This exotic, landlocked country is located high in the mountains – it is the only country in the world entirely above 1,000 m in elevation.
Lesotho is a friendly country with gorgeous scenery. The most amazing wonders of Lesotho are the impressive horseshoe waterfalls, including the world-class Maletsunyane Falls, as well as the amazing plateau – fortress Thaba-Bosiu and prehistoric rock art.
Map with the described wonders
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Top 25 wonders of Lesotho
192 m tall waterfall – vertical plunge.
An impressive, 122 m tall horsetail fall.
Nearly vertical, some 60 m tall horsetail waterfall that freezes over in the winter.
Some 100 m tall, almost vertical waterfall.
Wide fantail waterfall.
Subeng Dinosaur Track
Set of diverse dinosaur footprints in the sandstone and exposed in the bed of a stream. There are several such tracks in Lesotho.
Sandstone plateau – a natural fortress that rises almost 120 m above the surroundings. It was used as a stronghold in the early 19th century by the Basotho people, during the war with Ndebele and served as de facto capital. The fortress was never taken. Near the mountain are caves. There in the 19th century lived cannibals, in some rock shelters are prehistoric paintings.
Liphofung Cave (shelter)
A large overhang of a sandstone cliff, used as a shelter for San and other Stone Age people. Walls are adorned with rock art, the floor is covered with valuable sediments, and rich with archaeological artifacts.
Qomoqomong Valley Petroglyphs
Caves with prehistoric San drawings.
Letseng Diamond Mine
World’s highest diamond mine. Diamonds here are found comparatively rarely but are huge, this find has the highest percentage of large diamonds in the world.
Whether you want to explore the country’s big sights — from the wilds of Kruger National Park and the best spots for whale watching to Cape Town’s vibrant dining scene — or to uncover its many hidden gems, such as the dramatic desert scenery of the Richtersveld, The Rough Guide to South Africa is your indispensable traveling companion.
The Kingdom of Lesotho is a mountainous enclave in southern Africa, and like mountain zones throughout the world, it is isolated, steeped in tradition, and home to few outsiders. The people, known as Basotho, are respected in the area as the only tribe never to be defeated by European colonizers. Greg Alder arrives in Tšoeneng in 2003 as the village’s first foreign resident since 1966.