Although Nigeria does not belong to popular tourist destinations these days, this large multicultural and geographically diverse country has many surprising and little-known wonders.
The country is unique not only due to its uninterrupted cultural traditions tracing back to ancient times but also due to another feature: its geographical diversity. The country has rainforests, mountains, deserts, beaches, mangrove forests, and enormous rivers. In numerous locations, people have managed to reach a certain harmony with the environment and most landmarks of Nigeria have both natural and cultural values. Nigerians attribute spiritual characteristics to many of their beautiful natural and cultural monuments and there are many unusual stories told about them.
Map with the described wonders
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Top 25 wonders of Nigeria
Very impressive, 725 m high monolith that rises like an enormous boulder. One of the most impressive monoliths in the world.
A beautiful waterfall on the tributary of Cross River. This vertical plunge is some 40 m tall and with small islands is divided into several, reportedly, seven streams.
Farin Ruwa Falls
Very impressive waterfall – a powerful stream that slides down a steep rock. The total height of the falls is around 150 m.
Some 25 – 30 m tall waterfall – one of the most impressive ones in Nigeria.
Natural stack of rocks that resembles a giant modernist sculpture.
Some 30 m tall and 200 m wide waterfall.
Rock spire – amazing balancing stone. It resembles a woman that is carrying an oversized basket in her back. Local legends tell that this is an enchanted woman – a thief.
Iyi Nzu waterfall
Some 50 meters tall waterfall that falls into a narrow ravine.
100 m tall waterfall.
Qua Falls (Kwa Falls)
Picturesque waterfall in a narrow gorge.
Wikki Warm Springs
Wonderful warm springs with a basin of lucid, blue water. This basin is up to 1.9 m deep and the temperature of the water is 31 degrees C.
Ikogosi Warm Spring and falls
Two springs – a hot (70 degrees C) and a cold spring. Streams of both springs meet, forming a pleasantly warm stream. Thermal waters form several larger and smaller waterfalls here.
160 km long ring wall enclosing the ancient land of Sungbo. Built sometimes around 1000 AD by local culture.
Tunga Dutse Rock Paintings
Beautiful rock paintings and engravings, as well as undeciphered writings on a sandstone outcrop.
Ruins of Hidi’s palace, Sukur
The ancient capital or administrative center of the Sukur people, inhabited since the Iron age and earlier. Palace is a megalithic structure.
Artificial caves – former dwellings. In total into the sandstone wall are carved 59 such dwellings, some containing rock paintings, and engravings. Discovered in 1980.
Birnin Kudu rock art
Ancient rock art sites and also megaliths. Paintings show cattle and diverse symbols.
Architecture and culture wonders
Sacred site – impressive caves in a tropical forest. This location is sacred up to this day.
Old City of Kano
Some 1000 years old city with city walls.
Sacred Yoruba city where valuable sculptures from the 13th-15th centuries have been found.
Some 300 standing stones, often adorned with faces and ornaments. These monoliths are up to 1.8 m tall and are placed in some 30 circles. Most likely, created in the 16th – 20th centuries AD.
Osun-Osogbo sacred forest
Sacred forest alongside the Oshun River.
Olumo cave shelters
Natural fortress – caves that were used as a hiding place during the 19th-century warfare between local people.
Old Oyo city (Oyo-Ile)
The capital city of the Oyo Empire around the 12th – 16th centuries.
Unusual water storage system: a group of 139 wells that are interconnected. Wells were made in the 19th century by captured people – slaves.
Nigeria is Africa’s most populous country and the world’s eighth-largest oil producer, but its success has been undermined in recent decades by ethnic and religious conflict, political instability, rampant official corruption, and an ailing economy. Toyin Falola, a leading historian intimately acquainted with the region, and Matthew Heaton, who has worked extensively on African science and culture, combine their expertise to explain the context to Nigeria’s recent troubles through an exploration of its pre-colonial and colonial past, and its journey from independence to statehood.
Nigeria, the most populous country in Africa with an internal market of 150 million people and an economy growing at around 8 percent a year, is potentially Africa’s next powerhouse. It is nearly one and a half times the size of Texas, with a landmass varying from sandy beaches and tropical jungles, to plains, mountains, and desert. This important West African nation is made up of 250 culturally distinct ethnolinguistic groups.