List of the world’s largest trees
Here are listed world’s largest trees the by circumference of the champions of species. Circumference and diameter, if not stated otherwise, were measured at 1.3 – 1.5 m height.
Wondermondo has arranged the trees by the diameter of champions of species. In the list were included species with the known girth over 14 m or diameter over 4.45 m. In some countries the girth is measured more often while in some others is measured diameter. Here girth and diameter are put together, making the ranking in this list somewhat less credible – but reader can be sure that any of the trees listed here is very impressive! Selected more or less convincing measurements of existing trees.
Please note! This list is far from final truth as there might be numerous other tree species with girth above 14 m!
More than 30 m
- 1. Balete tree in Maria Aurora (Millenium Tree) – Philippines, Aurora. Balete (Ficus balete Merr.) – a species closely related to Ficus benjamina or subspecies. Stem of this tree consists of multiple smaller stems and aerial roots and is hard to measure – but the diameter is 12 – 15 m. Height of this giant tree is 60 – 65 m. It can be disputed whether a tree with multiple, bundled trunks should be measured as one tree.
- 2. Árbol del Tule – Mexico, Oaxaca. One of the stoutest trees on Earth, Montezuma cypress (Taxodium mucronatum Ten., 1853). Girth 36.2 m, diameter 11.62 m, height 35.4 m. Discounting the buttresses of trunk the diameter – 9.38 m. Volume 750 m3. Age estimated to be 1,400 – 1,600 years. Sacred Zapotec tree.
- 3. Sagole Tree – South Africa, Limpopo Province. Stoutest known baobab (Adansonia digitata L.) with a circumference of 33.72 m. Up to 2009 the stoutest baobab and world’s largest tree by the circumference was Glencoe Baobab – its trunk was 46.6 m large! It now has split in several parts.
25 – 30 m
- 4. Captain Jack Sparrow / Jupiter – United States, California. Stoutest announced coast redwood (Sequoia sempervirens (D. Don) Endl.), with a diameter of 8.9 m. It is possible that there is known also larger tree of this species.
- 5. General Grant Tree – United States, California. Giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum (Lindl.)) with the largest mean diameter at the breast height. Height 81.5 m, diameter 8.8 m, volume 1,320 m3.
- 6. Tnjri (Skhtorashen Tree) – Azerbaijan, Yukhari-Karabakh. Giant Platanus orientalis tree, more than 2,000 years old, with a circumference of 27 m, 54 m tall.
- 7. Banyan in Lomteuheakal – Vanuatu, Tafea, Tanna. One of the largest banyans (Ficus microcarpa) on island, with estimated circumference of 26 m. Next to the tree is located local marketplace. There are larger banyan trees on the island (e.g. Kaluas), but mostly consisting of numerous smaller trunks.
22 – 25 m
- 8. Kamou no Ohkusu – Japan, Kyushu. Camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora (L.) J.Presl.) with a circumference of 24.2 m. Tree is some 30 m high, with estimated age of 1,5 thousand years.
- 9. Pù Mát Pride of Vietnam – Vietnam, North Central Coast. Stoutest known sa mu tree Cunninghamia konishii, girth 23.7 m, height more than 70 m. The largest tree in Vietnam.
- 10. Reakaly baobab (Ampanihy baobab) – Madagascar, Atsimo-Andrefana. Stoutest baobab Adansonia za (Baill.), girth 23 m (plaque at the tree says that 27 m). Possible largest tree in Madagascar.
- 11. Giant Tingle Tree ("Hollow trunk") – Australia, Western Australia. Stoutest red tingle (Eucalyptus jacksonii), girth 22.3 m, 30 m high.
- 12. Baobabs of Mangoky Valley – Madagascar, Haute Matsiatra. Possibly the stoutest Grandidier’s baobabs (Adansonia grandidieri Baillon) in the world, diameter up to 7 metres.
- 13. Kita Kanegasawa – Japan, Aomori Prefecture. Largest ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba L.) in Japan, girth 22 m, height 40 m, considered to be over 1,000 years old, with very large chichi (stalactite like wood formations).
- 14. Wat Si Maha Pho bo tree – Thailand, East. Largest bo tree (Ficus religiosa) in Thailand, with a circumference of some 22 m, height – some 30 m. According to legend it is 2,000 years old and brought from the sacred Bo Tree in Sri Lanka.
- 15. Sweet chestnut in Nucifori – Italy, Sicily. This tree (Castanea sativa Mill.) has circumference 22 m – but rather consists of several enormous trunks dividing close to level of soil. 22 m high.
20 – 22 m
- 16. Kermandie Queen – Australia, Tasmania, Geeveston. Stoutest mountain ash (Eucalyptus regnans F.Muell.). Circumference 21.65 m, height 77 m. Heavily suffered during the fire in January 2019.
- 17. Joshimath Kalpavriksha – India, Uttarakhand. Stoutest known Himalayan mulberry (Morus serrata), with a circumference of 21.5 m. This sacred tree is believed to be 1,200 years old.
- 18. Taketakerau (Puriri in Opotiki) – New Zealand, Bay of Plenty. The largest puriri (Vitex lucens), with a circumference of 21.3 m, height 20 m. Sacred tree, supposedly more than 2,000 years old. Burials inside its hollow have been found.
- 19. Juwu Bashen Mu (Cypress in Tai An) – Taiwan, Miaoli. Stoutest known specimen in species (Chamaecyparis formosensis Matsum. 1901), diameter 6.56 m, 55 m high.
- 20. Mount Cripps Giant – Australia, Tasmania. Stoutest known Australian oak Eucalyptus obliqua. Circumference 21.08 m, height 60.9 m.
- 21. Gongenyama’s Big Katsura – Japan, Tōhoku. Giant katsura (Cercidiphyllum japonicum) with a circumference of 20 m, height 65 m.
17 – 20 m
- 22. Villalba ceiba tree – Puerto Rico, Villalba. Enormous Ceiba pentandra with a girth of 19.8 m. It is possible that there are larger ceiba trees than this. (Ceiba in Lalbagh Botanical Garden, India, is reported to have a circumfeence of 23 m, but this is measured around the roots which are above the ground level. At its narrowest point the tree is 11 m in circumference).
- 23. Quinault Lake Red Cedar – United States, Washington. Largest specimen of this species (Thuja plicata Donn ex D.Don), 55 m high, diameter 6.04 m. Volume 500 m3, including the hollowed middle.
- 24. The Temple Fig – Australia, New South Wales. Giant white fig (Ficus virens) which has a circumference of 19 m and is 36 m tall. Crown of the tree is 45 m wide.
- 25. Baji Cypress (King Cypress) – Nyingchi, Tibet. Largest known giant cypress (Cupressus gigantea W. C. Cheng & L.K. Fu), height some 46 – 56 m, diameter – 5.8 m, approximately 2,600 years old (not testified).
- 26. Moreton Bay Fig in Bellingen – Australia, New South Wales. (Ficus macrophylla Desf. ex Pers.), girth 18 m, 50 m high. Here grow two trees together – if their trunks are measured together, circumference is 29 m, but 18 m is the circumference of the largest tree.
- 27. Schenklengsfeld Lime – Germany, Hesse. Biggest lime (Tilia cordata Mill.) in circumference in Europe. Trunk has divided into four separate parts. Measurement at 1 m height gives approximate circumference of 17.8 m.
- 28. Old Bottle Butt – Australia, New South Wales, Wauchope. Stoutest known red bloodwood (Corymbia gummifera), circumference 17.5 m (16.3 m?), height 52 m.
- 29. Drago Milenario – Spain, Canary Islands, Tenerife. Largest Canary Islands dragon tree (Dracaena draco) with a circumference of 17.4 m, height – 16.4 m.
- 30. The Fortingall Yew – United Kingdom, Scotland. The oldest known yew (Taxus baccata). In the 18th century the tree had a girth of 17.2 m, diameter 5.4 m. Now two parts remain.
16 – 17 m
- 31. Quinault Lake Spruce – United States, Washington. Stoutest Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis (Bong) Carr.), circumference 16.97 m, height 58.2 m, volume 298 m3.
- 32. Te Matua Ngahere – New Zealand, Northland. Stoutest contemporary kauri (Agathis australis (D.Don) Loudon). Girth 16.76 m, height 37.4 m.
- 33. Chengal in Gunung Mandi Angin – Malaysia,Terengganu. Largest tree in Malaysia, enormous chengal (Neobalanocarpus heimii (King) P. Ashton), circumference 16.75 m, 65 m high.
- 34. Maleny small-leaved fig – Australia, Queensland. Very stout small-leaved fig (Ficus obliqua), circumference 16.55 m, height 49 m.
- 35. Brazil nuts at Itupiranga – Brazil, Pará. Brazil nut (Bertholletia excelsa Humb. & Bonpl.) is one of the stoutest trees in Amazonia, reaching diameter up to 5.25 m.
- 36. Jōmon Sugi – Japan, Kagoshima Prefecture. Largest and oldest sugi tree (Cryptomeria japonica (L.f.) D.Don). Circumference 16.4 m, height 25.3 m. At least 2,000 years old.
- 37. Ton Krabak Yai – Thailand, Tak Province. Giant krabak tree, (Anisoptera costata Korth.), with circumference of 16.10 m, 58 m tall.
- 38. Pakari Brikshya (Pakad, Falakasha, Devdaha banyan) – Nepal, Lumbini. Enormous, beautiful weeping fig (Ficus benjamina). Circumference of its trunk is approximately 16 – 20 m, height – approximately 20 m but the width of crown – more than 30 m.
- 39. Patriarca da Floresta, Vassununga – Brazil, São Paulo. Largest known jequitibá-rosa (Cariniana legalis), with a circumference of 16 m, height of 49 m.
15 – 16 m
- 40. Sycamore in Santa Barbara – United States, California. Enormous sycamore (Platanus racemosa), with a circumference of 15.9 m, 28.65 m height.
- 41. Cat Island Bald Cypress – United States, Louisiana. The largest bald cypress (Taxodium distichum var. distichum L. Rich. 1810) in the world. Trunk circumference is 15.9 m, height 27.7 m. (2017)
- 42. Piquí tree (unspecified) – Brazil. These trees (Caryocar villosum (Aubl.) exceed 15.7 m in circumference and are more than 50 m tall.
- 43. Higashine zelkova – Japan, Tōhoku. Largest known Japanese zelkova (Zelkova serrata (Thunb.) Makino), with a circumference of 15.6 m, 28 m high.
- 44. Tokaling Tsenden Cypress – Bhutan, Wangdue Phodrang. Giant Bhutan Weeping cypress (Cupressus corneyana). Its circumference exceeds 15.5 m, also the height is significant.
- 45. Northern rata in Upper Hutt – New Zealand, Wellington. Largest known northern rata (Metrosideros robusta), with a circumference of 15.39 m, height 39 m.
- 46. Herbig Tree – Australia, South Australia. River red gum (Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehnh.) of unusual cone form, circumference 15.28 m, height just 14.0 m.
- 47. Myrtlewood Trail tree – United States, Oregon. Californian laurel (Umbellularia californica) with a circumference of 15.27 m, height 30.8 m. The trunk of the tree becomes wider at its base – hence the enormous circumference.
- 48. Queets Fir – United States, Washington. Stoutest coast Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii (Mirb.) Franco) in the world. Diameter 4.85 m, height 61.0 m, volume 332 m3 (second largest for species).
- 49. Blackbutt "Benaroon" – Australia, New South Wales, Johns River. Stoutest blackbutt (Eucalyptus pilularis Sm.). 60 m high, girth 15.1 m.
14 – 15 m
- 50. Whitelaw Tree – Australia, Victoria, Mt. Baw Baw. Stoutest and also largest shining gum (Eucalyptus nitens H.Deane & Maiden). 57.5 m high, girth 14.9 m, volume 200 m3.
- 51. The Boab Prison Tree, Derby – Australia, Western Australia. Unusual boab (Adansonia gregorii F.Muell.), circumference 14.64 m (13.85 m?), height just 9.5 m. Used to lock up indigenous Australians in the 1860s on their way to sentencing.
- 52. Dokuz Gol Foetid Juniper – Turkey, Muğla Province. Stoutest foetid juniper (Juniperus foetidissima Willd. 1806), diameter 4.62 m, 25 m high.
- 53. Deodar cedar near Tolma – India, Uttarakhand. Largest known deocar cedar (Cedrus deodara), with a circumference of approximately 14.5 m, height – approximately 30 m.
- 54. Darejo (Errinundra Gum of Result Creek) – Australia, Victoria. Largest tree in species (Eucalyptus denticulata I.O.Cook & Ladiges), circumference 14.4 m, height 62 m.
- 55. Kvill-Eken – Sweden, Kalmar County. Oak (Quercus robur L.) with the largest circumference in Europe. Circumference 14.4 m, height – only 14 m.
- 56.Alex Hole Cedar – United States, Oregon. Stoutest incense-cedar (Calocedrus decurrens (Torrey) Florin 1956), diameter 4.56 m.
- 57. Fremont cottonwood in Skull Valley – United States, Arizona. This is the largest currently known Fremont cottonwood (Populus fremontii S. Watson). The tree has a circumference of 14.22 m and height of 31 m (2017). It was planted in 1917.
- 58. Chirinda Big Tree – Zimbabwe, Manicaland. Enormous African Mahogany (Khaya anthoteca (Welw.) C. DC.), diameter at least 4.5 m, height at least 64 meters. Grows in southernmost African rainforest – Chirinda Forest.
- 59. Sessile oak in Oak Lane – United Kingdom, England, Cheshire. Largest known sessile oak (Quercus petraea), circumference 14.05 m. Trunk is partly missing.
This is a list of the world’s largest trees but Wondermondo offers other articles about giant trees of the world:
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- Top 10 tallest trees in the world – 10 tallest species of trees in the world, with a map.
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