Landmarks of Hungary

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Hungarian Parliament Building in Budapest - one of the greatest Neo-Gothic structures in the world
Hungarian Parliament Building in Budapest - one of the greatest Neo-Gothic structures in the world / Kamil Porembiński, Flickr / CC BY-SA 2.0

Most interesting landmarks of Hungary

Below are listed the most amazing natural and man made landmarks of Hungary.

Natural landmarks of Hungary

Hydrothermal features

Hévíz Lake with bath, Hungary
Hévíz Lake with bath / Civertan Bt., Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 2.5
  • Egerszalók – Heves. These white travertine cascades have been formed by a hot spring. Temperature of water reaches 68°C and here is located large spa.
  • Gejzírmező – Veszprém. Geyser cones which mark a field of extinct geysers which started to form some 3 million years ago. These geysers have left cones of geyserite over basalt. In total here are some 50 geyser cones, the most impressive one is Aranyház.
  • Hévíz Lake – Zala. One of the largest thermal lakes in the world, 4.75 ha large. In the lake water live unique microorganisms which are not found anywhere else. Output of the spring in the lake is 410 l/s, temperature of water: 24-37° C. Over the lake is built bath house.

Caves

Baradla, Hungary
Baradla / Andy Stafiniak, Wikimedia Commons, copyleft
  • Baradla (in Slovakia – Domica) – Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén and Slovakia, Košice. 26,065 m long cave system. Domica cave part is 5,140 m long. The beautiful cave contains also gours with water.
  • Szepvolgyi System (Pál-völgy Cave) – Budapest. The longest cave in Hungary, 30.1 km long. Cave has 10 entrances, first parts of this cave were discovered in 1904. Cave is rich with beautiful dripstone formations.

Waterfalls

  • Lillafüred Falls – Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén. The tallest waterfall in Hungary, some 20 m high.

Fossil finds

  • Bükkábrány mummified forest – Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén. Find of fossils – 16 petrified trunks of swamp cypress from the Miocene epoch. These trunks are some 6 m tall and with a diameter of 2 – 3 m. These were large trees, some 30 – 40 m high and trunks were preserved thanks to sandstorm, which covered the trunks up to 6 m deep.
  • Ipolytarnoc Fossils – Nógrád. Very rich find of Miocene fossils including a trunk of petrified pine which was some 100 m tall, remnants of 24 diverse species of sharks and remnants of many other organisms.

Man made landmarks of Hungary

Archaeological heritage

  • Necropolis of Sopianae – Baranya. Group of underground burial chambers with decorated tombs which were created by Early Christians in the 4th century. These tombs are adorned with frescoes – valuable testimony of these times.
  • Százhalombatta-Földvár – Pest. One of the largest prehistoric settlements in this part of Europe. This Bronze Age settlement flourished in 2000 – 1400 BC. Excavations have provided rich finds of everyday utensils and food remnants of prehistoric people.

Historical towns and villages

Esztergom Old City, Hungary
Esztergom Old City / Gábor Bejó, Pixabay, CC0
  • Esztergom Old City – Komárom-Esztergom. This is one of the oldest towns in Hungary and also now it has beautiful historical center with numerous old buildings in Baroque and Neoclassical styles.
  • Fertőszéplak – Győr-Moson-Sopron. One of the historical Hungarian villages near Lake Neusiedl. In this village have been preserved numerous historical buildings including a group of farmhouses in Baroque style. This is a living village with numerous historical utensils and interiors of farmhouses.
  • Hollókő – Nógrád. Well preserved ethnographic village which developed around the castle since the 13th century. Many of the houses were built in the late 17th century.
  • Szentendre – Pest. Historical town with numerous valuable buildings. Since the early 20th century it has attracted artists and creative people.
  • Wekerle Estate – Budapest. Enormous garden city which was developed in 1908 – 1925. In total 1007 houses were built here – all in Art Nouveau and Art Deco style.

Castles

Diósgyőr Castle, Hungary
Diósgyőr Castle / Gábor Bejó, Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 4.0
  • Diósgyőr Castle – Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén. Impressive castle with four massive towers in each corner. This Gothic castle was built in the 14th century. Rebuilt in the 20th – 21st century.
  • Ozora Castle – Tolna. Well preserved castle which is square in plan, with inner yard. Constructed in 1416.
  • Sárospatak Castle (Rákóczi Castle) – Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén. Fine castle with impressive tower in Renaissance style (1534) in the center.
  • Sümeg Castle – Veszprém. Mountaintop castle which was built in the 13th century.
  • Visegrád Castle – Pest. Impressive castle ruins. This castle was built in 1240ies – 1250ies on the top of hill overlooking Danube.

Palaces

Festetics Palace, Hungary
Festetics Palace / Civertan Grafikai Stúdió, Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 2.5
  • Brunszvik Palace – Fejér. This beautiful palace was visited by Ludwig van Beethoven twice and here he wrote Sonata Apassionata. Around the castle is 68 ha large park with some 400 species of trees and shrubs.
  • Buda Castle – Budapest. Enormous palace complex, the residence of Hungarian kings. First castle from stone was built here in 1265 and since then castle has been extended in various architectural styles. Now in the palace are located several museums, the national library.
  • Eszterháza – Győr-Moson-Sopron. One of the greatest palaces in the world, enormous complex of buildings in Rococo style. Constructed in 1762 – 1784, contains numerous very ornate premises (126 rooms) including opera house, theater.
  • Festetics Palace – Zala. Great palace, built in 1745 – 1880ies in Baroque and Neo-Renaissance styles. Contains large library with valuable books.
  • Gödöllő Palace – Pest. Large palace, built in 1733 – late 18th century in Baroque style. The enormous building contains church, theater, riding hall. Large park around the palace.
  • L’Huillier-Coburg Palace – Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén. Beautiful example of early Baroque style, built in 1716 – 1730.

Churches

Matthias Church, Budapest
Matthias Church / Thaler Tamas, Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 4.0
  • Esztergom Basilica – Komárom-Esztergom. Largest church and largest building in Hungary. Reverberation time inside the enormous hall of the church is 9 seconds. Church is constructed in Neoclassical style in 1856.
  • Kallósd Saint Anne Round Church – Zala. This small, round church was constructed around 1260 and is good example of Romanesque style in architecture.
  • Matthias Church – Budapest. Beautiful church in Late Gothic style, built in the second half of the 14th century and largely rebuilt in the late 19th century.
  • Nyírbátor Church – Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg. Beautiful Late Gothic style building, constructed in the time period between 1488 and 1511. Next to it stands large wooden belfry in Renaissance style.
  • Reformed Great Church of Debrecen – Hajdú-Bihar. Enormous church in Neo-Classicism style, built in 1805 – 1924.
  • St. Stephen’s Basilica – Budapest. One of the largest churches in Hungary, constructed in Neoclassical style in 1905.

Christian monasteries

Basilica in Pannonhalma Archabbey, Hungary
Basilica in Pannonhalma Archabbey / János Korom Dr., Flickr / CC BY-SA 2.0
  • Barátlakások – Veszprém. Cave settlement of Greek monks in the northern part of Tihany peninsula. Caves were carved in basalt cliff in the 10th – 11th century.
  • Pannonhalma Archabbey – Győr-Moson-Sopron. Enormous fortified Benedictine monastery which was established in 996. Monastery contains extremely important archives with some 360,000 volumes of valuable books. Basilica with its crypt was built in the 13th century, many extensions were built in Baroque style.
  • Szentgotthárd Abbey – Vas. This Cistercian monastery was founded in 1183 but current structures are in Baroque style, built in 1779. Church has very ornate interior with frescoes and other embellishments.
  • Tihany Abbey – Veszprém. This old monastery complex was built on a hill over Lake Balaton. Founded in 1055 and since these times there has been preserved crypt which was built in Romanesque style. Current buildings are in Baroque style and are adorned with frescoes by Károly Lotz.

Other shrines

Szeged Synagogue, Hungary
Szeged Synagogue / Gabi Agu, Flickr / CC BY 2.0
  • Dohány Street Synagogue – Budapest. Largest synagogue in Europe with seats for 3 000 people. This ornate building was constructed in Moorish Revival style in 1859.
  • Pasha Qasim Mosque – Baranya. One of the best examples of Turkish architecture, built in 1543 – 1546. Later it was converted into a church.
  • Szeged Synagogue – Csongrád. Enormous and impressive synagogue in Ecclectic style, built in 1907.

Resorts and hotels

Széchenyi thermal baths, Hungary
Széchenyi thermal baths / Jason Karaian, Flickr / CC BY 2.0
  • Gellért Baths and Gellért Hotel – Budapest. Beautiful bath house in Art Nouveau style, built in 1912 – 1918 over thermal springs. Hotel was constructed in 1916 – 1918, also in Art Nouveau style.
  • Király Baths – Budapest. These old thermal baths were built in Ottoman times, in the second half of the 16th century. Baths are operating up to this day.
  • Széchenyi thermal baths – Budapest. Largest thermal baths in Europe. The ornate building was constructed in 1913 in sumptuous Neo-Baroque style. Here are 15 indoor pools and 3 outdoor pools with thermal water.

Bridges, tunnels

Hortobágy bridge, Hungary
Hortobágy bridge / Lily15, Wiimedia Commons, CC BY-SA 3.0
  • Budapest Metro Line 1 – Budapest. Second oldest metro line in the world, built in 1894 – 1896. Line has 11 stations and is 4.4 km long.
  • Hortobágy bridge (Nine-holed Bridge) – Hajdú-Bihar. 167.3 m long historical stone bridge with nine arches. Good example of Neoclassical style in bridge architecture.
  • Széchenyi Chain Bridge – Budapest. This famous suspension bridge over Danube was built in 1849. At its time it was considered to be one of the wonders of engineering.

Other man made landmarks of Hungary

Schmidl family mausoleum in Kozma Street Jewish Cemetery, Budapest
Schmidl family mausoleum in Kozma Street Jewish Cemetery / Kovács Dániel, Wiimedia Commons, CC BY-SA 2.5
  • Hungarian Parliament Building – Budapest. One of the best known Neo-Gothic structures in the world – a beautiful and enormous structure which was built in 1896 – 1904. Facade of the building is 268 m long and building has 691 rooms.
  • Kozma Street Jewish Cemetery – Budapest. Several mausoleums and the chapel in this cemetery are built in expressive Art Nouveau style as designed by Ödön Lechner and Bela Lajta.

Described landmarks of Hungary

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Szepvolgyi System (Pál-völgy Cave): 47.532892, 19.015705

Most beautiful and interesting landmarks of Hungary are:

Interior of Eszterháza, Hungary
Interior of Eszterháza / Karl Gruber, Wikimedia Commons / CC BY 3.0
  • Palaces. There are several world-class palaces in Hungary including one of the best in the world – Eszterháza.
  • Historical villages and towns. Like in many European countries, there are picturesque towns in Hungary but some villages have been preserved almost unchanged throughout the centuries – this is rare in the world indeed.

Featured: Szepvolgyi System (Pál-völgy Cave)

Pál-völgyi Cave, Hungary
Pál-völgyi Cave / Joxy, Wikimedia Commons, public domain

Entrance in the longest cave in Hungary – Szepvolgyi System – is located only some 3 – 4 km from the Hungarian Parliament Building. Tourists are visiting the first 450 m of this cave almost for a century but the true extent of this giant cave was discovered only in 2011.

Recommended books

DK Eyewitness Travel Guide: Hungary


With insider tips to make your trip to Hungary a success, our DK Eyewitness Travel Guide is the reference you’ll want at your side when exploring the best restaurants, cafes, and hotels in Hungary. Visit the cities of Budapest and Danube, check out a cowboy show, or take a day trip around the countryside. We have the best travel tips for any budget, as well as ideas for fun activities for either the solitary traveler or the family with children.

The Story of Hungary

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