Most interesting wonders of Bouvet Island
The most interesting thing about Bouvet Island is that it is extremely seldom visited and there is not too much known about it. It is geographically the most remote island in the world located 2,513 km from the nearest towns – suburbs of Cape Town.
Island is surrounded by steep cliffs, up to 335 m (according to some sources – 500 m?) high.
93% of the island is covered with ice shield. There are several glaciers, like Posadowsky Glacier flowing towards the north and Christensen glacier to the south. As the ice reaches the rim of the island, it falls down on the narrow beach covered with black sand.
Island has been formed by volcano. Its caldera is named Wilhelm II Plateau (highest place – Olavtoppen – 780 m) and is 3.5 km wide. Last known eruption took place in the period between 1955 – 1958, when a new part of island formed in the north-western part. Fumarole was noticed in north-western corner of the island in 1964 and also now on Google Earth images there is seen something similar to sulfurous sediments in its site (although in the 1960ies it was reported that fumarole does not form sediments). Intense fumarole was seen also further south.
Island is an important feeding and breeding spot for seals, penguins and other seabirds. Some 75,000 Antarctic fur seals live here.