Most interesting landmarks of Moldova
Below are listed the most amazing natural and man made landmarks of Moldova.
Natural landmarks of Moldova
- Butesti Ravine – Glodeni. Impressive gorge, some 2 km long and 125 m wide. Here are found caves with rich finds of bones of bison, mammoths, rhinos and other extinct animals. One cave was inhabited during the Paleolithic and Mesolithic, here are also traces of Neolithic fortress.
- Jeloboc Spring – Orhei. Powerful spring with output of 150 l/s.
- Popeliushka (Emil Racovita Cave, Zolushka) – Briceni and Ukraine, Chernivtsi. 91.05 km long cave, the 25th longest in the world. Cave has gorgeous speleothems.
- Răut Canyon – Orhei. Up to 148 m deep river valley with exposed limestone steeps – the most impressive part stretches for 7 km. Especially impressive is Butuceni promontory with 3 km long and up to 120 m tall limestone exposure. Area has been rich with settlements since the Late Paleolithic (some 30 – 20 thousand years ago).
- Saharna Falls – Rezina. Group of 22 waterfalls, all on Saharna River. Tallest waterfall (Gipsy Hole) is some 5 – 8 m high and has formed a plunge pool under it.
- Surprizelor Cave – Criuleni. Second longest natural cave in country, 1.7 km long, formed in limestone.
- Ţipova Falls – Rezina. Some 16 m tall waterfall on a small stream in ravine near Ţipova monastery. There are several fairly tall waterfalls in these ravines.
Man made landmarks of Moldova
- Bayraki Paleolithic site – Transnistria. Some of the oldest known traces of humans in Europe – flint tools from the Oldowan epoch, 1.1 – 1.2 million years old (Early Paleolithic).
- Old Orhei – Orhei. Ancient settlement on the banks of the deep Răut Canyon, inhabited since the Paleolithic age. Site includes remnants of Geto-Dacian fortress (6th – 1st century BC), Golden Horde fort (Yangi-Shehr, 14th century) and other historical landmarks. Site includes rock cut dwellings.
- Soroca Fort – Soroca. Impressive and well preserved fort, built in 1543 – 1546. Its walls form a perfect circle with five bastions.
Monasteries and churches
- Butuceni rock cut shrines – Orhei. Group of some 200 rock cut caves linked to Christian cult in the valley of Răut. In the walls of many caves have been carved religious texts and symbols.
- Căpriana Monastery Church – Strășeni. Historical stone church, built in Moldavian style in 1491 – 1496.
- Căușeni Assumption of Our Lady Church – Căușeni. Old church building from the 17th century, partly under the ground. Contains the only medieval fresco in the country, in the late Byzantine – Romanian style.
- Rudi St. Trinity Church – Soroca. Characteristic church in Rudi Monastery, good example of the traditional Moldovan architecture.
- Saharna rock cut church – Rezina. Rock cut church of unknown age, devoted to Annunciation. Next to it are traditional monastic structures – St. Trinity monastery.
- Cricova winery – Rîșcani. Giant complex of wine cellars with a total length of 120 km. Development of these cellars started in the 15th century. Cellars developed as limestone quarries for the construction of the nearby Chișinău city. Winery has some 1.25 million bottles of wine.
- Mileștii Mici winery – Ialoveni. Largest wine collection in the world. Wine is located in extensive underground galleries with a total length of some 200 – 250 km, "only" 55 km are in use now and some 120 km – accessible. Here are located more than 2 million wine bottles.
Described landmarks of Moldova
The heritage of Moldova is little known outside its borders but this does not mean that there is little to see. In fact Moldova has some nearly unique and impressive landmarks, such as Europe’s earliest traces of human activity, unusual archaeological heritage and gargantuan wine cellars with hundreds of kilometers of passages and millions of wine bottles.
Featured: Saharna Falls (Gipsy Hole)
One of the tallest and best known waterfalls in Moldova is the largest of Saharna Falls, called also "Gipsy Hole".
This cultural guide for the traveler has information about the present day culture of Moldova along with the causes of that culture. Do you want to learn how to eat like the Moldovans? Or dress like the locals? Do you want to learn about the local religion? Perhaps you only want to see Moldova’s tourist highlights. Whatever your goal is, this cultural guide for the traveler will help you learn the local culture, from superstitions to the architecture, while also showing you the country’s top tourist sites.
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