Landmarks of the Bahamas

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Dean's Blue Hole, Bahamas
Dean's Blue Hole, Bahamas / Ton Engwirda, Wikimedia Commons / CC-BY-SA-3.0 Netherlands

Most interesting landmarks of the Bahamas

Below are listed the most amazing natural and man made landmarks of the Bahamas.

Natural landmarks of the Bahamas

Blue holes and black holes

Church's Blue Hole, Bahamas
Church’s Blue Hole / Tim Horton, Wikimedia Commons, CC BY-SA 2.5
  • Big Blue Hole of Cat Island – north of Cat Island. Legendary lake – here supposedly lives a monster which devours horses. Deep karst sinkhole, well connected with the sea through underwater cavities. Strong sea induced currents may bring objects from the lake into the sea.
  • Black Hole of Andros – South Andros. 300 m wide and up to 47 m deep round water filled sinkhole with a layer of violet jelly layer of bacteria at 18 meters depth. Microorganisms have heated up the water to 40°C.
  • Church’s Blue Hole – North Andros. 140 m wide, beautiful, almost perfectly round water filled sinkhole, one of the many in this area. Covered with 18 m thick layer of freshwater. Sea water starts below it.
  • Dean’s Blue Hole – Long Island. 202 meters deep sinkhole in the sea, only 25 – 35 metres across.
  • Ocean Hole – South Eleuthera. Rounded sinkhole filled with sea water, for most part up to 30 m deep. It experiences sea tides as it is connected to the 300 m distant sea with underground passages. At the southwest corner is located very deep, unexplored hole – possible entrance in such passage.
  • Thunderball Grotto – Exuma. Beautiful underwater cave – sinkhole under the limestone cliffs of small island near Staniel Cay.

Caves

Sinkhole in Preacher's Cave, Bahamas
Sinkhole in Preacher’s Cave / Paul Schultz, / CC BY 2.0
  • Dunmore’s Cave – Long Island, near Deadman’s Cay. Cave with 2 tunnels, one unexplored tunnel leads to the sea. Contains Lucayan petroglyphs.
  • Hamilton’s Cave – Long Island, near Deadman’s Cay. One of the most impressive cave systems in Bahamas, 460 m long, contains beautiful dripstone formations and ancient Lucayan artefacts.
  • Hartford Cave – Rum Cay. Seaside cave with the carvings, possibly even writings of Lucayans.
  • Mystery Cave – Stoking Island, Exuma. Underwater cave system with three known entrances – Mystery Cave, Angelfish Cave (both in the ocean) and the Bottomley’s Blue Hole on the island, total explored length exceeds 3 km, some tunnels are very large. Contains large amount of endemic species of sea organisms.
  • Preacher’s Cave – North Eleuthera. Large niche – burial site of early Lucayans from the 8th century AD with few petroglyphs. First home of European settlers in Bahamas in 1640.

Other natural landmarks

  • Bimini Road – Bimini. Unusual natural monument – some 0.8 km long geological formation which resembles ancient man-made linear structure, located in 5.5 m depth. For a while it was considered to be a unique megalithic structure. There are several more similar sites in the Bahamas – f.e. Andros "Temple".
  • Chickcharney – mysterious bird in Andros Island – forest of Andros Island. According to tales of locals in the forest of this island lives approximately 1 m tall creature which resembles an owl. There is a possibility that here survives the flightless owl Tyto pollens, which was 1 m tall and was last reported in the 16th century.
  • East Plana Cays – Acklins. The only island where survived Bahamian Hutia (Geocapromys ingrahami (J.A.Allen, 1891)). Population of these large rodents on this narrow, 10 km long island could reach 12,000. Later hutia has been introduced to several more islands of Bahamas.
  • Lusca – giant octopus of Andros blue holes – blue holes around Andros Island. There are numerous stories about giant squids which reportedly live in the sinkholes near the coast of Andros. According to these stories this monster is up to 23 m or even 60 m long.
  • The Healing Hole – Bimini. Unusual, mineralized spring coming up from the cave in the salt marshes of North Bimini. Considered to have unique healing powers, although this seems to be largely exaggerated.

Man made landmarks of the Bahamas

Atlantis Paradise Island, BAHAMAS
Atlantis Paradise Island / , Flickr / CC BY 2.0
  • St. Peter and Paul Catholic Church – Long Island. Beautiful Art Deco style church built after 1946 by Father Jerome Hawes.
  • Grey Lady of Great Isaac Cay – Bimini. Small island – site of legends, reputedly haunted by a spirit of mother deceased in shipwreck nearby and looking for her child. Rich with other stories as well.
  • Atlantis Paradise Island – New Providence. Enormous resort complex with the first highrise building in Bahamas, which in many respects symbolizes contemporary Bahamas. Built in 1997 – 2007, impressive Postmodern architecture.

Described landmarks of the Bahamas

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Dean\'s Blue Hole: 23.106341, -75.008722
Black Hole of Andros: 23.975677, -77.702122

The low lying, comparatively small Bahamas are quite popular destination for mass tourism. Most people enjoy here a complete relaxation without bothering too much about travelling around and researching the intricacies of local history and nature.
Interested visitor though will be rewarded with many unique monuments of nature and also several exciting cultural attractions. Islands are rich with legends including stories about unusual creatures looming in the wild forest and swamps.
Islands consist of limestone of the former coral reefs elevated above the sea level. Here have formed thousands of sinkholes and similar formations. Most of them are small and often the indigenous Lucayan people used them as "flowerpots" for cultivated plants in the past. Some sinkholes though are large and unusual. Many large sinkholes and cave systems are connected to the sea and during the tides can be observed either incredible funnels sucking out the water (even a boat can disappear in these funnels) or giant bulges from the incoming water. Even more exotic are black holes – these formations are unique in the world as they contain bacterial layer which generated heat – heating the water up to 40°C hot!

Featured: Black Hole of Andros

Cross section of South Andros Black Hole in south - north direction, compared with Boeing 747-400
Cross section of South Andros Black Hole in south – north direction, compared with Boeing 747-400 / Gatis Pāvils, basing on S.Schwabe, R.A.Herbert, 2005, CC-BY-SA-3.0

Just some 100 kilometers away from the crowded city of Nassau with its highrise hotels there is nearly unexplored land with some of the most mysterious karst formations in the world – black holes.

The best known and the most impressive among them is the Black Hole of Andros (The Black Hole of South Andros). Dark waters of this weird lake hide a layer of microorganisms which have heated water up to 36°C.

Recommended books

Fodor’s Bahamas


The Bahamas exists in extremes: travelers come to find both secluded beaches and vibrant parties on the sand; to dive dramatic wrecks and barrier reefs and glide in sailboats across crystal waters; to try a traditional fish fry or savor delicacies from all across the world; to stay in a cozy inn or a flashy new resort. Our travel experts help visitors navigate must-see destinations and tucked-away gems so they can escape the everyday and absorb the region’s diverse culture.

The Cruising Guide to Abaco, Bahamas: 2018


The accurate easy-to-read color charts are based on original hydrographic research and 45 years of local knowledge, and they are the only charts which show locations of submerged power lines and “do not anchor zones” in the central part of Abaco.

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