Most interesting landmarks of Leeward Islands
Below are listed the most amazing natural and man made landmarks of Leeward Islands.
Natural landmarks of Leeward Islands
- Huahine Eels, Faie – Huahine. In a creek is living a group of tame, sacred eels, 0.9 – 2 m long, fed by locals and eating from hand.
- Octopus Grotto – Raiatea. A grotto under the sea level, 120 m long. Located in 30 – 50 m depth. Ceiling is adorned with stalactites, which formed when grotto was above the sea level. Numerous fishes live in the cave.
- Temehani Ute Ute Plateau – Raiatea. A small plateau with 26 species of plants which grow only here. One of these plants is the famous Tiare Apetahi (Apetahia raiateensis) with beautiful, large flowers.
Man made landmarks of Leeward Islands
- Fare Potee – Huahine-Nui. A thorough reconstruction of a gathering place of Polynesian community, built over a marae.
- Marae Anini (Huahine Iti) – Huahine. Seaside marae, contains very impressive settings of giant upright stones. Constructed in the 19th century for the worship of deities Oro and Hiro.
- Marae Fare Opu – Bora Bora. Large royal marae, unfortunately, half buried under a road. Some stones contain petroglyphs – depictions of turtles. Made in the 15th – 16th century. Ahu is 25 m long.
- Marae Fare Rua – Bora Bora. The largest marae in Bora Bora. Altar is some 50 m long and has up to 3 m tall standing stones.
- Marae Manunu – Huahine. Large, impressive and once important shrine, with enormous stone structures made of giant stones. Rear wall is located at the sea. Restored in 1967. The most important temple on the island after Mata’ire’a Rahi lost its importance.
- Mata’ire’a Rahi – Huahine. The most important marae in Huahine, with huge importance of royal ceremonies. Located on the summit of a hill. Constructed sometimes around 1450 – 1500.
- Marae Rauhuru – Huahine. Large, interesting marae. Some stones here contain petroglyphs, depicting turtles, canoes and circles.
- Marae Tainu’u – Raiatea. Impressive marae with up to 4 m high standing stones. Stones contain petroglyphs (Tevaitoa petroglyphs) – engravings of turtles. In front of marae is built Tevaitoa church.
- Marae Taputapuatea – Raiatea. A unique complex of marae, one of important sacred complexes of Polynesians. Established around 1000 AD and expanded significantly since then, used as a learning center for priests and navigators. Includes multiple stone structures and sculptures. This unique archaeological monument is partly restored.
- Maupiti turtle petroglyphs – north of Maupiti. Group of petroglyphs in stones near the beach, depicting turtles.
- Ofai Honu (‘Ofa’i-Honu) – Bora Bora. Large stone, covered with engravings of turtles. It symbolizes the birth of the founder of Bora Bora – Firiâmata-ô-Vavau.
- Petroglyphs of Haapapara Valley – Raiatea. One of the richest finds of petroglyphs in French Polynesia. Contains depictions of humans, turtles, geometric symbols.
Other man made landmarks
- Fa’ahia – Huahine. Interesting, well preserved remnants of early Polynesian settlement. Inhabited sometimes around 700 – 1200 AD. The site is inundated and thus the artifacts, including wooden tools, have been well preserved. Site contains numerous bones of birds which are now extinct here. Seven species of the birds are extinct globally.
- Maeva – Huahine. Abandoned royal settlement, contains the largest concentration of megalithic structures in Polynesia except for Easter Island. In total here are known some 200 stone structures – marae, dwellings, agricultural structures, stone fish traps, fortification walls. Includes Marae Oavaura, Marae Vaiotaha and other structures.
- Saint André Church in ‘Uturoa – Raiatea. Unusual church building. Adorned with stone lace, what creates interesting play of lights inside.
Described landmarks of Leeward Islands
This group of islands is very rich with cultural heritage – archaeological monuments and living culture. Here are located some very impressive structures, such as the massive marae Taputapuatea and the abandoned royal town Maeva.
The islands are very picturesque, with mountains, lush tropical vegetation and incredibly rich marine life – it is no wonder that Leeward islands are beloved by tourists seeking idyllic retreat before the return to their daily lives.
Featured: Marae Fare Opu
Right at the bank of Faanui bay is located marae Fare Opu – once important ceremonial site, considered to be a royal marae. It was built in the 15th – 16th century and there have been preserved two stones with petroglyphs depicting turtles.
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This publication is based on new fieldwork carried out on the island of Huahine, French Polynesia, in the years 2001-
2004. The aim of the project was to establish a chronological framework of the marae structures mainly on the island of Huahine in the Leeward Society Islands. However dates were also conducted on earlier collected charcoal from excavated marae structures on the Windward Islands to control the wider context of our local results. Other questions of interest to this study were how the marae structures were located on the landscape, as well as, aspects of their extended uses and modern changes.