Italy has been the powerhouse of European art and architecture. Here are located many of the world’s most beautiful buildings which have been replicated and copied all around the world.
This article lists the greatest churches of Italy. In this country are hundreds of very interesting cathedrals and other churches – with unusual and beautiful architecture, with great works of art and with an exciting history which sometimes is 2 thousand years long. Nevertheless, six churches are just outstanding and, at least in Wondermondo’s view, stand above all others in Italy.
Few buildings in the world have had such importance for the development of architecture and engineering as Florence Cathedral. This wonder of Gothic and Renaissance architecture was the largest building in medieval Europe and it’s amazing technical innovations were not surpassed for centuries. It’s giant dome is covered with one of world’s largest frescoes and the giant, polychrome facade very unusual.
This is one of the most splendid and sumptuous structures in the world, one of the highest achievements in the Byzantine architecture. It contains unusual and absolutely unique values of art, such as Triumphal Quadriga – four bronze horses, a masterpiece of the Ancient Roman sculpture. Interior of the giant basilica is adorned with golden mosaics and countless works of art made by Veronese, Titian, Tintoretto and many other art geniuses. True art connoisseurs can spend an eternity here and still find something new and unexpected…
Such judgements are subjective – but Milan Cathedral could be the most beautiful Gothic structure in the world. It has extremely tall Gothic vaults – 45 m tall. In spite of the long construction time the style has been maintained. Cathedral is adorned with 3400 statues. Mark Twain wrote: “I cannot understand how it (Milan Cathedral) can be second to anything made by human hands.”
The facade and the whole exterior of this Romanesque and Gothic Cathedral have outstanding ornamentation, it is unusual and at the same time harmonious. Cathedral has a rich collection of art which would make any museum in the world proud: here are works by Michelangelo, Bernini, Donatelli, Pisano and many other outstanding Renaissance artists. Especially beautiful is the pavement in the cathedral.
One of the most important churches in the world, celebrating the rebirth of Christianity in a modernised Europe through the efforts of Saint Francis of Assisi. Building contains two churches with beautiful interiors.
Map, greatest churches of Italy
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Milan Cathedral: 45.464222, 9.190787
Orvieto Cathedral: 42.716973, 12.113346
Florence Cathedral: 43.773125, 11.256090
Basilica of San Francesco d\'Assisi: 43.074778, 12.605797
Siena Cathedral of Santa Maria: 43.317633, 11.328895
Saint Mark\'s Basilica: 45.434528, 12.339762
Basilica of Saint Anthony of Padua: 45.401461, 11.880988
Pisa Cathedral: 43.723271, 10.395852
Santa Maria della Salute, Venice: 45.430704, 12.334760
Archbasilica of St. John Lateran: 41.885872, 12.505837
Some other great churches
This list does not include St. Peter’s Basilica because this outstanding structure is in another country: Vatican. But there are quite a lot more churches of Italy which are outstanding and have special role in the history of art and architecture. Four of such churches are:
This had to be the greatest church of all times. But history was cruel – over the incredible 1700 years long history this church was demolished, burned and just abandoned. It was rebuilt, extended and changed almost beyond recognition. It got a bitter rival and now is overshadowed by the nearby St. Peter’s Basilica. Nevertheless, formally no other church is as important as this one. And, yes, it is gorgeous and full with beautiful art indeed!!!
The Leaning Tower of Pisa in a way is just a part of touristic pop culture (no, it is great indeed!). But the real thing in Pisa is Pisa Cathedral – gorgeous, graceful and rich with outstanding art values.
This enormous and unusual church is serious and has weird, macabre relics. But at the same time it embodies hope – every year some 5 millions of pilgrims come here to look for dear things which they have lost.
The most recent church of all in this list – but what a beauty! This highly original structure started a new direction in the Baroque architecture, it houses a wonderful collection of art by Titian and other great painters of Renaissance and, after all, it has its own story. Please, read it!
Between 1650 and 1750, four Catholic churches were the best solar observatories in the world. Built to fix an unquestionable date for Easter, they also housed instruments that threw light on the disputed geometry of the solar system, and so, within sight of the altar, subverted Church doctrine about the order of the universe.
Thanks to books and films like The Da Vinci Code and its sequel, Angels and Demons, interest in secret religious symbols has never been greater. This carefully researched guide takes the reader into some of the world’s most famous churches, decoding messages that are hidden in plain sight-in stained-glass windows, statuary, patterned flooring, ornamentation, and even the buildings’ architectural design: Why do fierce beasts and grotesque faces peer from the walls?