab, balete tree and Montezuma cypress exceed the girth of 30 metres. It is possible than some other species of trees also exceed this size - but then it is not much advertised.
(Un)completeness of list
There are little doubts that this list is far from being complete. There are a lot more species of trees exceeding girth of 14 metres. Unfortunately this comparatively simple measurement very often is not done or is not published.
Instead of this in many locations of the world there still is used only one figure - imaginary age of the tree. Unfortunately this figure is not justified - tree announced to be 2,000 years old easily could be 1,000 or 3,000 years old - it has been proved many times that trees of the same species can have very different speed of growth.
Thus - instead of hearing that ombú (Phytolacca dioica L.) in Uruguay may be 500 years old Wondermondo would be lucky to see exact figures - most likely this amazing plant has a girth exceeding 15 metres.
Of course, there are also lots of enormous trees still to be discovered - thus, for example, the giant chengal ((Neobalanocarpus heimii (King) P. Ashton)) in Malaysia with a girth 16.75 metres was discovered in 1999.
There are unconfirmed stories about alerce (Fitzroya cupressoides) in Chile with 22 - 24 m circumference. Such tree would make alerce one of 10 stoutest tree species in the world.