Territory

Wonders of Bahrain

The skyline of Manama from Muharraq
The skyline of Manama from Muharraq. / RJ Photos UK, Flickr / CC BY 2.0

WorldBlue  Highlights

The most surprising wonders of Bahrain – a small island country – are the monuments left by a Dilmun culture – prehistoric or ancient culture which sometimes is seen as a separate civilization.

This culture flourished around 3200 – 1600 BC and has left some of the largest necropolises (such as Hamad and A’ali) in the world with some 170,000 graves. It is well possible that people from far away were buried here. Unfortunately this unique heritage is endangered – covered with city.

Today Bahrain is a fast developing country with very impressive construction projects – such as Bahrain World Trade Center.

Map with the described wonders

Travelers' Map is loading...
If you see this after your page is loaded completely, leafletJS files are missing.

WorldViolet Top 19 wonders of Bahrain

Biological wonders

Tree of Life

Southern (Bahrain)

Approximately 400 years old mesquite (Prosopis cineraria) growing in a place that is devoid of water.

Tree Of Life, Bahrain

Archaeological wonders

Qal’at al-Bahrain (Bahrain Fort)

Capital

The former center of Dilmun civilization. Artificial mound with an impressive fort on it. The 12 m high mound consists of 7 stratified layers and was created by constant habitation from 2300 BC to the 18th century. This area (approximately 15 ha) was fortified since ancient times. Portuguese fort was built in the 16th century.

Ancient structures in Bahrain Fort
Hamad (Karszakkan) burial mounds, A’ali burial mounds and other sites

Northern (Bahrain)

Very impressive sets of many thousands of burial mounds – tumulus. Burials have been shaped by the people of Dilmun civilization and other cultures. There are 9 more burial fields.

Diraz

Northern (Bahrain)

An ancient settlement, temple and fortified Umm Al Sajoor spring of Dilmun civilization. Spring was filled with land in the 7th century AD by Ummayad caliph – then it was cleaned again by the villagers.

A’ali East Burial Mound Field

Northern (Bahrain)

Enormous field with 4,669 mounds – burials from the Early Dilmun period, between 2050 and 1750 BCE.

A'ali East Burial Mound Field
Saar

Northern (Bahrain)

Ruins of prehistoric town of Dilmun civilization from the Bronze Age (around 2000 BC), area – approximately 15 ha. Research has provided some insight into this little known civilization.

A’ali West Burial Mound Field

Northern (Bahrain)

A group of 723 prehistoric burial mounds that were made in the Early Dilmun Period. Six of the mounds have ring walls around them.

Al-Hajar burial complex

Northern (Bahrain)

A group of more than 150 subterranean tombs cut in rock and covered with capstones.

Jannusan burial mounds (Royal Mounds)

Northern (Bahrain)

Eight enormous burial mounds from the Bronze Age, more than 10 m high.

Barbar Temples

Northern (Bahrain)

Three temples of Dilmun civilization, built atop each other. The first one was built around 3000 BC, the second – around 2500 BC, and the third – sometimes between 2100 – 2000 BC. Temple had two altars and a natural spring.

Ruins of Barbar Temples, Bahrain

Architecture wonders

Bahrain World Trade Center

Capital

240 m tall twin skyscrapers, the first in the world with integrated wind turbines. This 50 floor high building was built in 2008.

Bahrain World Trade Center, Bahrain
Al Fateh Grand Mosque

Capital

One of the largest mosques in the world that can accommodate more than 7,000 worshippers at a time. Built in 1988. A significant detail is the largest fiberglass dome (diameter – 24 m) in the world.

Al Fateh Grand Mosque, Bahrain
Arad Fort

Muharraq

This fort was built by Arabs in the 15th century. Compact structure with four cylindrical towers on corners.

Arad Fort
Riffa Fort

Southern (Bahrain)

Persian-built fort from the 17th century. It was converted into a palace in the 18th century.

Riffa Fort
Khamis Mosque

Capital

The first mosque in Bahrain. It is believed that the foundation of this building was laid in 692 AD, current building is from the 11th century and has been rebuilt many times.

Khamis Mosque
Al-Sakhir Palace

Southern (Bahrain)

An imposing palace complex that was built in the desert in 1870 – 1901.

Al-Sakhir Palace
Siyadi House

Muharraq

A 19th-century city house with detailed ornamentation and finely carved doors.

Siyadi House
Isa Bin Ali House

Muharraq

One of the best examples of historical Bahraini architecture, the house of Shaikh Isa Bin Ali with a massive wind tower.

Isa Bin Ali House
King Fahd Causeway

Northern (Bahrain)

25 km long system of causeways and bridges across the waters of Gulf of Bahrain, connecting Bahrain to Saudi Arabia. Road has 4 lanes and it was built in 1981 – 1986.

King Fahd Causeway

WorldYellow Recommended books

Culture Shock! Bahrain: A Survival Guide to Customs and Etiquette


Information and background for travelers and expatriates include a brief history and description of Bahrain, along with facts about the food, language, culture, and pastimes to help the “shocked” function in society, business, and residence.

Looking for Dilmun


This book was digitized and reprinted from the collections of the University of California Libraries. It was produced from digital images created through the libraries mass digitization efforts. The digital images were cleaned and prepared for printing through automated processes. Despite the cleaning process, occasional flaws may still be present that were part of the original work itself, or introduced during digitization.


1.8 5 votes
Article Rating
Subscribe
Notify of
guest
0 Comments
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments