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Bahrain

Main attractions

Skyline of Manam, Bahrain
Skyline of Manam, Bahrain / Allan Donque, , CC BY 2.0

The most surprising landmarks in this small island country are the monuments left by a Dilmun culture - prehistoric or ancient culture which sometimes is seen as a civilization.

This culture flourished around 3200 - 1600 BC and has left some of the largest necropolises (such as Hamad and A'ali) in the world with some 170,000 graves. It is well possible that people from far away were buried here. Unfortunately this unique heritage is endangered - covered with city.

Today Bahrain is fast developing country with very impressive construction projects - such as Bahrain World Trade Center.

Natural landmarks

  • Tree of Life - Southern Governorate. Approximately 400 years old mesquite (Prosopis cineraria (L.) Druce) growing in a place devoid of water.

Monuments of Dilmun culture

Barbar Temples, Bahrain
Ruins of Barbar Temples, Bahrain / stepnout, , CC BY 2.0
  • Al-Hajar burial complex - Northern Governorate. Group of more than 150 sub-terranean tombs cut in rock and covered with capstones.
  • Barbar Temples - Northern Governorate. Three temples of Dilmun civilization, built atop each other. First was built around 3000 BC, second - around 2500 BC and the third - sometimes between 2100 - 2000 BC. Temple had two altars and natural spring.
  • Diraz - Northern Governorate. Ancient settlement, temple and fortified Umm Al Sajoor spring of Dilmun civilization. Spring was landfilled in the 7th century AD by Ummayad caliph, but cleaned again by the villagers.
  • Hamad (Karszakkan) burial mounds, A'ali burial mounds and other sites - Northern Governorate. Very impressive sets of many thousands of burial mounds - tumulus. Burials have been shaped by the people of Dilmun civilization and other cultures. There are 9 more burial fields.
  • Jannusan burial mounds (Royal Mounds) - Northern Governorate. 8 enormous burial mounds from the Bronze Age, more than 10 m high.
  • Saar - Northern Governorate. Ruins of prehistoric town of Dilmun civilization from the Bronze Age (around 2000 BC), area - approximately 15 ha. Research has provided some insight into this little known civilization.
  • Qal'at al-Bahrain (Bahrain Fort) - Capital. The former centre of Dilmun civilization. Artificial mound with an impressive fort on it. The 12 m high mound consists of 7 stratfied layers and was created by constant habitation from 2300 BC to the 18th century. This area (approximately 15 ha) was fortified since the ancient times. Portuguese fort was built in the 16th century.

Mosques

Al Fateh Grand Mosque, Bahrain
Al Fateh Grand Mosque, Bahrain / Jacobs - Creative Bees, , CC BY 2.0
  • Al Fateh Grand Mosque - Capital. One of the largest mosques in the world which can accomodate more than 7,000 worshippers at a time. Built in 1988. Significant detail is the largest fibreglass dome (diameter - 24 m) in the world.
  • Khamis Mosque - Capital Governorate. The first mosque in Bahrain. It is believed that the foundation of this building was laid in 692 AD, current building is from the 11th century and much rebuilt in later times.

Forts

  • Arad Fort - Muharraq. Fort, built by Arabs in the 15th century. Compact structure with four cylindric towers on corners.
  • Riffa Fort - Southern Governorate. Persian built fort from the 17th century, converted into palace in the 18th century.

Palaces, city houses

  • Al-Sakhir Palace - Southern Governorate. Imposing palace complex, built in the desert in 1870 - 1901.
  • Isa Bin Ali House - Muharraq. One of the best examples of historical Bahraini architecture, a house of Shaikh Isa Bin Ali with massive windtower.
  • Siyadi House - Muharraq. The 19th century city house with detailed ornamentation and finely carved doors.

Modern architecture

Bahrain World Trade Center, Bahrain
Bahrain World Trade Center, Bahrain / Jan Michael Pfeiffer, , CC BY-SA 2.0
  • Bahrain World Trade Center - Capital. 240 m tall twin skyscrapers, the first in the world with integrated wind turbines. This 50 floor high building was built in 2008.
  • King Fahd Causeway - Northern Governorate and Saudi Arabia, Eastern Province. 25 km long system of causeways and brodges across the waters of Gulf of Bahrain, connecting Bahrain to Saudi Arabia. Road has 4 lanes and it was built in 1981 - 1986.

List of described attractions by governorates

Bahrain is divided into 5 governorates. Here below they are listed in alphabetical order:

Capital
Central
Muharraq
Northern
Southern
ArrowTree of LifeTrees

Map of Bahrain

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