Although the list below might seem not too long, don’t be mislead: in spite of its small size, this is a very interesting and charming country. The most impressive and best-known wonders of Luxembourg are the Old City of its capital and Vianden Castle, but there is a lot more: a huge amount of castles and palaces, Celtic heritage, spectacular cliffs, canyons, and caves.
Map with the described wonders
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Top 22 wonders of Luxembourg
Narrow canyon with 40 – 50 m tall, vertical cliffs.
More than 4.5 km long cave, the longest in Luxembourg.
Water tunnel with many vertical water shafts, built in Gallo-Roman times around 150 AD. It was around 600 m long, with some 20 – 25 vertical shafts.
Sandstone cliff with an eroded relief of two people that was made around 1st – 2nd century AD and represents a rare example of Gallo-Roman burial art.
Celtic oppidum and shrine, built in the 1st century BC, with impressive, 2.7 km long fortification walls and many other structures.
Mont St. Jean
This hill has served as a sacred place since Pre-Christian times. Pagan rituals took place here in the medieval times as well.
One of the largest and most impressive castles in Western Europe. The enormous Romanesque-style castle was built in the 11th – 14th century on a hilltop.
Old City of Luxembourg
A historical fortified city, one of the largest fortresses in Europe in the 17th – 18th century> Sometimes it is called “Gibraltar of the North”. Fortress and other historical buildings have been well preserved and together with natural scenery – canyons of the Alzette and Pétrusse rivers – forms a spectacular ensemble. There is an extensive network (17 km) of underground passages under the city.
Large medieval castle with a circular wall and 11 towers. First buildings here were built in the Roman times. Current castle was built around 1000 and extended multiple times.
A landmark structure – impressive bridge across Pétrusse river, built in 1900 – 1903. At the time of construction, its 84.65 m long central arch was the longest stone arch in the world.
Well preserved medieval castle. First mentioned in 1129. 39 m tall tower with sumptuous Gothic interiors. Under the castle are several tunnels that were built in the medieval ages.
St. Quirin Chapel
Medieval chapel that has been built into the cliff – only one side of the church is outside this cliff. Gothic facade was built in 1355, tower – in the 19th century.
Picturesque town with numerous historical buildings, including the dominant castle above the town, St.Maurice Abbey, St.Maur Abbey and others.
Château de Septfontaines
Palace (1783–1784) of porcelain producers Jean-François and Pierre-Joseph Boch, adorned with porcelain.
St. Laurentius Church in Diekirch
Old church in the site of Gallo-Roman sanctuary whose walls still can be seen. Church was built in the 6th – 7th centuries, current Gothic church – from 1467, with fine frescoes.
Medieval castle, first mentioned in 1098. The medieval part has been extended several times in Renaissance and Baroque styles.
Grand Ducal Palace
Urban palacco – official residence of the Grand Duke of Luxembourg. Historically built as a Luxembourg city hall around 1572.
Well preserved castle, first fortifications were built here in the middle of the 12th century. Current castle has not been much altered since the early 14th century.
Castle – tower house that was built in the late 13th century.
Church at the oldest Anglo-Saxon monastery in continental Europe that was founded in 700 AD. Original buildings burned down in 1017 and a new church in Romanesque style was built.
Historical building in Gothic style in the central square of Echternach. It is possible that it was built in 1236 or later.
Residence of the Grand Duke of Luxembourg. The palace has been constructed to resemble medieval castles, built in 1907 – 1911.
Author Tim Skelton’s unique and much-praised guide is the only one to focus solely on Luxembourg and fills an otherwise conspicuous gap in the market. Tim is a Luxembourg aficionado respected for his insider knowledge and is a recognized writer not just on travel, but also on food and drink, both integral parts of the Luxembourg experience.
Stroll through the bustling city streets, explore the Caves of Hotton, and visit the Euro Space Center when you travel to Belgium and Luxembourg. See history, art, and more in these unique and vibrant countries.