Pancha Rathas, Mahabalipuram

Bhima Ratha, Tamil Nadu

A rare example of rock cut monolithic buildings – five ornate shrines and three sculptures of animals. Created in the late 7th century AD.

Kanheri Caves

View from the hill above Kanheri Caves towards suburbs of Mumbai

Group of 109 Buddhist rock cut cave temples in the outskirts of Mumbai, developed in the 1st century BC – 9th century AD.

Bhaja Caves

Entrance in chaityagriha, Bhaja Caves

One of the oldest Buddhist rock-cut structures in the world. 22 caves, created approximately in the 2nd century BC. Beautiful stone-carved facades, other values of art and history.

Karla Caves

Karla Caves, the most magnificent rock-cut chaitya in India. Note the ancient wooden details

This beautiful rock-cut temple complex includes the most beautiful prayer hall – chaitya – of Indian cave temples. Developed in 120 BC – the 10th century AD.

Badami Cave Temples

Badami Cave 3 in India, entrance portal

A group of four beautiful rock-cut temples, made in the 6th – 7th centuries AD. Located in the ancient capital of Early Chalukyas. Art of temples witnesses the search for a distinct style.

Elephanta Caves

Inside the Great Cave, Elephanta Caves in India

Group of beautiful, five Hindu and two Buddhist rock-cut temples, built around the 5th – 8th century AD. Great Cave includes the famous sculpture of Trimurthi.

Ellora Caves, Kailasanatha Temple

Kailasanatha, India

One of the highest achievements not only in Hindu architecture but in ancient structural engineering of the world. A group of 34 rock-cut temples, including the glorious Kailasanatha Temple, are cut out from a whole rock. Built around 550 – 1000 AD.

Ajanta Caves – rock cut Buddhist temples

Ajanta Caves, Cave No 20 in the forefront

One of the most beautiful rock-cut temple complexes in the world. It was developed in the 2nd century BC – 480 AD. In total there are 28 – 30 rock-cut structures, containing murals and sculptures of high importance to the culture of mankind.