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Wonders of Georgia

Gergeti Trinity Church
Gergeti Trinity Church, Georgia. / Adam Jones, Flickr / CC BY 2.0

WorldBlue  Highlights

There are a few small countries in the world with such a distinct culture and richness of natural and man-made wonders as Georgia. Here evolved distinct writing systems (in fact – several writing systems), their own styles in architecture and art.
The most amazing wonders of Georgia are:

  • Churches – Georgia has its own distinct type of church architecture, with the most similar style of church architecture in the neighboring Armenia. This style is extensively used for more than one millennium and in many ways, it defines the man-made landscape in Georgia.
  • Medieval villages with tower houses – tower houses in these villages were built to provide protection from the blood feud and other hostilities.
  • Abysses in Abkhazia – four of the 10 world’s deepest caves are located in Abkhazia and the deepest one – Veryovkina Cave – is explored to the depth of a dizzying 2,212 m!

Map with the described wonders of Georgia

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WorldViolet Top 25 wonders of Georgia

Geological wonders

Veryovkina Cave


The deepest known cave in the world, 2 212 m deep. Discovered in 1968, but the full depth was reached in March 2018.

Veryovkina Cave, ascent from the Babatunda pit
Veryovkina Cave, ascent from the Babatunda pit. / Petr Lyubimov, Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 4.0
Krubera Cave


The second deepest known cave in the world, 2,197 meters deep. This extensive cave system is also quite long – 16,058 m.

Fartuk Sump in Krubera Cave
Fartuk Sump in Krubera Cave at the depth of 1 340 m. / Yuri Kasyan, Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 4.0
Illyuzia – Mezhonnogo – Snezhnaya Cave system (Snowy Cave)


An enormous cave system, 1,753 m deep and 24,080 m long. One of the most complex caves for explorers.

Sarma Cave


The third deepest known cave in the world – 1,830 m deep and 19,251 m long.

Archaeological wonders


Shida Kartli

Rock-hewn town, one of the oldest urban settlements in Georgia that started to develop in the Early Iron Age and was inhabited until the 14th century. Rock-cut architecture unites features of Anatolian and Persian architecture. On the summit stands the Christian basilica that was built in the 9th – 10th centuries.

Uplistsikhe, Georgia
Uplistsikhe / Claire à Taiwan, / CC BY-SA 2.0
Shaori megalithic fortress


Mysterious megalithic structure – fortress at the height of 2,750 m. Similar structures are the Abuli fortress (roughly in 1,500 BC) and the Saro fortress.

Shaori megalithic fortress
Shaori megalithic fortress. / Rusudan Beridze, Flickr / CC BY-ND 2.0


Ruins of the original capital of the early Georgian kingdom of Kartli (Iberia), founded in the 3rd century BC, flourished in the early centuries AD and was ruined by Arabs in the 730s. The fortified citadel of Armazi is called Armaz-Tsikhe. There evolved a special system of writing – Armazi script.

Armazi. / Alexxx Malev, Flickr / CC BY-SA 2.0

Architecture wonders



Twin castles that were built by dukes of Aragvi, built and rebuilt in the 17th – early 19th century. Both castles are connected by a massive curtain wall. The castle complex includes several churches. Church of Assumption (1689) includes fine frescoes.

Ananuri Fortress, Georgia
Ananuri Fortress / Tanya Kuchma, Flickr / CC BY 2.0
Katskhi pillar


Tall limestone stack – monolith with church ruins on it. This stack rises 40 m tall and it is very hard to reach its summit. Nevertheless, on the top of this monolith in the 9th or 10th century was built a hermitage – monastery.

Katskhi Pillar
Katskhi Pillar. / ლევან ნიორაძე, Flickr / CC BY-SA 2.0
Jvari Monastery


One of the oldest Georgian Orthodox monasteries, built in 586 – 605 AD. This monastery was built on the mountaintop in the site of a former pagan temple and it is considered to be the most sacred place in Georgia. One of the earliest examples of the four-apsed church, characteristic in Georgia and Armenia.

Jvari Monastery
Jvari Monastery. / Alexxx Malev, Flickr / CC BY-SA 2.0
David Gareja monastery complex


An amazing complex of cells, churches, and other structures that were hewn into the cliff face. The development of the monastery started in the 6th century.

David Gareja Monastery, Georgia
David Gareja Monastery / Andrzej Wójtowicz, Flickr / CC BY-SA 2.0

Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti

Small town, once an important center of culture in this region. Here are located several medieval churches and many tower-houses – fortresses (Ushguli).

Towers in Mestia
Towers in Mestia, Georgia. / Ebs Els, Flickr / CC BY-ND 2.0
Bagrati Cathedral (Kutaisi Cathedral)


This cathedral is a masterpiece of Georgian architecture. It was built in the early 11th century (most likely in 1003) and rebuilt in 2012. Cathedral was built in the times of King Bagrat III, the first king of united Georgia. Cathedral has beautiful mosaics and wall paintings.

Bagrati Cathedral
Bagrati Cathedral. / Herbert Frank, Flickr / CC BY 2.0
Gelati Monastery


A complex of monastic buildings that includes the Church of the Virgin (built in 1106), and other old churches. Since medieval times monastery houses Academia – one of the main cultural and intellectual centers in Georgia. There are stored numerous manuscripts from medieval times.

Gelati Monastery
Gelati Monastery. / Herbert Frank, Flickr / CC BY 2.0
Gori Fortress

Shida Kartli

Impressive medieval citadel, built on a cliff towering above Gori city. Hill has been fortified already several millenia ago, the current structure was built in medieval times.

Gori Fortress
Gori Fortress. / Stefan Krasowski, Flickr / CC BY 2.0


Picturesque village in the exotic region of Tusheti. In the village have been preserved medieval tower houses, including an especially tall tower with six floors.

Dartlo. / Panegyrics of Granovetter, Flickr / CC BY-SA 2.0
Vanis Kvabebi


This cave monastery was developed from the 8th century AD. The monastery consists of a maze of tunnels in several layers, two churches, and a defensive wall.

Vanis Kvabebi
Vanis Kvabebi. / Henri Bergius, Flickr / CC BY-SA 2.0
Samtavro Church


Large, impressive church, constructed in the 11th century. The monastery was established considerably earlier – in the 4th century.

Samtavro Church
Samtavro Church. / Levan Gokadze, Flickr / CC BY-SA 2.0
Old Tbilisi


The oldest part of Tbilisi – the capital of Georgia since the beginnings of a unified state in the 11th century AD. This part of the city contains numerous monuments of architecture, streets here are narrow and covered with cobblestone, and houses have ornate balconies.

Old Tbilisi
Old Tbilisi. / Alexxx Malev, Flickr / CC BY-SA 2.0
Gergeti Trinity Church


Medieval church in mountains, at the height of 2,170 m. Constructed in the 14th century AD.

Gergeti Church and Mount Kazbegi, Georgia
Gergeti Church and Mount Kazbegi / Roberto Strauss, Flickr / CC BY 2.0
Svetitskhoveli Cathedral


One of the principal Georgian churches. It is venerated as the location of Christ’s mantle. Built sometimes around 1020.

Svetitskhoveli Cathedral
Svetitskhoveli Cathedral, Georgia. / kylepounds2001, Flickr / public domain


A picturesque village in mountains. The village represents a complex of fortified buildings with some 60 towers.

Shatili, Georgia
Shatili / Vladimer Shioshvili, / CC BY-SA 2.0
Adysh (Adishi)

Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti

A picturesque village with many architectonic landmarks, such as the Church of the Deliverer (the 10th – 11th century), other medieval churches, and tower houses.

Adishi, Georgia. / Martin Lopatka, Flickr / CC BY-SA 2.0
Nikortsminda Cathedral

Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti

An ornate medieval cathedral that was constructed in 1010 – 1014. Inside are frescoes that were made in the 17th century.

Frescoes in Nikortsminda Cathedral
Frescoes in Nikortsminda Cathedral, Georgia. / Jelger Groeneveld, Flickr / CC BY 2.0
Nokalakevi (Archaeopolis)

Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti

Impressive ruins of the fortress – settlement of Byzantium. This settlement was inhabited since the 8th century BC but the enormous fortress was built in the 4th – 6th century AD.

Nokalakevi, Georgia. / Panegyrics of Granovetter, Flickr / CC BY-SA 2.0

WorldYellow Recommended books

Edge of Empires: A History of Georgia

Located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, Georgia is a country of rainforest and swamps, snow and glaciers, and semi-arid plains. It has ski resorts and mineral springs, monuments, and an oil pipeline. It also has one of the longest and most turbulent histories in the Christian or Near Eastern world, but no comprehensive, up-to-date account has been written about this little-known country—until now.

Georgia (Bradt Travel Guide)

This new edition of Bradt’s Georgia, the only dedicated guide to the country, has been thoroughly updated throughout, with greatly expanded coverage of Batumi, Adjara, and Svaneti. The capital, Tbilisi, has seen huge changes in the past decade with some conspicuous new projects such as the Peace Bridge, the Opera House, and Saakashvili’s Presidential Palace.

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