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Wonders of Luxembourg

Luxembourg City
Luxembourg City / Dennis Jarvis, Flickr. CC BY-SA 2.0

WorldBlue  Highlights

Although the list below might seem not too long, don’t be mislead: in spite of its small size, this is a very interesting and charming country. The most impressive and best-known wonders of Luxembourg are the Old City of its capital and Vianden Castle, but there is a lot more: a huge amount of castles and palaces, Celtic heritage, spectacular cliffs, canyons, and caves.

Map with the described wonders

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WorldViolet Top 22 wonders of Luxembourg

Geological wonders



Narrow canyon with 40 – 50 m tall, vertical cliffs.

Moestroff Cave


More than 4.5 km long cave, the longest in Luxembourg.

Archaeological wonders

Raschpëtzer Qanat


Water tunnel with many vertical water shafts, built in Gallo-Roman times around 150 AD. It was around 600 m long, with some 20 – 25 vertical shafts.



Sandstone cliff with an eroded relief of two people that was made around the 1st – 2nd century AD and represents a rare example of Gallo-Roman burial art.

Häerdcheslee reliefs, Luxembourg
Häerdcheslee reliefs / Jamcelsus, Wikipedia, public domain
TĂ«telbierg (Titelberg)


Celtic oppidum and shrine, built in the 1st century BC, with impressive, 2.7 km long fortification walls and many other structures.

Mont St. Jean


This hill has served as a sacred place since Pre-Christian times. Pagan rituals took place here in medieval times as well.

Architecture wonders

Vianden Castle


One of the largest and most impressive castles in Western Europe. The enormous Romanesque-style castle was built in the 11th – 14th century on a hilltop.

Vianden Castle, Luxembourg
Vianden Castle / Alehins, Flickr / CC BY 2.0
Old City of Luxembourg


A historical fortified city, one of the largest fortresses in Europe in the 17th – 18th century> Sometimes it is called “Gibraltar of the North”. Fortress and other historical buildings have been well preserved and together with natural scenery – canyons of the Alzette and Pétrusse rivers – form a spectacular ensemble. There is an extensive network (17 km) of underground passages under the city.

Bourscheid Castle


Large medieval castle with a circular wall and 11 towers. The first buildings there were built in Roman times. The current castle was built around 1000 and extended multiple times.

Adolphe Bridge


A landmark structure – an impressive bridge across the Pétrusse river, built in 1900 – 1903. At the time of construction, its 84.65 m long central arch was the longest stone arch in the world.

Adolphe Bridge, Luxembourg
Adolphe Bridge / amateur photography by michel, Flickr / CC BY 2.0
Hollenfels Castle


Well preserved medieval castle. First mentioned in 1129. 39 m tall tower with sumptuous Gothic interiors. Under the castle are several tunnels that were built in the medieval ages.

St. Quirin Chapel


A medieval chapel that has been built into the cliff – only one side of the church is outside this cliff. The Gothic facade was built in 1355, tower – in the 19th century.

Clervaux (Klierf)


A picturesque town with numerous historical buildings, including the dominant castle above the town, St.Maurice Abbey, St.Maur Abbey, and others.

Château de Septfontaines


Palace (1783–1784) of porcelain producers Jean-François and Pierre-Joseph Boch, adorned with porcelain.

St. Laurentius Church in Diekirch


Old church on the site of the Gallo-Roman sanctuary whose walls still can be seen. Church was built in the 6th – 7th centuries, current Gothic church – from 1467, with fine frescoes.

Bourlingster Castle


A medieval castle, first mentioned in 1098. The medieval part has been extended several times in Renaissance and Baroque styles.

Grand Ducal Palace


Urban palacco – the official residence of the Grand Duke of Luxembourg. Historically built as a Luxembourg city hall around 1572.

Ansembourg Castle


Well preserved castle, the first fortifications were built here in the middle of the 12th century. The current castle has not been much altered since the early 14th century.

Schoenfels Castle


Castle – tower house that was built in the late 13th century.

Echternach Basilica


Church at the oldest Anglo-Saxon monastery in continental Europe that was founded in 700 AD. Original buildings burned down in 1017 and a new church in Romanesque style was built.

Interior of Echternach Basilica, Luxembourg
Interior of Echternach Basilica / P.Landy, Wikimedia Commons / CC BY 3.0


Historical building in Gothic style in the central square of Echternach. It is possible that it was built in 1236 or later.

Berg Castle


Residence of the Grand Duke of Luxembourg. The palace has been constructed to resemble medieval castles, built in 1907 – 1911.

WorldYellow Recommended books

Luxembourg (Bradt Travel Guide)

Author Tim Skelton’s unique and much-praised guide is the only one to focus solely on Luxembourg and fills an otherwise conspicuous gap in the market. Tim is a Luxembourg aficionado respected for his insider knowledge and is a recognized writer not just on travel, but also on food and drink, both integral parts of the Luxembourg experience.

DK Eyewitness Travel Guide: Belgium & Luxembourg

Stroll through the bustling city streets, explore the Caves of Hotton, and visit the Euro Space Center when you travel to Belgium and Luxembourg. See history, art, and more in these unique and vibrant countries.

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