Most interesting landmarks of Comoros
Below are listed the most amazing natural and man made landmarks of Comoros.
Natural landmarks of Comoros
- Dziankoudre Waterfall – Anjouan. Beautiful waterfall south from Mutsamudu.
- Ntingui Waterfalls (Mtingui Falls) – Anjouan. Several tall waterfalls in the central, forested part of Anjouan.
- Nkozini Waterfall – Anjouan. Tall waterfall north from Moya, could be taller than 100 m.
Ecosystems and other natural landmarks
- Central Mohéli forests – Mohéli. Pristine forest (some 3000 ha in size) with numerous endemic species of reptiles and other organisms.
- Lac Sale hot springs – Grande Comore. Hot sulfuric springs in volcanic lake, sacred place.
- Mount Karthala shrubland – Grande Comore. Unique ecosystem, dominated by the endemic giant (up to 8 m high) heath Erica comorensis. Four species of birds are found only on the slopes of this volcano – Humblot’s Flycatcher, Comoro White-eye, Comoro Drongo and Karthala Scops Owl, many other endemic species.
Man made landmarks of Comoros
- Domoni – Anjouan. Historical town with narrow streets, established in the 12th century. Many houses have beautiful doors which are covered with woodcarvings. Fortification wall and tower, fairly well preserved palace from the 13th century. Palaces with polychrome ceilings. Fortification wall.
- Iconi – Grande Comori. The first capital of Grande Comore, developed since the 12th century. Buildings are adorned with beautiful woodcarvings, remnants of old palaces and fortifications.
- Itsandra Mdjini – Grande Comori. Small, walled maritime trade city, founded in the 14th century. Numerous historical buildings including the 17th century fortress, which is linked to the city with 130 m long, fortified stairway.
- Moroni – Grande Comore. Historical center of old African – Arabic trade town, developed since the 14th century. Characteristic maze of narrow streets. In the former royal palace still live descendants of royal family.
- Mutsamudu – Anjouan. Historical trading city, established in the 14th century. Densely built city with narrow streets and historical architecture. Several covered bridges across the streets preserved – a place where high-ranked women crossed the streets without being noticed. Traditional Swahili-Shiraze architecture with woodcarvings.
Mosques and other man made landmarks
- Mutsamudu Fortress – Anjouan. British built fortress, constructed in 1782 – 1789 to protect the town from Malagasy pirates.
- Old Friday Mosque – Grande Comore. Beautiful mosque, adorned with intricate woodcarvings, built in 1502 AD.
- Shirazi Mosque in Domoni – Anjouan. Possibly the oldest mosque in Comoros, built by Shirazi settlers from Persia.
- Ziyarani Mosque – Anjouan, Sima village. This mosque was built in the 15th century over the ruins of older mosque from the 11th century.
Described landmarks of Comoros
Comoros islands do not belong to popular tourist destinations – but there is enormous potential. Islands are very poor – but the scenery is beyond gorgeous, local towns and villages may be dirty but people – friendly and welcoming.
Highlights of Comoros are:
- Historical towns. The value of ancient Comoran towns is not yet appreciated. These towns today are poor and mostly – very dirty, but they represent a unique blend of Persian and Swahili art and construction traditions. Comoran towns have narrow, crooked streets with centuries old buildings, many buildings here are adorned with traditional woodcarvings.
- Biodiversity. Unique place is Mount Karthala near the capital of Comoros. Near the summit of this giant volcano grows the only forest of heath Erica comorensis, here live birds and other animals which are not met anywhere else in the world. But elsewhere in Comoros are found unique ecosystems as well.
Madagascar and the Comoro Islands have an unusual, highly endemic and rich flora. This single volume is a guide to the collections and literature relating to these islands’ unique and vanishing plant life. It provides biographical and bibliographical information on over 1,000 individuals who have collected herbarium specimens in these islands.