Territory

Wonders of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Stari Most in Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Stari Most in Mostar / _ Kripptic, Flickr / CC BY 2.0

WorldBlue  Highlights

Bosnia and Herzegovina is a mountainous country with breathtaking scenery and well-preserved pristine nature. The most amazing wonders of Bosnia and Herzegovina are:

  • Traditional villages – in the mountains are found quite diverse small villages with big history and great scenery. Almost unique is Lukomir – village of semi-nomadic people.
  • Karst features – caves, disappearing rivers, powerful springs and beautiful waterfalls falling over travertine terraces.

Map with the described wonders

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WorldViolet Top 25 wonders of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Geological wonders

Tara River Canyon

Republika Srbska

The most impressive river canyon in Europe, up to 1,100 m deep. Canyon is 82 km long. Along it have been found more than 80 caves.

Kravica

West Herzegovina

This impressive waterfall falls over a natural travertine barrage. The waterfall is some 120 m wide and 28 m high.

Kravica, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Vrelo Bune

Herzegovina-Neretva

One of the most powerful springs in world, its average water discharge is roughly 30,000 l/s and sometimes reaches up to 43,000 l/s. There is a beautiful historical town beside it.

Vjetrenica

West Herzegovina

At least 6,700 m long cave – impressive karst feature. Most likely the cave is a lot longer and might stretch into neighboring Croatia. In summer a blast of cold air blows from the cave. The cave contains one of the richest cave ecosystems in the world with more than 100 species of cave animals including some 37 species that were first discovered here.

Rakitnica Canyon

Herzegovina-Neretva

Beautiful river canyon that is up to 800 m deep and 26 km long. According to local legends this was the birthplace of a dragon.

Hajdučka Vrata

Herzegovina-Neretva

Amazing natural arch that resembles a standing ring. Diameter of the hole is approximately 5 m.

Štrbački buk

Una-Sana

Group of large waterfalls that have formed on natural travertine barrages.

Pliva Waterfall

Central Bosnia

This 22 m high and approximately 50 m wide waterfall is located in impressive natural setting – at the confluence of Pliva river and Vrbas.

Pliva Falls, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Mokranjska Miljacka cave

Republika Srbska

The longest known cave in the country, explored length – 7,200 m. Miljacka river starts from this cave. Here have been made paleontological finds, here live unique species of spider (Nemanela lade) and are found traces of prehistoric human activity.

Biological wonders

Perucica virgin forest

Republika Srbska

Unique forest with very tall trees. Several species of trees (Picea abies, Abies alba) here exceed the height of 50 m and the tallest tree in the recent past was 63 m tall. Currently the tallest one is Vlado – 57.8 m high Norway spruce.

Perucica virgin forest, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Archaeological wonders

Daorson

Herzegovina-Neretva

Remnants of an ancient city that was built by Hellenised Illyrian tribe – Daorsi. In the time period between 300 and 50 BC they built here an acropolis. It is surrounded by cyclopean walls that have been built from enormous stones.

Daorson, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Badanj Cave

Herzegovina-Neretva

Grotto with prehistoric petroglyphs that have been made in the time period between 16,000 and 12,000 BC. Here has existed Upper Palaeolithic settlement.

Architecture wonders

Blagaj

Herzegovina-Neretva

Beautiful village – town in impressive natural setting at the powerful Vrelo Bune spring. At the spring around 1520 was built Blagaj Tekija – monastery for the Dervish cults.

Mostar Old City

Herzegovina-Neretva

Unofficial capital of Herzegovina, beautiful city in valley of Neretva. City contains many valuable buildings in diverse historical styles of architecture, for most part – in Neo-Renaissance and Neo-Classical styles.

Podbrdo in Medjugorje

Herzegovina-Neretva

Site where, reportedly, apparitions of Virgin Mary started in 1981 and continue up to this day. Since then Medjugorje has been turned into an important site for pilgrims.

Radimlja

Herzegovina-Neretva

The largest necropolis with stečaks – characteristic tombstones from the medieval age, mostly 15th and 16th centuries. 63 of these tombstones are decorated with interesting and often enigmatic reliefs – spirals, rosettes etc.

Stari Most (Mostar)

Herzegovina-Neretva

A magnificent bridge that is spanning the Neretva River with a single arch. Initially, it was constructed in 1557 and rebuilt in 2004. The bridge is protected by two fortified towers. The bridge is 29 m long and is an important element of the urban landscape in this charming city.

Bobovac

Zenica Doboj

Remains of a hilltop fortress – town. This town was built in the early 14th century and served as a seat for the rulers of Bosnia. The fortified town was taken by the Ottomans in 1463. Here were buried several kings of Bosnia.

Ostrožac Castle

Una-Sana

Impressive castle on the top of a mountain, built in the 16th century.

Ostrožac Castle, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Visoki

Zenica Doboj

Royal medieval castle town that was built during the 14th century. This town – fortress was quite small, 60 by 25 m large.

Atomska Ratna Komanda (ARK)

Herzegovina-Neretva

The largest nuclear bunker in the area of former Yugoslavia. This secret structure was built in 1953 – 1979 spending 29 billion USD (by present day value). Shelter is 280 m deep and could sustain up to 350 people for up to 6 months. Now it serves as a meeting site for artists.

Mehmed Paša Sokolović Bridge

Republika Srbska

A beautiful bridge that was built in the medieval times, in 1577. Total length of the bridge is 179.5 meters, it has 11 arches.

Lukomir

Herzegovina-Neretva

The most remote village in the country, a semi-nomadic mountain village. Traditional houses are built from stone and have cherry-wood roofs. Next to the village is cemetery with stečaks – traditional tombstones.

Lukomir, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Počitelj

Herzegovina-Neretva

This walled town is located in a karst amphitheater. Town was built mainly in the 16th – 18th centuries.

Počitelj from above, Boznia and Herzegovina
Dugo Polje

Herzegovina-Neretva

Picturesque field with medieval cemetery. Here are located some 150 stečaks – characteristic tombstones. 32 tombstones are decorated with different symbols, most of them – rosettes and crosses.

Dugo Polje, Bosnia and Herzegovina

WorldYellow Recommended books

Bosnia & Herzegovina – Culture Smart: The Essential Guide to Customs & Culture


Culture Smart! provides essential information on attitudes, beliefs, and behavior in different countries, ensuring that you arrive at your destination aware of basic manners, common courtesies, and sensitive issues. These concise guides tell you what to expect, how to behave, and how to establish a rapport with your hosts. This inside knowledge will enable you to steer clear of embarrassing gaffes and mistakes, feel confident in unfamiliar situations, and develop trust, friendships, and successful business relationships.

Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bradt Travel Guide Bosnia & Herzegovina)


From an expert author who has lived and worked in the region for over two decades, Bradt’s Bosnia and Herzegovina is the most comprehensive English-language guidebook available to the mountainous heart of the Western Balkans. It covers the country’s diverse Mediterranean landscapes, from the southern Herzegovina cities of Mostar and Trebinje to the lush and green Alpine regions of Sarajevo and Banja Luka, plus second-to-none coverage of the capital city Sarajevo.


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