Tuvalu is an island country. Total area of these scattered islands is just 26 km² – this is one of the smallest countries in the world. The highest elevation in islands is only 4.6 m above the sea level – thus Tuvalu is the lowest country in the world.
Nevertheless the islands are covered with lush green vegetation and inhabited by interesting people with distinct cultural traditions. Some landmarks of Tuvalu are:
- Nanumanga Fire Caves – Nanumanga. Legendary cave located 37 m below the water level. The cave has dark patches on the roof and blackened fragments of coral on its floor, suggesting that people lived here long before the coming of Polynesians – more than 8000 years ago.
- Tepuka and Fuakea islands – Funafuti. Thus far only on those small islands in the south-western part of Funafuti atoll has been found an endemic lizard – a gecko Lepidodactylus tepukapili.
- Te Faleatua – Nukulaelae, south of atoll. Large stone – a site in the abandoned Niuko village where in pre-Christian times religious rites were practised.
List of described attractions by islands
Tuvalu consists of nine islands and atolls:
|Nanumanga Fire Caves||Caves|
Map of Tuvalu
Featured: Nanumanga Fire Caves
The signs of the fire on the walls and charred coral fragments on the floor of Nuanumanga Fires Caves wouldn’t represent anything unusual if the cave would be located above the sea level. But these caves are located 37 – 46 m below the sea level!
The ocean level was that low approximately 8,000 years ago. But current history books say that first people came in these remote islands 3,000 years ago.