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Wonders of Jarvis Island

Coral Montipora aequituberculata in Jarvis Island
Coral Montipora aequituberculata / Jim E. Maragos, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, / CC BY 2.0

WorldBlue  Highlights

This uninhabited atoll is a possession of the United States. The elongated island is 4.5 km² large and is low lying – rising up to 7 m above the sea level. This atoll currently has no lagoon and is dry, without freshwater.

The central part of the island though had a lagoon in the past. Now it is filled with a thick layer of guano and is dry and thus represents an interesting geological phenomenon.

The island has scarce vegetation of grasses and rare low-growing shrubs. There is no evidence of prehistoric human settlements, but starting from the late 19th century it has been periodically inhabited by guano miners and in 1935 – 1942 there was even established a small settlement named Millersville. Remnants of all buildings were swept away without a trace by a very powerful storm in 1958, only day beacon remains.

Map with the described wonders

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WorldViolet Top wonders of Jarvis Island

Biological wonders

Jarvis Island

Some species of birds here have their largest colonies – here are nesting many thousand pairs of masked boobies (Sula dactylatra), lesser frigatebirds (Fregata ariel), approximately one million pairs of sooty terns (Onychoprion fuscatus).

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