The heritage of Moldova is little known outside its borders but this does not mean that there is little to see. In fact, Moldova has some nearly unique and impressive landmarks, such as Europe’s earliest traces of human activity, unusual archaeological heritage, and gargantuan wine cellars with hundreds of kilometers of passages and millions of wine bottles.
Map with the described wonders
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Top 25 wonders of Moldova
91.05 km long cave, the 25th longest in the world. Cave has gorgeous speleothems.
The second longest natural cave in country, 1.7 km long, formed in limestone.
Impressive gorge, some 2 km long and 125 m wide. Here are found caves with rich finds of bones of bison, mammoths, rhinos and other extinct animals. One cave was inhabited during the Paleolithic and Mesolithic, here are also traces of Neolithic fortress.
Up to 148 m deep river valley with exposed limestone steeps. The most impressive part is 7 km long. Especially impressive is Butuceni promontory with 3 km long and up to 120 m tall limestone exposure. Area has been rich with settlements since the Late Paleolithic (some 30 – 20 thousand years ago).
Group of 22 waterfalls, all on Saharna River. The tallest waterfall (Gipsy Hole) is some 5 – 8 m high and has formed a plunge pool under it.
Some 16 m tall waterfall on a small stream in ravine near Ţipova monastery. There are several fairly tall waterfalls in these ravines.
Powerful spring with output of 150 l/s.
Ancient settlement on the banks of the deep Răut Canyon, inhabited since the Paleolithic age. The site includes remnants of the Geto-Dacian fortress (6th – 1st century BC), Golden Horde fort (Yangi-Shehr, 14th century), and other historical landmarks. The site includes rock-cut dwellings.
Remnants of a large Roman villa that was built in the early 4th century AD. Later here were built two basilicas.
Bayraki Paleolithic site
Site contains some of the oldest known traces of humans in Europe – 1.1 – 1.2 million years old (Early Paleolithic) flint tools from the Oldowan epoch.
Mileștii Mici winery
The largest wine collection in the world. Wine is located in extensive underground galleries with a total length of some 200 – 250 km, “only” 55 km are in use now and some 120 km – accessible. Here are located more than 2 million wine bottles.
Giant complex of wine cellars with a total length of 120 km. Development of these cellars started in the 15th century. Cellars developed as limestone quarries for the construction of the nearby Chișinău city. Winery has some 1.25 million bottles of wine.
Impressive and well preserved fort, built in 1543 – 1546. Its walls form a perfect circle with five bastions.
Saharna rock cut church
Rock cut church of unknown age, devoted to Annunciation. Next to it are traditional monastic structures – St. Trinity monastery.
Rudi St. Trinity Church
Characteristic church in Rudi Monastery, good example of the traditional Moldovan architecture.
Căușeni Assumption of Our Lady Church
Old church building from the 17th century, partly under the ground. Contains the only medieval fresco in the country, in the late Byzantine – Romanian style.
Căpriana Monastery Church
Historical stone church, built in Moldavian style in 1491 – 1496.
Butuceni rock cut shrines
Group of some 200 rock cut caves linked to Christian cult in the valley of Răut. In the walls of many caves have been carved religious texts and symbols.
This updated guidebook, with a focus on responsible tourism, offers greater coverage than any other to the Chittagong Hill Tracts, and to the world’s largest mangrove forest at the Sundarbans. Personal insights guide travelers to aspects of the country almost unknown to visitors – dolphin and whale watching, winter bird-watching, and golden Bengal’s silk and archaeological highlights.
Ponder whether Bucharest is the ‘Paris of the East’ at its own Triumphal Arch. Roam deserted stretches of sand where the Danube meets the Black Sea. Find out why the keys to ‘Dracula’s castle’ are held by a New York architect. Enjoy a tipple at the winery where Russia’s President Putin celebrated his 50th birthday.