Territory

Wonders of Czechia

Centre of Prague, Czech Republic
Centre of Prague, Czech Republic / G.Pāvils, CC-BY-SA-3.0

WorldBlue  Highlights

The heritage of Czechia is very diverse and especially rich and diverse is man-made heritage – from archaeological landmarks to the achievements of modern architecture. The most amazing wonders of Czechia are:

  • Historical cities and towns. Czechia has one of the most beautiful historical cities in the world – Prague, but there are many more great towns – the beautiful Český Krumlov, exotic Znojmo with its underground part and the Renaissance gems – Slavonice and Telč.
  • Castles. The largest castle complex in the world is Prague Castle, but here are other very impressive castles – the unique Karlštejn, fairy-tale Hluboká Castle and others.
  • Churches. The most impressive churches in Czechia are very diverse: the magnificent St. Vitus Cathedral belongs to the most impressive Gothic churches worldwide but the eerie Sedlec Ossuary – one of the creepiest worldwide.

In the country are found also very interesting and diverse rock formations – "forests" of tall sandstone needles, oversized stone "pillows" and very deep holes.

Map with the described wonders

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WorldViolet Top 25 wonders of Czechia

Geological wonders

Pravčická brána

Ústí nad Labem

The largest natural sandstone arch in Europe, 26.5 m wide and 16 m high, only 3 m thick.

Hranice Abyss

Olomouc

The deepest known underwater cave in the world. The total known depth of this cave is 473.5 m, known depth of the cave lake – 404 m. It is expected that it is much deeper – up to 1200 m deep.

Architecture wonders

Prague Old Town

Prague

Prague provides one of the most impressive medieval cityscapes in the world. The city has a huge number of outstanding architectural monuments in beautiful settings. The historical center is large and consists of several parts, including Staré Město (Prague Old Town), Nové Město (Prague New Town), Malá Strana and Hradčany as well as Josefov – the historical Jewish ghetto.

Sedlec Ossuary

Central Bohemia

Small chapel with worldwide fame because it contains bones of some 40 – 70 thousand people. Many bones have been used to decorate the interior of the chapel.

Karlštejn

Central Bohemia

A beautiful, very impressive castle that was built in Gothic style in 1348 – 1365. Residence of Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV. The tallest fortification tower is the unique 60 m tall Bog Tower with up to 7.5 m thick walls.

Karlštejn, Czech Republic
Telč

Vysočina

Historical city of outstanding beauty, with very impressive main square and multiple buildings in Renaissance and Baroque styles. Founded in the 13th century. Many houses are painted in sgrafitto style.

Telč, Czech Republic
St. Vitus Cathedral

Prague

Outstanding example of Gothic architecture. The enormous church is 124 m long, with 96.5 m high main tower. Here are buried many Holy Roman Emperors, Bohemian kings. Design of this church left impact on the design of numerous other great European churches.

St. Vitus Cathedral in Prague
Hluboká Castle

South Bohemia

Gothic castle from the 13th century, rebuilt several times with the last rebuilding in the 19th century in Neo-Gothic style.

Prague Castle

Prague

The largest castle in the world, 570 m long and 130 m wide. Development of this giant structure started around 870 AD and it includes numerous structures in diverse architectural styles. One part of it – the Old Royal Palace – contains Vladislav Hall – spacious Gothic room, an important ceremonial hall.

St. Vitus Cathedral rises above Prague Castle
Český Krumlov

South Bohemia

This town has a beautiful historical center with the enormous Český Krumlov Castle in its center.

Znojmo Catacombs

South Moravia

Network of some 25 km long passageways built for defensive purposes in the 14th – 15th centuries. Whole city could evacuate in a case of need and survive underground for longer time.

Charles Bridge

Prague

One of the best known medieval bridges in Europe, built in 1357 – 1402 over Vltava, once important element of trade routes in this part of Europe. Bridge is 621 m long, built in Gothic style with three beautiful watchtowers. Bridge is adorned with some 30 sculptures.

Charles Bridge, Prague
Strahov Monastery

Prague

Large historical monastery, founded in 1143. This Premonstratensian abbey contains several rooms with ornate interiors and art values such as the Theological Hall and the Philosophical Hall.

Theological Library in Strahov Monastery, Czech Republic
St. Barbara’s Church in Kutná Hora

Central Bohemia

Gorgeous cathedral in Gothic and Baroque styles, built in 1388 – 1905.

Slavonice

South Bohemia

Well preserved medieval city with unique concentration of Renaissance style buildings, many painted in sgrafitto technique. Most of these buildings were built in the 14th – 16th centuries.

Church of Our Lady before Týn

Prague

Beautiful church in Gothic style, with two 80 m tall towers. Church was constructed in the 14th century.

Osek Monastery

Ústí nad Labem

Medieval monastery with buildings in Gothic and Baroque style, founded in 1196. Church and monastery premises are adorned with beautiful frescoes.

Letohrádek Hvězda

Prague

Unusual villa from the times of Renaissance, built in 1555 – 1558. In the plan villa has a shape of six-pointed star.

Křivoklát Castle

Central Bohemia

An impressive castle, built in Gothic style in the 13th century.

Pernštejn Castle

South Moravia

An impressive, well preserved medieval castle, built around 1270 – 1285 in Gothic style and rebuilt in Renaissance style in the 16th century.

St. Procopius Basilica in Třebíč

Vysočina

Church in the late Romanesque – early Gothic style, built in 1240 – 1260. It is nearly unique example uniting both these architecture styles in a single, harmonious structure.

Litomyšl Palace

Pardubice

Outstanding palace in Renaissance style, built in 1568 – 1581. This is an early example of arcade castle in Central Europe, borrowed from the Italian examples.

Old New Synagogue

Prague

The oldest active synagogue in Europe, constructed in 1270 as one of the first Gothic-style buildings in the city. Linked to legends about Golem.

Zvíkov Castle

South Bohemia

Early Gothic castle in impressive natural setting, in the confluence of Vltava and Otava rivers. Built in the first half of the 13th century. Castle has a fine Gothic cloister.

Třebíč Jewish Quarter

Vysočina

One of the best preserved Jewish ghettos worldwide with more than hundred historical buildings.

WorldYellow Recommended books

National Geographic Traveler: Prague and the Czech Republic, 2nd Edition


In response to the modern vacationer’s interest in more meaningful journeys, we have relaunched the acclaimed National Geographic Traveler guidebook series to embrace experiential travel—with emphasis on soft adventure and hands-on involvement in local life and culture. This guide to beautiful Prague and the Czech Republic is chock full of attractive new features to make your trip uniquely memorable: Insider tips from National Geographic and local experts reveal favorite little-known sites and events.

Rick Steves Prague & The Czech Republic


Inside Rick Steves Prague & the Czech Republic you’ll find:
– Comprehensive coverage for spending a week or more exploring Prague and the Czech Republic;
– Rick’s strategic advice on how to get the most out of your time and money, with rankings of his must-see favorites;
– Top sights and hidden gems, from the city’s stunning Old Town Square and Prague Castle to charming neighborhood bars and restaurants;
– How to connect with local culture: Take a dip in freshwater peat spas, explore the medieval villages of Bohemia, or enjoy a wine-cellar serenade with friendly vintners.


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