World    Africa


Main attractions

Mountains, Lesotho
Mountains in Lesotho / Di Jones, Flickr, CC BY 2.0.

This exotic, landlocked country is located high in the mountains - it is the only country in the world entirely above 1,000 m in elevation.

Lesotho is friendly country with gorgeous scenery. Highlights of this country are the impressive horseshoe waterfalls, including the world-class Maletsunyane Falls, as well as the amazing plateau - fortress Thaba-Bosiu and prehistoric rock art.

Natural landmarks


  • Ketane Falls - Mohale's Hoek. Impressive, 122 m tall horsetail fall.
  • Lepaqoa Waterfall - Leribe. Nearly vertical, some 60 m tall horsetail waterfall which freezes over in the winter.
  • Maletsunyane Falls (Semonkong Falls, Lebihan Falls) - Maseru. 192 m tall waterfall - vertical plunge.
  • Qiloane Falls - Maseru. Wide fantail waterfall.
  • Ribaneng Falls - Mafeteng. Some 100 m tall, vertical waterfall.

Other natural landmarks

  • Letseng Diamond Mine - Mokhotlong. World's highest diamond mine. Diamonds here are found comparatively rarely but are huge, this find has the highest percentage of large diamonds in the world.
  • Subeng Dinosaur Track - Leribe. Set of diverse dinosaur footprints in the sandstone and exposed in the bed of a stream. There are several such tracks in Lesotho.

Man made landmarks

Thaba-Bosiu fortress, Lesotho
Thaba-Bosiu fortress / K. Kendall, Flickr, CC BY 2.0.
  • Ha Baroana - Maseru. Cliff overhang with rock art. Here are depicted animals, such as lion, leopard, eland, birds and also the life of humans.
  • Liphofung Cave (shelter) - Butha-Buthe. Large overhang of sandstone cliff, used as a shelter of San and other Stone Age people. Walls are adorned with rock art, floor is covered with valuable sediments, rich with archaeological artefacts.
  • Qomoqomong Valley Petroglyphs - Quthing. Caves with prehistoric San drawings.
  • Thaba-Bosiu - Maseru. Sandstone plateau - natural fortress, rising almost 120 m above the surroundings. It was used as a stronghold in the early 19th century by Basotho people, during the war with Ndebele and served as de facto capital. Fortress was never taken. Near the mountain are caves where in the 19th century lived cannibals, in some rock shelters are prehistoric paintings.

List of described attractions by districts

Lesotho is divided into 10 districts.

ArrowMaletsunyane FallsWaterfalls
Mohale's Hoek
Qacha's Nek

Map of Lesotho

Featured: Maletsunyane Falls

Maletsunyane Falls, Lesotho
Maletsunyane Falls / BagelBelt, Wikimedia Commons, public domain

The best known natural landmark in Lesotho is Maletsunyane waterfall. It belongs to top-league waterfalls of the world due to its impressive height (192 m), magnificent setting, rather wide stream and "clean", uninterrupted fall.

Recommended books:

The Rough Guide to South Africa, Lesotho & Swaziland

The Rough Guide to South Africa is the definitive guide to one of the world's most fascinating and varied countries. Discover the best the country has to offer with stunning photography, extensive maps, comprehensive listings and detailed practical information.

The Mountain School: Three Years Learning as a Peace Corps Teacher in Lesotho, Africa

The Kingdom of Lesotho is a mountainous enclave in southern Africa, and like mountain zones throughout the world it is isolated, steeped in tradition, and home to few outsiders. The people, known as Basotho, are respected in the area as the only tribe never to be defeated by European colonizers...

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