Wonders of Nepal
Most people at first associate Nepal with the breathtaking scenery of Himalaya and above all – with the world’s tallest mountain – Mount Everest. But there is much more than this: wonders of Nepal are:
- Historical cities with ornate local architecture. Few can imagine how beautiful, ornate, and rich is the architecture and art of the many local cultures. For centuries there have been created such wonders as the old cities of Basantpur, Bhaktapur, or Madhyapur Thimi with a street network that might be 5,000 years old.
- Holy Buddhist sites. In present-day Nepal lived one of the most important persons of all times – Gautama Budha and here are located some of the most interesting Buddhist sites – Lumbini, Swayambhunath, Boudhanath, and others.
Extraordinary place is a group of more than 10,000 human-made caves in the Upper Mustang Valley – Muktinakh Cave Temples and many others. This is one of the possible places of the mythical Shambala.
Map with the described wonders
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Top 25 wonders of Nepal
Kali Gandaki Gorge
The deepest gorge in the world, up to 5,571 m deep, if the bounding Annapurna summit is considered as a part of this gorge.
One of the holiest sites for Buddhists – location where Gautama Buddha lived, with the sacred Bodhi tree, Shakya Tank, Asokan pillar (sometimes around 245 BC), gardens, remnants of ancient monasteries and stupas.
Ruins of the ancient Khasi capital in the 12th – 14th century. Settlement was surrounded by massive monolithic stone columns, city has underground water supply system, there were many temples. In a cliffs near the city have been found some of the earliest written examples of Nepali.
Bhaktapur Durbar Square
Historical core zone of Bhaktapur, former capital of Bhaktapur Kingdom. This old city area contains many gorgeous buildings.
Pangboche Monastery and Pangboche Hand
In this monastery was located a hand of dead, unknown creature, a hominid that was not human. Parts of hand were stolen in 1959, the remaining parts disappeared in 1999.
This town may be up to 5000 years old. Street network has a regular grid layout that has very similar dimensions to the street network in the cities of Ancient Indus civilization – Mohenjo-daro and Sirkap in Pakistan, as well as Patan in Nepal.
Gorgeous central part of historical city, former capital city of Malla. Floor of square is tiled with red bricks and square is surrounded by ornate buildings. Most of current buildings are from the 17th century, but the history of this ancient town is much longer. Here are found 55 larger temples and 136 interesting courtyards. Heavily damaged during the earthquake in April 25, 2015.
Old royal palace (oldest parts built in the 15th century or earlier) on the top of mountain, former capital of lands in the central part of present-day Nepal.
Basantpur Durbar Square
The historical core of Basantpur – a square in the front of the palace. This square is surrounded by beautiful architecture. This royal city has developed since the 3rd century AD. Both royal palaces were built in the 10th century and have been rebuilt numerous times. In the square is located also Kumari Chowk – a gilded cage that contains Raj Kumari – the girl who is selected through a mysterious process and is the embodiment of Durga – Hindu goddess. Heavily damaged during the earthquake on April 25, 2015.
Ancient, well preserved town that was founded in the 2nd century AD.
The largest and most sacred Shiva temple in the world. First temple here established in the 5th century AD.
In this monastery is located a purported scalp of yeti. Research shows that it is a fake that is made of Himalayan serow skin.
Walled medieval city high in Himalaya (3,840 m). Founded in 1380, many original structures survive up to this day.
A beautiful Hindu temple, considered to be the oldest temple in Nepal, sacred place since the 3rd century AD or earlier. This beautiful temple contains art values from the 5th and 12th centuries, including stone pillar with inscription from the 5th century.
Janaki Mandir (Ram Janaki Temple)
One of the biggest temples in Nepal with unusual and impressive architecture. Constructed in 1898.
Maya Devi Temple
Main temple at Lumbini – birthplace of Gautama Buddha. Site contains remnants of ancient tree shrine that is dated before 550 BC – the oldest Buddhist shrine (or pre-Buddhist shrine?) in the world. Above this structure stands a later brick shrine from the 3rd century BC. This could be the site of sacred tree – important feature in Buddhism.
Historical city that has been preserved throughout the centuries without notable changes. In the city are located numerous temples, the oldest from the 13th century. City is an important center of culture up to this day.
Royal palace – group of outstanding buildings. The oldest part is from the 16th century, palace was used by royal family until 1886. Contains such interesting buildings as Basantpur Tower with nine floors and erotic images carved on its struts, Panch Mukhi Hanuman Temple with unique design and many other impressive structures.
This traditional Newari village has been preserved that well that it represents a kind of living museum. Here is extracted mustard oil with traditional techniques.
55 Window Palace
Beautiful royal palace, built in 1427 and rebuilt in 1754 by the last king of Bhaktapur. Entrance in palace leads through The Golden Gate (Lu Dhowka) – very ornate, gold plated gate.
Patan Krishna Mandir
A beautiful temple, built in 1637. Temple is very ornate, with 21 golden pinnacles.
An ancient city, center of Newar culture. History of the city starts in 1099 AD and here have been preserved many valuable monuments of architecture.
Ornate pagoda-style Hindu temple, built in 1702. Pagoda has five floors, each with its own roof. Temple is very ornate and contains important art values.
Muktinath cave temples and other rock shelters of Upper Mustang Valley
Ritseling cave has exquisite cave paintings from the 12th – 14th centuries, similar to paintings in Ajanta Caves. In nearby caves have been been discovered Tibetan Bön manuscripts and also at least 2 thousand years old burials. In total in Mustang valley are some 10,000 man made cave shelters and temples.
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