Wonders of the Falkland Islands
These islands are British overseas territory under the jurisdiction of United Kingdom.
The landscape of the Falkland Islands is barren, with rocks and characteristic stone runs – stone-covered plains. In spite of this uninviting description, islands have their special charm. This is a land of wilderness and there is abundant life along its rugged coast and beaches.
Highlights of Falkland Islands are the enormous colonies of penguins, albatrosses, seals.
Map with the described wonders
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Top 14 wonders of the Falkland Islands
Peat deposits of Beauchene island
11 m thick, extremely dense peat (lignite) layer formed by tussock-grass (Poa flabellata) over the last 12,500 years. Such speed of lignite formation some 10 times exceeds the formation of known deposits in the Northern Hemisphere. The mechanism for the formation of this lignite layer is not fully understood.
Big Arch Island
Large natural arch in an island. Large boat can pass through it if the weather allows it.
The longest stone run in Falklands – a plain covered with stones. “Princess Street” is 6 km long and 0.3 – 0.4 km wide. Formed by the weathering during the last Ice Age. The Falkland Islands have the most impressive stone runs in the world.
Colony of albatrosses on Steeple Jason Island
The largest colony of black-browed albatrosses (Thalassarche melanophrus) in the world with some 157 000 breeding pairs.
Colony of albatrosses on Beauchene Island
On this small, rocky and pristine island live some 100,000 pairs of black-browed albatrosses (Thalassarche melanophrus) and more than 60 000 pairs of rockhopper penguins (Eudyptes chrysocome). Second largest colony in the world for both species.
Colony of thin-billed prions in New Island
The largest colony of thin-billed prions (Pachyptila belcheri) in the world with more than 2 million pairs. Huge number of other bird species.
Colony of albatrosses on Grand Jason Island
An enormous colony of black-browed albatrosses (Thalassarche melanophrus), with 52 7000 breeding pairs.
The largest colony of king penguins in Falklands, with some 750 breeding pairs. The beech has very white sand washed with bright blue sea.
Colony of southern giant petrels in Elephant Cays
The most important breeding site for Southern Giant Petrels (Macronectes giganteus) with some 11 000 breeding pairs.
Body Creek Suspension Bridge
One of the southernmost suspension bridges in the world, built in 1925. Closed in 1997.
Falkland Islands Museum
A museum was officially established in 1991 and protects and collects the heritage of Falkland Islands.
Government House, Stanley
Official residence of the governors of Falkland Islands, built in 1845.
The southernmost Anglican cathedral, constructed in 1892 on the site of an earlier church. Next to it stands an interesting monument – Whalebone Arch, made from jaws of two blue whales in 1933.
Central Store, Stanley
A large building from the middle of the 19th century. Possibly the oldest surviving wooden building in the southern part of South America.
Isolated in the south Atlantic between South America and the Antarctic Peninsula, the Falkland archipelago is one of the last unspoiled areas in the world and a region of wild beauty. Its very remoteness also makes the fauna and flora of these 420 islands unique. Here huge “rookeries” of penguins, elephant seals, and albatrosses make their homes, together with many other species which simply do not occur in the northern hemisphere.
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