Landmarks of Madeira

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Water supply channel in laurel forest, Madeira
Water supply channel in laurel forest / Jnvalves, / CC BY 2.0

Most interesting landmarks of Madeira

Below are listed the most amazing natural and man made landmarks of Madeira.

Natural landmarks of Madeira

Waterfalls

Véu da Noiva Falls, Madeira
Véu da Noiva Falls / Alexander Baxevanis, / CC BY 2.0
  • 25 Fontes Falls – Porto Moniz. Group of waterfalls from springs, falling into a pool. Falls are up to 30 m high.
  • Agua D’Alto (São Vicente) – São Vicente. More than 100 m tall waterfall at the sea. The stream is sliding down along a very steep cliff.
  • Caldeirão Verde Falls – Santana. Some 100 m tall waterfall, sliding down along nearly vertical cliff.
  • Cascata do Anjos – near Ponta do Sol. 90 m tall waterfall which often pours on the roofs of cars driving along the sea.
  • Folhadal waterfall – São Vicente. Beautiful, nearly vertical waterfall high in the mountains, in pristine forest.
  • Garganta Funda waterfall – Calheta. Approximately 140 m tall waterfall, which slides down along a nearly vertical cliff.
  • Risco Waterfall – Calheta. Approximately 100 m tall waterfall.
  • Véu da Noiva Falls (Seixal Waterfall) – Porto Moniz. Some 110 m tall waterfall which falls along the steep seaside cliffs directly into the ocean. Wind often blows the falls sideways.

Ecosystems

In laurel forest, Madeira
In laurel forest / Eric Zimmermann, / CC BY-SA 2.0
  • Deserta Grande ecosystem – Santa Cruz. Small Desertas Islands have numerous unique species. On Deserta Grande lives the largest European tarantula – 4.5 cm long body as well as an enormous carrot and 14 species of endemic snails in unusual colors.
  • Madeiran laurisilva. Unique, roughly 150 km² large subtropical humid forest, remnant of once widespread forests. The most impressive subtropical forest in Europe and largest laurisilva forest in the world, contains some 600 endemic species of plants and animals. Pristine forest is crossed by old waterways and pathways between villages.

Other natural landmarks

  • Cabo Girão – Câmara de Lobos and Quinta Grande. A prominent cliff face, rising up to 589 m high directly from the ocean. Cliff is some 3 km wide. At the foot of the cliff in some places is a narrow strip of land with terraced fields – Fajãs de Cabo Girão.
  • Pedreira do Piano in Porto Santo – Porto Santo. Former quarry of basalt with impressive formations of hexagonal basalt.
  • São Vicente Caves – São Vicente. More than 1,000 m long lava caves with some 700 m long trail for tourists. Caves include Volcano Center – a visitor center explaining the geological history of caves.
  • Til in Montado do Sabugal – Santana. Giant til tree (Ocotea foetens) with a height of 37 m and circumference of 13.80 m. In this location are some of the largest and oldest laurel trees.

Man made landmarks of Madeira

Church of Saint John the Evangelist, Funchal
Church of Saint John the Evangelist, Funchal. / Holger Uwe Schmitt, / CC BY-SA 4.0

Churches

  • Capela do Corpo Santo – Funchal. Beautiful chapel, which was built in the 15th – 16th century. Main value is the exquisite interior, especially the numerous paintings on the ceiling.
  • Cathedral of Funchal – Funchal. One of the oldest structures in Madeira, built in Gothic style in the 1490ies – 1518.
  • Church of Saint John the Evangelist in Funchal – Funchal. Ornate church in Mannerist and Portuguese Baroque styles, built by Jesuits in 1629 – 1647, fully completed in the middle of the 18th century. The interior of the church is ornate, even sumptuous.

Other man-made landmarks

Quebrada Nova fields from Achadas da Cruz cliff
Quebrada Nova fields from Achadas da Cruz cliff / Hansueli Krapf, / CC BY-SA 3.0
  • Fort of Pico (Fortaleza de São João Baptista do Pico) – Funchal. One of the most impressive fortresses on the island, built to protect Madeira from pirates. Construction was started around 1601 and lasted until 1640. Impressive is the enormous water tank cut in the cliff.
  • Fort of São Tiago – Funchal. A well-preserved fort which was built at the seaside in the 16th – 17th century.
  • House of Columbus in Vila Baleira – Porto Santo. A house where Christopher Columbus and his wife lived at the end of the 15th century before Columbus discovered America. Now here is a museum.
  • Madeira Airport runway – Santa Cruz. One of the most daring airport structures in the world – a runway which is built partly on an artificial platform, elevated on 180 columns which rise 70 m from the sea and also above a highway.
  • Old Town of Funchal – Funchal. The historical and present main city in Madeira which developed since around 1424. The narrow streets often are adorned with the beautiful Portuguese stone sidewalks and lined with numerous historical buildings.
  • Quebrada Nova fields at Achadas da Cruz – Porto Moniz. Stone walled agricultural fields on a narrow land strip between 400 m tall cliffs and ocean.

Described landmarks of Madeira

[mapsmarker layer=”346″]

Macaronesian islands – Azores, Canary Islands, Cabo Verde, and Madeira – are like messengers from a better, brighter and more interesting world. Madeira represents almost all (without archaeological heritage which is present only in the Canary Islands) of their beauty: mountains, beautiful scenery, subtropical forest and wealth of European architectural heritage. Most interesting landmark – or rather a complex of landmarks – is the unique forest in the central part of the largest island – world’s largest laurel forest.

Featured: Risco Waterfall

Risco Falls, Madeira
Risco Falls / Allie Caulfield, Flickr.CC BY 2.0.

It might be true that there are taller and more powerful waterfalls in Madeira, but Risco Waterfall definitely looks impressive.

Recommended books

Madeira: The Finest Valley and Mountain Walks


Every island thrives on its clichés. The name Madeira stands for a heavy drop of wine which might have had its time a long time ago, yet is still praised by many a connoisseur. The island’s all-year-round mild climate helped Madeira be awarded the decorative suffix »floating floral island in the Atlantic«. Bird of paradise and torch lilies, daisies and hydrangea leave no doubt: Madeira is rich in flowers like no other island.

Madeira: Car Tours and Walks


THE guide to Madeira for more than 30 years and a winner of the Thomas Cook Best Travel Guide Award, this book is by far the most heavily reviewed guide on Amazon, with 86 reviews for the previous edition. It guides the visitor across the island by car and on foot. But it is primarily known as a walking guide. The ‘Sunday Times’ said, ‘A remarkable paperback which may have done more than any other to change the way its readers spend their holidays: this book single-handedly turned levada-walking into something approaching a craze.’

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