Territory

Wonders of Estonia

Tallinn Old City
Tallinn Old City. / TausP., Flickr / CC BY-ND 2.0

WorldBlue  Highlights

Even if it is small , Estonia offers a wide array of very interesting natural and man-made landmarks. The most amazing wonders of Estonia are:

  • Medieval Tallinn – one of the most amazing historical cities in this part of the world, built on and around a tall limestone cliff.
  • Medieval castles and churches – Christianity came here with fortified stone buildings – castles and churches. In Estonia are located some of the most impressive palaces in this part of Europe.

Map with the described wonders

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WorldViolet Top 25 wonders of Estonia

Geological wonders

Kaali crater

Saaremaa

Fairly recent (7 600 – 4 000 years old), well preserved meteorite craters. The largest crater has a diameter of 110 m and 22 m depth. It has a lake at its bottom and exposed limestone along its rim. The fall of meteorite created legends.

Kaali crater, Estonia
Jägala Waterfall

Harjumaa

Largest waterfall in Estonia, 8 m tall and more than 50 m wide screen of falling water.

Jägala Waterfall
Ehalkivi

Lääne-Virumaa

The largest glacial erratic in Estonia, 930 m³ large (part above the soil), some 2500 tons heavy.

Ehalkivi
Keila Waterfall

Harjumaa

Large waterfall, 6 m tall and 60 – 70 m wide, divided into numerous smaller falls.

Valaste Waterfall

Ida-Virumaa

The tallest waterfall in this part of Europe, with a single, 30 m tall drop.

Valaste Waterfall, Estonia

Archaeological wonders

Varbola Stronghold

Harjumaa

Prehistoric fortress with impressive, up to 10 m tall drystone walls. Built mostly in the 10th – 12th centuries. Stronghold contained some 90 structures.

Architecture wonders

Tallinn Old Town

Harjumaa

The oldest city in Estonia, developed on and around a limestone tableland – Toompea. Well preserved city walls that originally had 66 towers. Settled since the 12th century at least, town status since 1248. Contains numerous valuable monuments of architecture.

Old Tallinn from St. Olaf's Church tower
Kuressaare Castle

Saaremaa

Episcopal castle. Time of construction is not known with certainty, most likely built in the 13th – 14th century. One of the best preserved and largest medieval castles in the Baltics.

Kuressaare Castle
Haapsalu Castle and Haapsalu St. Nicolas cathedral

Läänemaa

Ruins of a medieval castle with enormous cathedral. This single naved church was built in 1260 in Romanesque – Gothic styles. Site of legends.

Tallinn Town Hall

Harjumaa

The only intact Gothic town hall in Northern Europe, built in 1402 – 1404.

Kõpu Lighthouse

Hiiumaa

One of the oldest continuously used lighthouses in the world. Constructed in 1531, 36 m tall.

Kõpu Lighthouse, Hiiumaa in Estonia
Kadriorg Palace

Harjumaa

Well preserved Baroque palace with fine gardens around it. Construction started in 1718 upon the orders of Peter the Great, rebuilt by Nicholas I in 1827 and Konstantin Päts. Now serves as a gallery of art.

Kadriorg Palace
Toompea Castle

Harjumaa

Medieval castle of great historical significance to Estonia, built on the top of limestone tableland. First fortress was built here sometimes around 1050, later this fortress included whole medieval Tallinn. Now it houses Parliament of Estonia. Includes Pikk Hermann – 45.6 m tall watchtower, built in 1360 – 70 and in the 16th century.

Palmse Manor

Lääne-Virumaa

Huge manor complex, built in 1697 – 1740. Restored not just manor house but also park and numerous other buildings in manor complex.

Palmse Manor
St. Olaf’s Church

Harjumaa

Medieval church, the tallest church in the world in 1549 – 1625. Now the spire is 123.7 m tall. A church could have existed here already in the 12th century, first mentioned in written sources in 1267.

Hermann Castle (Narva Castle)

Ida-Virumaa

Massive, well preserved medieval castle, founded in 1256, present building constructed mainly in the 14th century. Its dominant is the 51 m high Long Hermann tower. Castle is facing the Ivangorod Fortress in Russian side.

Hermann Castle (Narva Castle) in Estonia
St. Mary’s Cathedral in Toompea (Dom Church)

Harjumaa

Oldest church in mainland Estonia. First stone church was built here sometimes around 1240, later extended.

Karja Church

Saaremaa

Small medieval church, built in the late 13th – early 14th century. This small church is ornamented with amazing, mysterious symbols.

Pöide Church

Saaremaa

Medieval church, possibly the oldest one in Estonia. Chapel was built here in 1227, there are also murals from this time.

Pöide Church
St. Nicholas’ Church (Niguliste Church)

Harjumaa

Large medieval church. First stone church was built here sometimes around 1230 – 1275, rebuilt in Gothic style in 1405 – 1420. Now the church has 105 m tall tower and contains interesting art values.

Valjala Church

Saaremaa

One of the oldest churches in Estonia, with parts of it built in 1227 – 1228. Contains remnants of medieval murals. Built in Romanesque and Gothic styles.

Taagepera Castle

Valgamaa

An unusual manor house, built in National Romanticism style in the early 20th century. Includes 40 m tall tower.

Taagepera Castle, Estonia
Koguva village

Saaremaa

Unusually well preserved traditional village with some 100 historical buildings from 1880 – 1930.

Alatskivi Palace

Tartumaa

Large Neo-Gothic palace, built in 1876 – 1885.

Koluvere Castle

Läänemaa

Medieval castle that gradually developed here since the 13th century. Castle is built on an artificial island in the river, with a park around it.

WorldYellow Recommended books

Estonia (Bradt Travel Guides)


Bradt’s Estonia remains the only English-language guidebook to this Baltics destination and this seventh edition reveals more of the country than any previous guide. Readers now discover why Miss Estonia likes antique cars, where Eiffel built before Paris, and why Edward VII could not land in Tallinn to meet Tsar Nicholas II and had instead to spend three days in the harbor.

Estonia – Culture Smart!: The Essential Guide to Customs & Culture


Culture Smart! provides essential information on attitudes, beliefs, and behavior in different countries, ensuring that you arrive at your destination aware of basic manners, common courtesies, and sensitive issues. These concise guides tell you what to expect, how to behave, and how to establish a rapport with your hosts.


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