Most interesting landmarks of Marshall Islands
- Bikini Lagoon – Bikini Atoll. Unusual, eerie place. This lagoon was used as a ship graveyard after the World War II and then – as a test location for many tests of nuclear bombs. Now the many sunken ships in the lagoon are radioactive but the undisturbed lagoon is full with life and very interesting for divers.
- Bokak Atoll lagoon – Bokak Atoll (Taongi Atoll). The lagoon of this atoll is 0.9 m higher than the surrounding sea. The wind brings in a new seawater and the water pours out of the lagoon through a narrow channel. Unusual feature of this remote, pristine atoll is a 10 – 15 cm high, massive rim formed by algae and enclosing the shores of the coral patches in the lagoon.
- Bravo crater – Bikini Atoll. The 2 km wide and 75 m deep crater was created by the blast of Castle Bravo hydrogen bomb in 1954. This 15 MT blast created significant radioactive contamination. In this same place more nuclear tests have taken place.
- Ivy Mike test site – northern part of Enewetak Atoll. A site where took place the first successful test of hydrogen bomb in 1952. This giant blast evaporated Elugelam Island, creating a crater with 1.9 km diameter. Another nuclear bomb was detonated in this crater in 1956.
- Laura settlement and graveyard in Majuro islet, Majuro Atoll is one of the few excavated ancient settlements in Marshall Islands. The archaeological heritage in Marshall Islands is rather scarce, although the islands are inhabited for some 2,000 years.
- Likiep Atoll. In this atoll is located the highest point in Marshall Islands, located 11 m above the sea level. It is amazing that a country with such a high number of islands is devoid of any hills.
- Runit blast crater – Enewetak Atoll, Runit Island. A blast crater formed during the nuclear tests, filled with the contaminated radioactive soil from the island and covered with concrete, forming a 7.6 m tall spherical mound.
Described landmarks of Marshall Islands
Marshall Islands is a large group of coral atolls and scattered islands.
These remote Pacific islands have experienced terrible nuclear bombardments which have evaporated some islands and left terrible scars in these coral atolls. And, nevertheless, the nature of many islands is pristine and peculiar.
The Marshall Islands, named after a British sea captain who explored the group in 1788, are scattered like flung necklaces over about 750,000 square miles of Pacific Ocean. Positioned 2,200 miles southwest of Hawaii, they occupy an area between four and 20 degrees north of the equator.
Just one month after his 21st birthday, Peter Rudiak-Gould moved to Ujae, a remote atoll in the Marshall Islands located 70 miles from the nearest telephone, car, store, or tourist, and 2,000 miles from the closest continent. He spent the next year there, living among its 450 inhabitants and teaching English to its schoolchildren.