Most interesting landmarks of Jarvis Island
This uninhabited atoll is a possession of the United States. The elongated island is 4.5 km² large and is low lying – rising up to 7 m above the sea level. This atoll currently has no lagoon and is dry, without freshwater.
The central part of the island though had a lagoon in the past. Now it is filled with a thick layer of guano and is dry and thus represents an interesting geological phenomenon.
The island has scarce vegetation of grasses and rare low-growing shrubs. There is no evidence of prehistoric human settlements, but starting from the late 19th century it has been periodically inhabited by guano miners and in 1935 – 1942 there was even established a small settlement named Millersville.
Remnants of all buildings were swept away without a trace by a very powerful storm in 1958, only day beacon remains.
Now the island is wildlife refuge and serves as a nesting ground for a huge number of birds and marine wildlife. Some species of birds here have their largest colonies – here are nesting many thousand pairs of masked boobies (Sula dactylatra), lesser frigatebirds (Fregata ariel), approximately one million pairs of sooty terns (Onychoprion fuscatus).
Described landmarks of Jarvis Island
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