Wonders of Finland
The landscape and art of this northern land are somewhat restrained, but nevertheless, Finland offers diverse and interesting landmarks. The most exciting wonders of Finland are archaeological and architectural monuments.
Map with the described wonders
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Top 25 wonders of Finland
Björkö (Korsholm) moraine ridges
Impressive landscape formed 10,000 – 24,000 years ago by De Geere moraines formed by the melting of continental ice sheet. Area is experiencing one of the quickest uplifts in the world, 8 – 10 mm per year.
Light phenomena occasionally appearing above Lake Paasselkä and areas near it, mentioned since the 18th century. Usually, it is a ball of light that sometimes behaves as if has its own will. Paasselkä lake has formed in a meteorite crater.
This area has the highest concentration of spectrolite – unique iridescent variety of labradorite feldspar.
Julma Ölkky canyon lake
Impressive, narrow, more than 3 km long lake surrounded by up to 50 m (100 m?) high granite cliffs. Ancient paintings.
Largest (at least – tallest) erratic boulder (piece of bedrock moved by glacier) in Finland, 16 m high.
Wolf Cave of Vargberget (Susiluola)
Large cavern in granite rocks, unique in Northern Europe as it shows that people lived here, in this cave before the last Ice Age, 120,000 years ago.
Impressive Bronze Age burial site consisting of 36 granite cairns of different styles. Developed in 1,500 – 500 BC.
Shrine of Ukonsaari (Äijih)
Ancient sacred site of Saami people with Ukonkivi – sacrifice stone. Possibly used by Saami until the 19th century. Contains also sacrifice cave on the western side – a fragment of silver jewelry was found here.
Prehistoric structure that was built approximately 2000 BC. It represents a stone circle – 36 x 62 m large, 2 m high rampart with 6 gateways. There are more, although less impressive kastelli in Finland.
Impressive medieval castle from the 15th century, the northernmost medieval castle of the world still in use. Located on small granite island.
Largest surviving medieval castle in Finland and the oldest building in Finland still in use. Construction was started in 1280 by Swedes, mainly built in the 16th century.
National shrine of Finland, one of historically most important buildings in Finland. Consecrated in 1300, belongs to the brick Gothic style characteristic for Northern Europe of this time.
Old Rauma (Vanha Rauma)
Unique, well preserved complex of the 19th century historical wooden architecture complete with historical streets, typical for Northern Europe.
Medieval stone church, the seat of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland. The oldest parts of the church are from 1480ies. Interior is adorned with frescoes from the 1510ies.
Town has retained medieval street network and numerous old wooden buildings, including a group of unique storage houses.
Verla Groundwood and Board Mill
Well preserved factory settlement from the 19th century. It formed around paper mill that was working on water power. The settlement was founded in 1872 and operated until 1964. Preserved technological equipment.
Imposing domed building in Neoclassical style, built in 1830 – 1852. One of symbols of Helsinki.
Rock-cut church, made in 1969. Topped by unusual dome made of copper wire.
Considered to be the largest wooden church in the world, built in 1844 – 1847, 37 m high, suited for 3,000 people.
Petäjävesi old church
Unique wooden church built in 1763 – 1765, clock tower in 1821. This is very late example of Renaissance style with some influence of Gothic style.
Paimio Sanatorium (Paimio Hospital)
Great example of modernist architecture, built in 1929 – 1932, designed by Alvar Aalto. The interior and furniture was designed in harmony with the building.
52 metres high lighthouse that was built in 1906. This is a very impressive addition to the rocky landscape of this southernmost inhabited place in Finland.
Helsinki Central railway station
Beautiful National Romanticism structure that was designed by Eliel Saarinen, built in 1909 – 1919.
Päijänne Water Tunnel
World’s second longest continuous rock tunnel after Delaware Aqueduct in United States. Tunnel is 120 kilometers long, runs 30 – 100 m under the surface. Tunnel is large enough for truck to go through. Provides fresh water to large cities of Southern Finland. Built in 1972 – 1982.
Whether it’s kayaking in the serene Lakeland, enjoying a cruise on the Baltic, or taking in the splendor of the Northern Lights in Lapland – Insight Guide Finland helps you get the best out of this outdoor paradise.
In this compact guide, Rick Steves covers the essential spots of each city, including the Hermitage, the Church of the Spilled Blood, Linnanmäki (a classic amusement park), and Toompea Castle. Take a day trip to the Peterhof, stroll through Kaivopuisto Park, or visit the Kumu Art Museum. You’ll get Rick’s firsthand advice on the best sights, eating, sleeping, and nightlife, and the maps and self-guided tours will ensure you make the most of your experience.