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Djibouti

Main attractions

Lake Assal, Djibouti
Lake Assal / Tyke, , CC BY 3.0

This small country is rather sparsely inhabited, with arid climate.

Although the country is not rich with natural or man made heritage, there are some truly surprising landmarks, especially - the eerie landscape of limestone chimneys at Lake Abbe.

Natural landmarks

Eerie chimneys at Lake Abbe, Djibouti
Eerie chimneys at Lake Abbe / Rolf Cosar, , CC BY 3.0
  • Day Forest (Goda Mountains) - Tadjourah. Largest forest in this area of Africa, the densest vegetated area in Djibouti. This isolated outlier of Ethiopian montane forest contains several unique species, such as Djibouti francolin (Pternistis ochropectus, found also in nearby Mabla Mountains), reptile Platyceps afarensis and other species. Dominant species - the East African juniper (Juniperus procera) which grows here up to 20 m high, forming a pure 3.5 km² large stand of single species.
  • Lake Assal - Tadjourah, Dikhil. One of most saline lakes in the world, its surface is 155 m below sea level. World's largest salt reserve, with estimated 300 million tonnes of salt. The saline brine of the lake at certain lighting has unusual, bright color. Lake is fed by subsurface geothermal springs.
  • Limestone chimneys of Lake Abbe - Dikhil. Thousands of limestone chimneys, which are arranged in rows and rise up to 50 m tall. These chimneys are formed by vents of volcanic steam and create unusual landscape.

Man made landmarks

  • Abourma petroglyphs - Tadjourah. Site contains several thousand Neolithic petroglyphs, depicting humans, wildlife, hunting and warfare. Oldest might be created around 3000 BC.
  • Asa Koma - Dikhil. Ruins of prehistoric settlement from the second millenia BC. Ruins include circular enclosures, rectangular platforms, mounds.
  • Balho petroglyphs - Tadjourah. Site with prehistoric cave paintings.
  • Barogali elephant hunt site - Dikhil. Deposits of ancient swamp with remnants of extinct elephant Elephas recki ileretensis, which disappeared some 1.3 - 1.2 million years ago. Elephant was butchered by hominids who used different stone tools.
  • Goubet Al-Kharab sea monster - Arta. According to local stories in the deep waters of this sea bay lives a monster.
  • Handoga - Dikhil. Site of prehistoric settlement. It is possible that it was developed by unexplored, indigenous culture.

List of described attractions by regions

Djibouti is divided into 5 regions and city.

Ali Sabieh
Arta
Dikhil
Djibouti
Obock
Tadjourah
ArrowDay Forest (Goda Mountains)Ecosystems

Map of Djibouti

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