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Wonders of Paraguay

Salto Cristal in Paraguay
Salto Cristal. / Staphylococcus by Gabriela Sanabria, Flickr / CC BY-SA 2.0

WorldBlue  Highlights

The most impressive and interesting landmarks in Paraguay are:

  • Waterfalls – the beautiful, wide Monday Falls and Ñacunday Falls belong to the most impressive natural landmarks in the country.
  • Ruins of Jesuit missions – just like in the neighboring regions of Argentina and Brazil, in Paraguay have been preserved ruins of Jesuit missions. Back in the 18th century, these were ornate, unusual, and impressive buildings.
  • Petroglyphs – in South America exist thousands of petroglyph sites but some in Paraguay have special fame. In such sites as Ita Letrá and Gasory rock shelter, the petroglyphs resemble some ancient, undeciphered writing. This has given birth to some pseudoscientific theories about ancient Vikings or Celts coming here.

Map with the described wonders

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WorldViolet Top 25 wonders of Paraguay

Geological wonders

Nacunday Falls (Salto Ñacunday)

Alto Paraná

Magnificent waterfall – “Niagara of Paraguay”. This waterfall is 40 m tall and 110 m wide and is located in a scenic, forested area.

Nacunday Falls, Paraguay
Nacunday Falls, Paraguay / Hugo Diaz Lavigne, Wikimedia Commons / public domain
Monday Falls (Saltos del Monday)

Alto Paraná

Waterfall on the powerful Monday River, approximately 45 m tall and 120 m wide.

Monday Falls, Paraguay
Monday Falls / Felipe Mendez, Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 3.0
Aguaray Guazu Falls


Free falling, 58 m tall waterfall.

Suizo Falls


62 m tall, free-falling waterfall, the tallest in Paraguay.

Ojo del Mar


Small lake in the middle of a pristine forest. According to legends, this lake has no bottom and people should not swim here, otherwise, some mysterious force would swallow them.

Cerro Koi and Cerro Chorori

Central (Paraguay)

Sandstone outcrops. Here the sandstone is fractured into hexagonal columns.

Cerro Koi, Paraguay
Cerro Koi / Scolman, Wikimedia Commons / public domain
San Lázaro Caves, Vallemí


Group of interesting caves with stalactites and other cave formations.

Caverna Kamba Hopo


An impressive grotto – the cave at the bank of the Paraguay River.

Carapa Falls


Approximately 50 m tall cascades with numerous small steps, located in an impressive jungle setting. Located in the primeval Mbaracayú Forest – the remnant of the Interior Atlantic Forest.

Archaeological wonders

Ita Letrá


A cliff with mysterious petroglyphs that resemble a message in unknown writing. A site of legends.

Fernández rock shelter


Prehistoric rock shelter with petroglyphs.

Gasory rock shelter


Prehistoric rock shelter with petroglyphs that resemble mysterious writings.

Cerro Acuá petroglyph site


A prehistoric petroglyph site where, as it seems, are depicted male and female genitalia. In Cerro Corá National Park are located many other sites with prehistoric petroglyphs.

Architecture wonders

Itaipu Dam

Alto Paraná

The largest hydropower plant in the world by the capacity of the annual production of electricity, with an installed capacity of generators – 14 GW. Dam is 7.7 km long and 196 m high and belongs to the largest man-made structures in the world, built in 1984.

San Buenaventura Church, Yaguarón


A Franciscan church with beautiful, ornate woodcarvings, constructed in 1640 – 1700.

Palacio de los López


Magnificent government building in Neo-Classical style, constructed in 1857 – 1867. Built as a private residence – a palace for Francisco Solano Lopez Carrillo, the second president of Paraguay.

Palacio de los López, Asunción
Palacio de los López, Asunción / Christian Van Der Henst S., Flickr / CC BY 2.0
Santos Cosme y Damián Jesuit mission


Ruins of an unfinished church and several more buildings of Jesuitic mission that was moved to the present location in 1740. The church is used now as well.

Mision de Jesús de Tavarangué


Ruins of a Jesuit mission moved to its present site sometime around 1690.

Mision de Jesús de Tavarangué, Paraguay
Mision de Jesús de Tavarangué / Patricia Perez de Viveros, Wikimedia Commons / public domain
Friendship Bridge (Ponte da Amizade)

Alto Paraná

This 552.4 m long road bridge has an enormous arch whose span is 290 m. Constructed in 1960 – 1965.

Panteón Nacional de los Héroes (National Pantheon of Heroes)


The construction of this Neo-Classicism building started in 1863 (intended as a chapel) but was finished only in 1936. Now it serves as a memorial site.

La Santísima Trinidad de Paraná


Ruins of the largest of the 8 historical Jesuit missions in Paraguay, a regional capital. This mission was built in 1706 and had a nice church with rich decoration and a complex of other buildings.

Castillo Carlota Palmerola

Central (Paraguay)

An ornate mansion in Neo-Gothic style, built by the Palmerola Ayala family in 1897.

Manzana de la Rivera


This historical city district now serves as a cultural district of the capital of Paraguay. Includes nine historical buildings, where the oldest is Viola House from 1750 – 1758.

WorldYellow Recommended books

At the Tomb of the Inflatable Pig: Travels Through Paraguay

Haven to Nazis, smugglers’ paradise, home to some of the earth’s oddest wildlife and most baroquely awful dictatorships, Paraguay is a nation waiting for the right chronicler. In John Gimlette, at last, it has one. With an adventurer’s sang-froid, a historian’s erudition, and a sense of irony so keen you could cut a finger on it, Gimlette celebrates the beauty, horror, and–yes–charm of South America’s obscure and remote “island surrounded by land.”

Paraguay (Bradt Travel Guide)

The new edition of the first and still most comprehensive guidebook to Paraguay in English is engagingly written by a long-term resident. Paraguay is an emerging tourist destination, rapidly improving its facilities but still mercifully free from tourist tat. You can explore savannahs dotted with palm trees, red-earth roads, empty river-beaches, damp Atlantic forests, or the wild Chaco’s ‘green desert’, all without running into another foreigner. You can swing in a hammock chugging slowly upriver and enjoy some of the best bird-watching in the world. Folk dance, harp playing, and handicraft – particularly in sewing – are vibrant, living traditions.

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