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Wonders of Cameroon

Landscape near Rhumsiki peak, Cameroon
Landscape near Rhumsiki peak / Alfred Weidinger, Wikimedia Commons / CC BY 2.0

WorldBlue  Highlights

The natural and man-made heritage of Cameroon is very rich and, most likely, there are additional outstanding landmarks that are not known to a wider audience and even specialists. This large country has huge landscape diversity ranging from sea and lowland rainforest to volcano summits and savanna. The most amazing wonders of Cameroon are:

  • Indigenous architecture. Several ancient cultures evolved in Cameroon and traces of their impact are seen up to this day. Some styles of vernacular architecture in Cameroon are truly unique, such as Musgum architecture in the north of the country. Amazing landmarks are palace complexes of local chiefs (fons), especially the historical center of Bafut.
  • Crater lakes. Lake Nyos and Lake Monoun got the dubious world fame of “lakes – killers” in the 1980s, when they exploded, emitting huge clouds of carbon dioxide. Other crater lakes may also have gas in their sediments but are unusual due to unique ecosystems – each of them has a whole collection of water animals that are not found anywhere else in the world.

Map with the described wonders

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WorldViolet Top 25 wonders of Cameroon

Geological wonders

Mount Cameroon


Possibly the oldest still-active volcano in the world. It has been active for 30 million years at least. This enormous mountain rises 4 040 m from the ocean and is located over one of the largest known reservoirs of magma.

Mount Cameroon and tourists
Mount Cameroon and tourists./ AfricaTravelAssociation, Flickr / CC BY 2.0
Nka’a Cave


168 m long cave with a river running through it. After the cave, there is a natural bridge over the river. The cave is used for ritual purposes and locals consider this a dangerous place at night.

Rhumsiki volcanic plugs

Far North

Mountainous area with amazing volcanic plugs – giant rock needles. This area with its traditional cultural landscape and roundhouses of Kapsiki people belongs to the most beautiful places in Africa.

Rhumsiki volcanic plugs
Rhumsiki volcanic plugs. / krishna naudin, Flickr / CC BY-SA 2.0
Lake Nyos


Crater lake with a pocket of magma that leaks carbon dioxide in the lake water from below. As a result, lake sediments become oversaturated with carbon dioxide. From time to time lake explodes, emitting huge amounts of carbon dioxide. The last eruption in 1986 killed 1,700 people.

Lake Nyos one month after the eruption of carbon dioxide, Cameroon
Lake Nyos one month after the eruption of carbon dioxide / US Geological Survey, Wikimedia Commons, public domain
Lobé Falls

South (Cameroon)

A large waterfall that falls directly into the sea. The total height of falls exceeds 20 m (tallest step – 15 m) and width – 100 m. A sacred site to local people.

Lobé Falls, Cameroon
Lobé Falls / Brian Smithson, Wikimedia Commons / public domain
Ekom-Nkam Falls

Littoral, West

Spectacular, approximately 50 m (some sources mention 80 m) tall plunge of Nkam River. Beautiful scenery adds to the beauty of the falls.

Ekom Falls, Cameroon
Ekom Falls / Carlos Reis, / CC BY 2.0
Kola Gorges

North (Cameroon)

Narrow and impressive, some 4 km long gorge. The depth of the gorge is 30 – 35 m, it ends with a 20 m tall waterfall and cave.

Kola Gorges, Cameroon
Kola Gorges, Cameroon./ 2ddanga, Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 4.0
Métché Falls


40 m tall, rather wide plunge over cliff overhang. A sacred site to local people that, reportedly, was used to get rid of curses.

Métché Falls
Métché Falls, Cameroon./ Prosper Mekem, Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 4.0
Menchum Falls


Approximately 30 m tall waterfall of the powerful Menchum River. There are more rapids and waterfalls on this river.

Menchum Falls
Menchum Falls, Cameroon./ Nick Annejohn & Family, Wikimedia Commons / public domain
Lake Monoun


So-called exploding lake that can emit a huge amount of carbon dioxide thus killing the people and animals around the lake. The last eruption in 1984 killed 37 people.

Anloua swamps


Unique lake deposits where the largest vivianite crystals have been found. The largest crystals were up to 1.35 m long, now are found up to 40 cm long, green, and translucent crystals. The formation of such large crystals in lake deposits is unique.

Vivianite crystals in Anloua swamps, Cameroon
Vivianite crystals in Anloua swamps / , historical image

Biological wonders

Lake Barombi Mbo


5 – 7 km² large volcanic lake with a large number of endemic freshwater species. 11 species of cichlids, catfish Clarias mclareni, sponge Corvospongilla thysi and shrimp (Caridina sp.) are found only here. Lake deposits contain much carbon dioxide, like many other local volcanic lakes.

Lake Barombi Mbo
Lake Barombi Mbo, Cameroon./ Ryszard Vorbrich, Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 3.0
Lake Bermin


Although this crater lake is only 0.583 km² large, 9 species of cichlid fish are endemic, found only here. Not far is another crater lake – Lake Dissoni – that has only three species of fish – but all these species are found only here.

Mount Oku swamp


The highest sphagnum swamp in West Africa. It is located at a height of 2,900 m. The swamp contains unique species of plants and is surrounded by a pristine cloud forest.

Lake Ejagham


Small lake, formed by groundwater and surrounded by tropical forest. Although this lake is only 1000 by 700 m large, there evolved 7 endemic species of fish.

Archaeological wonders

Shum Laka shelter

North West

An enormous rock shelter – space under a rock overhang. People have lived in this site over the last 32 thousand years and deposits contain numerous artifacts, including burials. This place is sacred to local people.


Far North

An abandoned settlement or sacred site that was abandoned sometime around the 15th century AD. Consists of a group of dry stone walls that rise up to 6 m tall. The site contains also tunnels that are overlaid with massive stones. In this region are found 15 similar sites.

Saa-Mbura and Saa-Machub megaliths


Two large groups of megalithic structures – standing stones arranged in circles, squares, and alignments. The time of construction is not known.

Fovu Caves (Baham Cave)


Rock shelters under giant blocks of granite. The largest cave room is 40 m long, 20 m wide, and 15 m high. A sacred site.

Bidzar petroglyphs

Far North

Some 500 petroglyphs that are etched on a marble surface, mostly geometric symbols: circles, and cupules.

Architecture wonders



Center of Bafut Chiefdom with a shrine, palace, houses for secret societies, lodges, and women’s houses. Houses are built from mud brick, roofs are tiled with terracotta. In the center of this town is located Achum Shrine (Bagangu), rebuilt in the 1910s in traditional style, with interesting, distinct ornamentation. Another important building is Bafut Palace where lives ruler – Fon of Bafut. Only he and his wives can enter Achum Shrine. Palace was built more than 400 years ago, the current palace was rebuilt in the early 20th century.

Buildings in Bafut Palace, Cameroon
Buildings in Bafut Palace / Che Patrick Ndoh, Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 3.0
Musgum mud huts in Pouss

Far North

In this remote area of Cameroon has evolved a unique style of construction – unusual, beehive-formed buildings with ornamentation and bright colors. The small settlement of Pouss is rich with these buildings, and interesting is also Sultan’s Palace.

Musgum mud huts
Musgum mud huts, Cameroon./ Colibryus (Bruno Trédez), Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 4.0
Foumban Royal Palace


The administrative center of the Bamoun people, a large palace that was constructed in 1917. Today it contains the Sultan’s museum and a rich collection of traditional weapons. Foumban is a center of culture, where indigenous writing (Shumom or Bamum script) was invented and used.

Foumban Royal Palace
Foumban Royal Palace. / Elin B, Flickr / CC BY 2.0
Rey Bouba Palace

North (Cameroon)

Center of power for Rey Bouba sultanate – a large complex of buildings over an area of 5 ha. The core part of the complex is surrounded by 800 m long and up to 7 m tall walls with 6 doors. Complex was constructed in 1805 – 1808.

Palace of King’s Bell


Palace of the King Auguste Manga Ndumbe, constructed in 1905 in Eclectic style.

WorldYellow Recommended books

Cameroon (Bradt Travel Guide)

With ancient chiefdoms tucked between terraced fields and volcanic mountains, Mount Cameroon―Africa’s highest peak, the impressive Waza National Park with its herds of elephants, and the coast’s sleepy palm-fringed beaches, Cameroon has no shortage of attractions, yet it somehow fails to be a tourist haunt. The only full-length, English-language guide, this book contains essential information on nature, culture, and staying healthy plus practical details like getting around and accommodation options in the city and countryside.

You Went Where?: An Unexpected Journey to Cameroon

This is a story of love and family that involved a three-month visit to Cameroon, a country that most Americans have a hard time finding on a map. Relatively few visitors find their way here since most tours focus on the plains of East Africa. Cameroon is located on the Gulf of Biafra just under the great bulge of West Africa. It is roughly knife-shaped and plunges deep into the heart of central Africa. It contains within its border almost every animal and habitat that can be found anywhere on the continent.

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