Most interesting wonders of Jan Mayen
This small island contains several exciting landmarks.
Most impressive landmark of Jan Mayen Island is Beerenberg – active, 2,277 m high volcano, dominating the surrounding area. This is the northernmost active subaerial (e.g. above the water and ice) volcano in the world. Last eruption took place in 1985. Several large glaciers around this volcano create ice cap, in several locations the glaciers fall in the ocean, creating spectacular icebergs. Weyprecht Glacier enters the sea with some 70 m high ice wall.
Eggøya is former island – volcanic crater, which joined to Jan Mayen around the 18th century by the sand accumulation. There are fumaroles on Eggøya.
Søyla is 114 m high rock – remnant of volcano plug. It is much used by birds for safe breeding and around this rock there is much guano – and hence – much plant life. There form other interesting rock formations including natural arches, which after some time collapse.
Unusual feature is also driftwood – trees covering the black beaches of volcanic sand. These trees have floated here from the big rivers of Russia and even Alaska and Canada.
Island is rather rich with plant life, which includes 75 species of vascular plants, 180 mosses, 150 species of lichens. 7 species of lichen are met only on Jan Mayen – they are endemics.
Described wonders of Jan Mayen
There is no other guide to Svalbard. This stunningly gorgeous, seriously remote Arctic archipelago is about as far from civilization as you can get in Europe. Permafrost freezes the ground up to half a kilometer in depth, while winter temperatures can drop to over 40 below zero. Svalbard’s glorious mountains, majestic fjords and sprawling valleys are the perfect setting for journeys to the back of beyond – by snowmobile, snowshoe or Siberian husky.
This book covers the famous Arctic archipelago (named Spitsbergen when discovered by the Dutch in 1596, but now more commonly referred to as Svalbard – the Viking word for ‘cold coast’). On one side there is a clear and uncluttered map of the archipelago, with useful annotations; on the reverse there are excellent biographical summaries of 27 noted explorers (including Horatio Nelson who came here as a 14 year old midshipman!) plus brief descriptions and color photographs of the more common plants, invertebrates, birds and mammals.