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Wonders of Bulgaria

Rila Monastery
Rila Monastery. / Dennis Jarvis, Flickr / CC BY-SA 2.0

WorldBlue  Highlights

Quite a few of the many wonders of Bulgaria are without analogs in the world. The most interesting places here are:

  • Thracian heritage. Although Bulgaria has interesting prehistoric, Roman and Byzantian heritage, some of the most interesting archaeological landmarks are remnants of the unusual Thracian culture. Unusual are Thracian shrines, such as the megalithic Beglik Tash and Tatul shrine, but outstanding monuments of art and architecture are the great Thracian tombs – such as Aleksandrovo Tomb, Kazanlak Tomb, and the unusual Sveshtari Tomb.
  • Rock formations, especially natural arches. In Bulgaria are located such unsung "heroes" of Pinterest and Instagram as the fairy-tale rock formations in Devetashka Cave and “Eyes of God” in Prohodna but no less interesting are the weird Pobiti Kamani or Rititi cliffs.
  • Christian monasteries. There are many monasteries around Bulgaria but some stand out as a real treasury of art and cultural values. Among the richest monasteries should be mentioned Bachkovo Monastery and Rila monastery.

Map with the described wonders

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WorldViolet Top 25 wonders of Bulgaria

Geological wonders

Devetashka Cave


Impressive cave with unusual entrance part: cave starts with several massive natural arches. The total length of the cave is 2,442 m. In the past this cave was used as a place of human settlement, there live also some 30,000 bats and other rare animals.

Natural arches in Devetashka Cave, Bulgaria
Natural arches in Devetashka Cave / Utar Sigmal, Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 3.0
Magura Cave (Magoura Cave)


Beautiful 2.5 km long cave with extensive cave rooms and many speleothems – stalactites, stalagmites. Here have been found remnants of extinct animals but the most important find is cave paintings from the late Neolithic, Eneolithic, and Bronze Ages. The oldest paintings are made in the 8th – 6th millennium BC. Drawings depict the sacred dance of women under the impact of hallucinogenic mushrooms, the oldest and most precise solar calendar in Europe, and many other paintings.

Marvelous Bridges


Two giant natural arches that have formed after the collapse of the cave roof. One is longer – 96 m long, and 15 m wide. 200 m below it comes to the next natural bridge – 60 m long, up to 50 m high. After this, the river goes underground and reappears after 3 km.



Giant cave – 262 m long passage through the mountain that is world famous thanks to two openings in the ceiling – so-called "Eyes of God" or "Oknata". The largest entrance in the cave has a height of 42 – 45 meters.

Eyes of God in Prohodna, Bulgaria
Eyes of God in Prohodna / Boris Jordanov, Flickr / CC BY 2.0

Archaeological wonders



Picturesque rock plateau, purported site of the Thracian shrine. In the rocks is found a multitude of rock carvings, holes (some 300), and trails. Here is located also the “inscription of Belintash” – a group of petroglyphs of unknown age and origin that sometimes is considered to be Thracian writing in an alphabet that predates the Greek alphabet.

Plovdiv Roman theatre


One of the best preserved ancient theatres in the world, built during the times of Emperor Trajan (98 – 117 AD). Theatre has a capacity for 5 – 7 thousand people and is used up to this day. Theatre was rediscovered only in the 1970ies, excavated and renovated.

Plovdiv Roman theatre
Plovdiv Roman theatre. / Dennis Jarvis, Flickr / CC BY-SA 2.0
Plovdiv Roman Stadium


An enormous structure that was built at the beginning of the 2nd century AD, some 240 m long and 50 m wide. It had enough seats for 30,000 spectators.

Silistra Roman Tomb


A structure that was built in the middle of the 4th century AD in the Roman city of Durostorum. It is well preserved and the whole interior is adorned with Roman frescoes without the noticeable impact of Christianity.



Ruins of a prehistoric, megalithic city. Most likely the development here started thanks to an important prehistoric shrine, this site was the possible location of the Temple of Dionysius. Construction started around 5000 BC. Around Roman times there was built a massive palace with several stories and massive fortification walls with up to 2.8 m thick walls. Ruins of an ancient church, built around the end of the 4th – early 5th century.

Perperikon, Bulgaria
Perperikon / Bin im Garten, Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 3.0
Beglik Tash


An unusual megalithic shrine that was built by use of natural rock formations and man-made megalithic structures. This is considered to be a Thracian shrine that was in use from the 14th century BC to the 6th century AD.

Beglik Tash
Beglik Tash. / Andrey, Flickr / CC BY 2.0


One of the oldest cities in the world and most likely – the oldest in Europe. This small city flourished around 4700 – 4200 BC. Developed around salt mines and had some 350 inhabitants.

Architecture wonders

Rila Monastery


The largest monastery in Bulgaria, founded in the 10th century, spiritual and cultural center of the Bulgarian nation in medieval times. Rebuilt several times. Includes numerous interesting structures such as Hrelyo Tower (1335) – a fortified tower house, the oldest structure in the monastery.

Frescoe in Rila Monastery, Bulgaria
Frescoe in Rila Monastery, Bulgaria / , Flickr / CC BY 2.0


Well preserved, authentic ethnographical village with more than 200 wooden houses (18th – 19th century) and cobblestone streets.

Zheravna. / Anne and David, Flickr / public domain
Boyana Church

Sofia City

A medieval church that was built in the late 10th – 13th century. The interior of the church is adorned with numerous frescoes and especially valuable are the frescoes made in 1259 – this group of paintings is one of the most impressive pieces of medieval art in this part of Europe.

Boyana Church
Boyana Church. / Dan Lundberg, Flickr / CC BY-SA 2.0
Rock-hewn Churches of Ivanovo


Group of some 350 rock-hewn structures – churches, monasteries, chapels. Developed since the 13th century, contains well-preserved medieval frescoes.

Frescoes in Ivanovo rock cut church, Bulgaria
Frescoes in Ivanovo rock cut church, Bulgaria / Klearchos Kapoutsis, / CC BY 2.0
Bachkovo Monastery (Petritsoni monastery)


An important site for Bulgarian, Georgian, and Armenian cultures, established in 1083. Contains valuable frescoes and other art values of high importance. Interesting is the "Panorama" mural that represents the history of the Bachkovo monastery.

Bachkovo, frescoes in the Church of the Assumption of Our Lady
Bachkovo, frescoes in the Church of the Assumption of Our Lady. / Dan Lundberg, Flickr / CC BY-SA 2.0
Nessebar Old City


A well-preserved, ancient town on a small peninsula of the Black Sea. First built as a Thracian settlement, a Greek colony since the 6th century BC. Old town to a large extent has preserved its medieval feel, with the oldest structures from the times of Ancient Greece and Byzantine Empire and traditional wooden houses from the 19th century. In the small city are 40 churches, most of them very old.

Nessebar, Holy Archangels Church
Nessebar, Holy Archangels Church. / fusion-of-horizons, Flickr / CC BY 2.0
St. George Church in Sofia

Sofia City

One of the oldest churches in this part of Europe, constructed in the 4th century by the Romans. The central dome is adorned with very old frescoes from the 10th – 14th centuries. Around the building have been preserved elements of the ancient Roman city – streets, drainage, and remnants of some other buildings.



The smallest city in Bulgaria with 385 inhabitants. Most buildings in the city are monuments of architecture, including some very old residential buildings from the 12th – 13th century, the ornate Kordopulov House with its extensive wine cellars (1754), and other interesting structures.

Melnik, Bulgaria
Melnik / Klearchos Kapoutsis, Flickr / CC BY 2.0

Veliko Tarnovo

An enormous system of fortifications, the most important fortress of the Second Bulgarian Empire in the time period between 1185 and 1393. The entire mountaintop is surrounded by massive walls that enclose the castle and church.

Shiroka Laka


A picturesque village in mountains with the characteristic architecture of Rhodopi. Villagers have preserved many historical traditions.

Shiroka Laka
Shiroka Laka. / pansy_burke, Flickr / CC BY-SA 2.0
Baba Vida


Impressive and well-preserved medieval fortress with two concentric curtain walls and some 9 towers. Construction started in the 10th century, the fortress was rebuilt in the 14th century.

Baba Vida
Baba Vida. / Klearchos Kapoutsis, Flickr / CC BY 2.0
Plovdiv Old City


Extensive historical city with narrow streets and numerous buildings in the beautiful Bulgarian Renaissance style.

Plovdiv Old City
Plovdiv Old City. / Klearchos Kapoutsis, Flickr / CC BY 2.0

Sofia province

This town is very rich with authentic historical architecture – hundreds of ornate houses that were built in the 19th century in the Bulgarian National Revival style.

Koprivshtitsa. / www.bdmundo.com, Flickr / CC BY-SA 2.0
Belogradchik Fortress


An impressive fortress in a beautiful mountain setting. The first walls were built already in the times of the Romans and extended in the 14th century. The fortress is surrounded by strangely shaped rocks.

Belogradchik fortress and cliffs, Bulgaria
Belogradchik fortress and cliffs / Klearchos Kapoutsis, Flickr. CC BY 2.0

WorldYellow Recommended books

Bulgaria – Culture Smart!: The Essential Guide to Customs & Culture

Bulgaria, situated in southeastern Europe on the Black Sea, is one of Europe’s best-hidden secrets. A haven for nature and history buffs, this beautiful sunny country welcomes the traveler with bread and salt, a red rose, and a wooden vessel full of sparkling wine. These three emblems of ancient treasures, rose oil, and natural beauty symbolize its distinctive culture.

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