Basilica of Saint Anthony of Padua

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Basilica of Saint Anthony of Padua
Basilica of Saint Anthony of Padua / joergens.mi, Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 3.0
One of the largest churches and definitely – one of the most interesting ones in Italy is Basilica of Saint Anthony of Padua. Every year some 5 millions of pilgrims come here – to pray about finding things which are lost and were dear to them as well as ask for a pardon for their loved ones.

History

Saint Anthony

Saint Anthony of Padua (1195 – 1231) was Portuguese priest, a passionate and merciful man, a disciple of Saint Francis of Assisi. He traveled through present-day France and Italy and his sermons were captivating and attracted many people.

Saint Anthony arrived in Padua in 1226 and founded a convent there in 1229.

Saint Anthony and the Baby Jesus
Saint Anthony and the Baby Jesus / artist: unknown, 18th century, Wikimedia Commons / public domain

An unexpected tragedy happened in 1231 when he, a young, talented and promising man became ill and died due to food poisoning with fungus. There are legends about the lament in Padua when people learned about his death.

Saint Anthony was canonized less than one year after his death – unusual speed for the Catholic church. Now he is recognized as a patron of lost things. He was exhumed in 1263 – his body was decomposed but there was a miracle – the tongue of the saint was incorrupt as if celebrating the extraordinary oratory skills of Saint Anthony.

Every year on June 13th in the streets of Padua takes place the Procession of the Relics.

The construction of a giant church

Saint Anthony, according to his will, was buried in the small church of Santa Maria Mater Domini which was built in the late 12th century. This was a will of a modest man.

The church took into account his will but did not follow his spirit of humility. Soon after his death in 1232 there was started construction of one of the largest church buildings in the world. The ancient church was incorporated in the new building and now forms one of its chapels – Chapel of the Dark Madonna.

The giant structure was completed in 1310, although there have been multiple extensions and rebuildings in later times, for the most part at the end of the 14th century – middle of the 15th century.

Design

Exterior

Most impressive view on the cathedral opens from the north-west. To the surprised visitor opens a view on tall and even somewhat chaotic structure with a multitude of diverse, seemingly incompatible details.

North-west view on Basilica of Saint Anthony of Padua
North-west view on Basilica of Saint Anthony of Padua / User:Tango7174, Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 4.0

The structure represents a mix of Byzantine and Romanesque styles with some influence of the Gothic style. Church has an enormous, Romanesque central hall with side aisles. Above the hall rise eight Byzantine domes similar to the domes in Saint Mark’s Basilica in the nearby Venice.

The brick facade also has features of two styles – central section and its side extensions are in Romanesque style and in front of it arcaded balcony and four large recesses in Gothic style.

As if this is not enough, Basilica has two tall and several smaller towers which somewhat resemble minarets.

To the north-west, in front of Basilica stands also an outstanding monument – the famous condottiero (military leader) Gattamelata on a horse, shaped by Donatello.

Interior

Basilica has many outstanding art values, including sculptures by Donatello and fresco by Giotto. Here are several important images of Madonna, weird and somewhat macabre relics are the chin and tongue of St. Anthony in the main hall of Basilica.

Interior of Basilica of Saint Anthony of Padua
Interior of Basilica of Saint Anthony of Padua / User:Zairon, Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 4.0

There are several chapels:

  • Chapel of Saint Anthony contains the body of Saint Anthony in a tomb called Arca;
  • Treasury Chapel is shaped in Baroque style and contains the relics of the saint;
  • The Chapel of the Blessed Sacrament houses the tomb of Gattamelata and his son Giannantonio;
  • Especially wonderful is the Chapel of St.James, which was shaped in Gothic style in 1370ies. It is adorned with frescoes by Altichiero da Zevio, one of the great Gothic painters. Frescoes show the Stories of St.James, but the centerpiece – Crucifixion – is his masterpiece.

Basilica of Saint Anthony of Padua is included in the following list:

Interior of Siena Cathedral
Interior of Siena Cathedral / Steve Jurvetson, Flickr / CC BY 2.0

Top 10 most beautiful churches of Italy

This article lists the greatest churches of Italy. In this country are hundreds of very interesting cathedrals and other churches – with unusual and beautiful architecture, with great works of art and with an exciting history which sometimes is 2 thousand years long. Nevertheless, ten churches are just outstanding and, at least in Wondermondo’s view, stand above all others in Italy.

References

  1. Saint Anthony of Padua. Accessed in the 19th December 2018
  2. Webcamera

Basilica of Saint Anthony of Padua on the map

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Basilica of Saint Anthony of Padua 45.401461, 11.880988 Basilica of Saint Anthony of Padua
Location, GPS coordinates:45.4015 N 11.8810 E
Categories:Churches
Values:Art, Architecture, History
Rating:4.5 out of 5 stars (4.5 / 5)
Where is located?Europe, Italy, Veneto, centre of Padua, Piazza del Santo
Full name:The Pontifical Basilica of Saint Anthony of Padua
Alternate names:il Santo
Name in Italian:Basilica di Sant’Antonio di Padova
Architectural style:mix of several styles – Byzantine, Romanesque and Gothic
Height:67 m (central dome)
Year of construction:1232 (?) – 1310
Branch of Christianity:Catholics

Landmarks of Italy

Roman Forum, Italy
Roman Forum, Italy / yellowbook, / CC BY 2.0.
Italy is one of the most popular destinations in world due to its unsurpassed cultural heritage – this country has got some of the finest monuments of architecture and art in world.

Churches

St.Peter's Basilica, Vatican
St.Peter’s Basilica / P.Landy, Wikimedia Commons / CC-BY-SA-3.0
Throughout the history Christian churches have been the epitome of architecture and arts achievements in Western culture.

Recommended books

The Life and Prayers of Saint Anthony of Padua


We hope that with this book, the reader might realize an invitation to call upon Anthony, not just to find lost things, but as a companion in a quest to find a renewed and challenged faith, hope, and love.

Giotto and his works in Padua


Giotto and his works in Padua-An Explanatory Notice of the Series of Woodcuts Executed for the Arundel Society After the Frescoes in the Arena Chapel is a classic Italian art study by John Ruskin. The following notice of Giotto has not been drawn up with any idea of attempting a history of his life. That history could only be written after a careful search through the libraries of Italy for all documents relating to the years during which he worked.

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